تأثیر دو هفته مصرف مکمل‌آغوز بر شاخص‌های آسیب عضلانی و پراکسیداسیون لیپیدی متعاقب یک جلسه فعالیت حاد مقاومتی بر کشتی‌گیران

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناس ارشد فیزیولوژی ورزشی، گروه تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه سیستان و بلوچستان، زاهدان، ایران.

2 دانشیار، گروه تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه سیستان و بلوچستان، زاهدان، ایران.

3 استادیار، گروه فیزیولوژی ورزشی، پژوهشگاه تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، تهران، ایران.

10.22049/jassp.2020.14011

چکیده

هدف: مصرف مکمل­های خوراکی جهت از بین بردن آسیب­های عضلانی ناشی از ورزش در بین ورزشکاران متداول می­باشد. مطالعات گذشته نشان داده­اند که کلستروم (آغوز) گاوی دارای خاصیت آنتی‌اکسیدانی می­باشد. پژوهش حاضر با هدف مطالعه تأثیر دو هفته مصرف مکمل آغوز بر شاخص­های آسیب عضلانی و پراکسیداسیون لیپیدی متعاقب یک جلسه فعالیت حاد مقاومتی در کشتی­گیران انجام شده است. روش شناسی: 30 نفر از کشتی­گیران آزاد و فرنگی استان سیستان و بلوچستان به صورت هدفمند و داوطلبانه انتخاب شدند. آزمودنی‌ها در دامنه سنی 19 تا 30 سال و فاقد آسیب دیدگی ورزشی در شش ماه گذشته و دارای سه جلسه تمرین در هفته و حداقل سه سال سابقه ورزشی بودند. پژوهش با یک گروه تجربی (15=n) و یک گروه کنترل (15=n) و در فصل پیش از مسابقات انجام شد. آزمودنی‌های گروه تجربی به مدت دو هفته، یک روز در میان مقدار ۲۰ گرم مکمل پودر شده‌ی آغوز را با ۲۰۰ میلی لیتر آب محلول و مصرف نمودند و سپس فعالیت حاد مقاومتی را شامل هشت ایستگاه در سه ست 8  الی۱۰ تکراری با۸۰ درصد یک تکرار بیشینه (1RM) و یک دقیقه استراحت بین ایستگاه­ها و دو دقیقه استراحت بین ست­ها انجام دادند. از کلیه آزمودنی‌ها در سه نوبت: 1. قبل از مصرف مکمل، 2. 24 ساعت پس از اتمام دوره مکمل­یاری، و 3. 24 ساعت پس از اتمام جلسه فعالیت، خونگیری متعاقب 10 ساعت ناشتایی شبانه به عمل آمد. تجزیه و تحلیل استنباطی داده­ها از طریق آزمون‌تحلیل واریانس با اندازه­ گیری­های مکرر و تحلیل واریانس دو سویه با استفاده از نرم افزار spss20 در سطح معنی­داری (05/0 p <) انجام شد. یافته­ها: نتایج پژوهش نشان داد که به ترتیب سطوح شاخص کراتین‌کیناز (001/0=P) و لاکتات د­هیدروژناز (02/0=P) متعاقب دو هفته مصرف مکمل آغوز و تمرین حاد مقاومتی تفاوت معناداری را در گروه تمرین و مکمل نسبت به گروه کنترل نشان داد، اما مقدار مالون دی آلدئید در گروه تمرین و مکمل تفاوت معناداری را در سه مرحله اندازه­گیری نسبت به گروه کنترل نشان نداد (09/0=P).  نتیجه گیری: بر اساس نتایج گزارش شده می­توان نتیجه گرفت اگرچه تمرین مقاومتی به تنهایی موجب افزیش شاخص­های آسیب عضلانی می شود، اما مکمل­یاری با آغوز از افزایش آن جلوگیری می­کند؛ هر چند، مصرف این مکمل احتمالاً تأثیری بر میزان پراکسیداسیون لیپیدی ندارد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effects of Two-Weeks Colostrum Supplementation on Muscle Injury Indices and Lipid Peroxidation Following an Acute Resistance Activity Session in Wrestlers

نویسندگان [English]

  • Ali-Akbar Keikha 1
  • Mohsen Ghofrani 2
  • Masoumeh Helalizadeh 3
1 Msc in Exercise Physiology, Faculty of Exercise Physiology and Sport Sciences, University of Sistan and Baluchestan، Zahedan، Iran.
2 Associate Professor, Department of Physical Education and Sports Science, University of Sistan and Baluchestan، Zahedan، Iran.
3 Assistant Professor, Department of Sports Physiology, Sport Sciences Research Institute, Tehran, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Aim: Oral supplements are common among athletes to relieve muscle damage from exercise. Recent studies have shown that bovine colostrum has antioxidant properties. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of 2-weeks colostrum supplementation on muscle injury indices following a session of acute resistance activity on wrestlers in Sistan and Baluchestan province. Methods: 30 wrestlers were selected voluntarily with the age range of 19 to 30 years with no sports injury in the past six months, with three sessions of exercise per week and at least three years of sporting experience. The present study was performed with an experimental group (n = 15) and a control group (n = 15) in the pre-competition season. Subjects in the experimental group performed an acute resistance exercise consisting of eight stations in three sets of 8 to 10 repetitions with 80% of one repetition maximum (1RM) and one-minute rest between stations and two minutes rest between sets. Subjects in the experimental group took 20 gram of colostrum powder with 200 ml water for two weeks, every other day. Blood samples were taken from all subjects after 10 hours of overnight fasting in three stages: 1. Before supplementation, 2. 24 hours after completing supplementation, 3. 24 hours after resistance activity session. Data analysis was done by ANOVA with repeated measures and two-way analysis of variance tests using SPSS software at the significant level of 0.05. Results: the results showed that the levels of creatine kinase (P = 0.001) and lactate dehydrogenase (P = 0.02), respectively, after two weeks of colostrum supplementation and acute resistance training were significantly different in the training group and supplementation compared to control group, but the amount of malondialdehyde in the exercise and supplement group did not show any significant difference in the three measurement steps compared to the control group (P = 0.09). Conclusion: It can be concluded that although resistance exercise increases muscle injury indices, but supplementation with colostrum may prevent it.
 
 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Colostrum
  • Creatine kinase
  • Lactate Dehydrogenase
  • Malondialdehyde
  • Acute resistance activity
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