تأثیر هشت هفته تمرین مقاومتی تناوبی با شدت بالا بر سطح پلاسمایی ای-سلکتین و شاخص‌های گلبول‌های سفید

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناسی ارشد فیزیولوژی ورزش، گروه علوم ورزشی دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد تهران شمال، تهران - ایران.

2 استادیار فیزیولوژی ورزش، گروه علوم ورزشی دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد تهران شمال، تهران - ایران.

3 استادیار فیزیولوژی ورزشی گروه تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشکده ادبیات و علوم انسانی، دانشگاه ایلام، ایلام، ایران

چکیده

ای سلکتین بازگوکننده تخریب و فعال‌سازی اندوتلیال می‌باشد، همچنین نقش مهمی در فرایندهای التهابی بازی می‌کند. هدف از تحقیق حاضر بررسی تأثیر هشت هفته تمرین مقاومتی تناوبی با شدت بالا بر سطح پلاسمایی ایی‌سلکتین و شاخص‌های گلبول‌های سفید در مردان سالم بود. تعداد 23 نفر مرد جوان فعال از طریق فراخوان انتخاب و به روش تصادفی ساده به دو گروه تمرین مقاومتی تناوبی با شدت بالا (11 نفر) و گروه کنترل (12 نفر) تقسیم شدند. گروه تمرین به مدت 8 هفته فعالیت مقاومتی تناوبی با شدت بالا را به صورت 3 جلسه در هفته انجام داد و گروه کنترل زندگی عادی روزمره خود را ادامه دادند. از آزمون t همبسته و مستقل در سطح 0.05 ≥P برای تحلیل آماری داده‌ها استفاده شد. یافته نشان داد که 8 هفته تمرین مقاومتی تناوبی سبب کاهش معنی‌دار ایی-سلکتین شد (0.001 =P) اما بر منوسیت‌ها، نوتروفیل‌ها، آئوزینوفیل‌ها و لنفوسیت‌ها تأثیر معنی‌داری نداشت (0.05 <P)، علاوه براین ارتباط معنی‌داری نیز بین تغییرات وزن و ایی-سلکتین مشاهده شد (0.001 =p، 0.67 -=r). نتایج بیانگر این است که هشت هفته تمرین مقاومتی با شدت بالا به دلیل وجود ریکاوری مناسب بین ست‌ها و تکرارها منجر تحریک شاخص‌های گلبول‌های سفید نمی‌شود ولی ایی-سلکیتن به تغییرات فشار ناشی از تمرین حساس‌تر بوده و سازگاری بیشتری با تمرین مقاومتی با شدت بالا نشان می‌دهد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

The effects of 8 weeks of high intensity interval resistance training on E-selectin and white blood cell indices

نویسندگان [English]

  • ashkan motaghian 1
  • lida moradi 2
  • rostam alizadeh 3
1 Master of Sport Physiology, Department of Sport Sciences, Islamic Azad University North Tehran Branch, Tehran - Iran.
2 Assistant Professor of Exercise Physiology, Islamic Azad University, North Tehran Branch, Tehran - Iran.
3 Department of Physical Education &amp;amp; Sports Science, School of Literature and Humanities, Ilam University, Ilam, Iran.
چکیده [English]

E-selectin reflects endothelial degradation and activation, also plays an important role in inflammatory processes. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of 8 weeks of high intensity interval resistance training on E-selectin and White blood cell indices in healthy men.twenty four active healthy men were selected and randomly divided into two groups: training (n=11) and control (n=12). Training group was performing high intensity interval resistance training for 8 weeks while control group continued their normal daily life styles. Dependent and independent t-test was used for statistically analyses of variances. Level of significance was p≤0.05.the results showed that 8 weeks of interval resistance exercise decreased significantly level of E-selectin (p=0.001), but differences between control and training groups in monocytes, lymphocytes, basophiles and eosinophils was not significant (p>0.05), also there was significant relation between body weight and E-selectin changes (r=.67, p= 0.001). The results indicate that the high intensity interval resistance training did not result in white blood cells' indices excitation because of enough recovery between sets and repetitions, but E-Selectin were sensitive to exercise pressure and load imposed on body by training and showing higher adaptation to high intensity interval resistance training.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • High intensity interval resistance training
  • E-selectin
  • Monocytes
  • Lymphocytes
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