أثر مستقل و ترکیبی تمرین هوازی شدید و بی‌تمرینی بر سطوح سرمی لپتین،آدیپونکتین و برخی عوامل مرتبط با اضافه وزن

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناس ارشد، و مدرس، گروه تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد اسدآباد، همدان، ایران.

2 دانشیار،گروه فیزیولوژی ورزش، دانشکده تربیت بدنی، دانشگاه رازی کرمانشاه، ایران.

3 استادیار، گروه تربیت بدنی دانشگاه آیت ا.. العظمی بروجردی لرستان، ایران.

چکیده

هدف پژوهش: تحقیق حاضر با هدف تاثیرتمرین هوازی بیشینه، ترکیبی(هوازی بیشینه- حمام سونا) و بی‌تمرینی برسطوح لپتین آدیپونکتین، شاخص مقاومت به انسولین مردان غیرفعال دارای اضافه وزن انجام شد.روش پژوهش:30مرد جوان(بادامنه سنی19تا25سال وشاخص توده بدن≤25) به طورتصادفی به دوگروه تمرین هوازی تناوبی شدید و ترکیبی(هرگروه10نفر)تقسیم شدند.آزمودنی‌ها به مدت8هفته و3جلسه درهفته تمرین هوازی تناوبی شدید را درروزهای زوج انجام دادند و امّاگروه تمرین ترکیبی علاوه برتمرین هوازی،3جلسه درهفته برنامه مکمل حمام سونا را نیز در روزهای فرد به مدت20الی30دقیقه درداخل حمام سونای خشک باحرارت80درجه سانتیگراد با ضربان قلب130-145 ضربه در دقیقه انجام دادند.پس ازپایان 8هفته تمرینات از هردوگروه خواسته شدتا به شیوه زندگی کم تحرک قبلی خود برای 2هفته آینده بدون فعالیت ورزشی برگردند(مرحله بی‌تمرینی) در ضمن، از آزمودنیها خونگیری در3مرحله(پیش‌آزمون، پس‌آزمون و بی‌تمرینی) به عمل آمد.نتایج:تمرینات هوازی تناوبی شدید وترکیبی منجر به افزایش معنیدار سطوح آدیپونکتین و کاهش معنیدار سطوح لپتین،گلوکز، انسولین،شاخص مقاومت به انسولین و درصدچربی بدن آزمودنیهای دارای اضافه وزن پزوهش شدو میانگین بین گروهی تفاوت معنی‌دار نداشت(05/0P≤).همچنین مشخص شد که پس از 2هفته بی‌تمرینی سطوح لپتین، آدیپونکتین، شاخص های متابولیک به طور معنی‌داری افزایش یافت(05/0P≤).بحث و نتیجه‌گیری:یافته‌های پژوهش نشان داد تمرینات هوازی تناوبی شدید-حمام سونا باعث بهبود ترکیب بدنی و غلظت برخی هورمونهای بافت سفید چربی و شاخص مقاومت به انسولین شد. ضمناً سازگاریهای ناشی از تمرینات ورزشی با بی‌تمرینی برگشت پذیرند،لذا توصیه می‌شود افراد دارای اضافه وزن به طورمنظم دربرنامه‌های ورزشی شرکت کنند.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Independent and combined effects of intense aerobic training and detraining on serum levels of leptin, adiponectin and factors associated with overweight

نویسندگان [English]

  • Yazdan Foroutan 1
  • Abdol Hossein Parnow 2
  • Saeid Daneshyar 3
1 Department of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, University of Azad Aslamic Asadabad-Amadan, Iran.
2 Department of Exercise Physiology, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Science, Razi University, Kermanshah, Iran
3 Department of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, University of Ayatollah Ozma Boroujerdi, Lorastan, Iran
چکیده [English]

Purpose:The present study aims to investigate the effect of maximal aerobic exercise, hybrid(aerobic max bath sauna)and bio training levels of leptin, adiponectin, insulin resistance index was overweight inactive men.Methods:Thirty young men(with age range19 to25years old and body mass index≤25)were randomly divided into two groups of severe and combined periodic aerobic exercises(each group of10).The subjects completed intensive aerobic exercise for 8 weeks and 3 sessions per week in a couple of days, but the combined exercise group In addition to the aerobic exercise,3sessions per week were performed on a sauna bath supplement on individual days for 20to30minutes in a sauna with a warm 80°Cheart rate with a heart rate of150-145beats per minute. After 8weeks of training, both groups were asked to return to their low-mobility lifestyle for the next 2 weeks without exercise(insomnia).Meanwhile, the subjects were subjected to blood sampling in three stages(pre-test,post-test, and de-training).Results:Severe and intermittent aerobic exercises resulted in a significant increase in adiponectin levels and a significant decrease in leptin, glucose, insulin, insulin resistance index, and body fat percentage of overweight subjects. There was no significant difference between the groups(P≤0.05)It was also found that after 2weeks of non-administration, the levels of leptin, adiponectin, and metabolic index increased significantly(P≤0.05)Conclusion:The results of this study showed that intensive aerobic exercise-sauna baths improved the body composition and the concentration of some white blood lipid hormones and insulin resistance index. Additionally, adaptations resulting from sports exercises are reversible,so it is recommended that overweight individuals regularly participate in sports programs.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Combined exercise
  • severe periodic exercises
  • insomnia
  • Leptin
  • adiponectin
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دوره 4، شماره 2
پاییز و زمستان 1396
صفحه 34-41