مقایسه اثر تمرینات تناوبی شدید و هوازی بر سطوح سرمی پروتئین شبه آنژیوپویتین-4 و نیم‌رخ لیپیدی در دختران هندبالیست نخبه

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناسی ارشد فیزیولوژی ورزشی، گروه تربیت بدنی، دانشکده علوم انسانی، واحد بجنورد، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، بجنورد، ایران

2 استاد یار، گروه تربیت بدنی، دانشکده علوم انسانی، واحد بجنورد، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، بجنورد، ایران

3 کارشناس ارشد فیزیولوژی ورزشی، گروه فیزیولوژی ورزشی، دانشکده وعلوم ورزشی، دانشگاه الزهرا (س)، تهران، ایران

10.22049/jassp.2020.26763.1291

چکیده

هدف: پروتئین شبه آنژیوپویتین-4 (ANGPTL4) پروتئین مهارکنندۀ لیپوپروتئین لیپاز است که در تنظیم متابولیسم چربی‏ها، هموئوستاز گلوکز و حساسیت انسولینی نقش دارد. هدف از انجام پژوهش حاضر بررسی اثر چهار هفته تمرینات تناوبی شدید (HIIT) در مقایسه با تمرینات هوازی بر سطوح سرمی ANGPTL4 و نیم­رخ لیپیدی در دختران هندبالیست نخبه بود. روش شناسی: 30 دختر نوجوان هندبالیست (میانگین سنی 1/4±16/85 سال)، با سابقه حداقل چهار سال عضویت در تیم هندبال استان خراسان شمالی، انتخاب و به طور تصادفی در دو گروه تجربی و یک گروه کنترل تقسیم شدند. آزمودنی­ها در گروه­های تجربی در چهار هفته تمرینات تناوبی شدید (تناوب­های دویدن در شدت 95-90 درصد ضربان قلب بیشینه با تناوب­های استراحت 3-1 دقیقه­ای دویدن در شدت 60-50 درصد ضربان قلب بیشینه، 30 دقیقه در هر جلسه) و تمرینات هوازی (دویدن با شدت 70-50 درصد ضربان قلب بیشینه، 60-45 دقیقه در هر جلسه)، سه جلسه در هفته، شرکت کردند. خون­گیری به­منظور اندازه­گیری فاکتورهای خونی قبل و 48 ساعت بعد از آخرین جلسه تمرین انجام شد. تجزیه و تحلیل داده­ها با استفاده از آزمون آنالیز واریانس یک طرفه، آزمون تی زوجی و آزمون همبستگی پیرسون در سطح معنی­داری آماری 0/05>Pانجام شد. یافته ها:  تفاوت معنی­داری بین سطوح سرمیANGPTL4  و نیم­رخ لیپیدی پس از تمرینات تناوبی شدید و هوازی گزارش نشد (0/05<P). با این­حال، در گروه تمرین هوازی کاهش معنی­دار تری­گلیسرید (0/032=P) و در گروه تمرینات تناوبی شدید کاهش معنی­دار کلسترول خون (0/048=P) مشاهده شد. علاوه­براین، در گروه تمرینات تناوبی شدید و هوازی، به ترتیب، بین تغییرات ANGPTL4 سرم با تغییرات تری­گلیسرید (0/01=P) و لیپوپروتئین پرچگال (0/014=P) ارتباطی معنی­دار وجود داشت. نتیجه‌گیری: به نظر می­رسد که حجم و شدت تمرینات ورزشی بر سطوح سرمی ANGPTL4 در دختران هندبالیست نخبه تاثیر ندارد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effect of High Intensity Interval Training Versus Aerobic Training on Serum Levels of Angiopoietin-Like 4 and Lipids Profile in Elite Handball player Girls

نویسندگان [English]

  • Fatemeh Izanlu 1
  • Najmeh Rezaeian 2
  • Mahsa Pekand 3
1 Msc of Exercise physiology, Department of Physical Education, Bojnourd Branch, Islamic Azad University, Bojnourd, Iran
2 Assistant Professor, Department of Physical Education, Bojnourd Branch, Islamic Azad University, Bojnourd, Iran
3 Msc of Exercise physiology, Department of Sports Physiology Faculty of Sports Sciences, Alzahra University, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

Aim: Angiopoietin-4 (ANGPTL4) is the inhibitor protein of lipoprotein lipase playing role in regulating lipids metabolism, glucose hemostasis and insulin sensitivity. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of four weeks of high intensity interval training (HIIT) versus aerobic training on serum levels of angiopoietin-4 (ANGPTL4) and lipids profile in elite handball player girls.  Methods: 30 young handball player girls (mean aged 16.85±1.4 years), with at least four years of membership history in handball team of North Khorasan Province, were selected and randomly divided into two groups of experimental and one control group. Subjects in experimental groups participated in four weeks of HIIT [running at intensity of 95-90 percentage of maximum heart rate and resting intervals of 1-3 minutes running at 60-50 percentage of maximum heart rate] and aerobic training (running at 50-70 percentage of maximum heart rate, 45-60 minutes per session), three sessions per week. The blood samples were taken factors before and 48 hours after last training session to assess blood factors. Data analysis was done by One-way ANOVA, paired t-test, and Pearson correlation, and p < 0.05 considered significant. Results: There were no significant differences between ANGPTL4 levels following HIIT and aerobic training (P>0.05). However, triglyceride levels significantly decreased in aerobic group (P=0.032) and cholesterol levels significantly declined in HIIT group (P=0.048). Furthermore, there existed significant correlation between changes in ANGPTL4 levels and changes in levels of triglyceride (P=0.010) and high-density lipoprotein (P=0.014), following HIIT and aerobic training, respectively. Conclusion:  It seems that volume and intensity of exercise training do not effect on serum levels of ANGPTL4 in elite handball player girls.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Angiopoietin4-like Protein (ANGPTL4)
  • Lipids Profiles
  • High Intensity interval training
  • aerobic training
  • Elite Handball Player
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