تأثیر هشت هفته تمرین همزمان بر مقاومت انسولینی و مقادیر پلاسمایی رزیستین و گلوکز مردان میانسال دارای اضافه وزن و چاق

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی Released under CC BY 4.0 license I Open Access I

نویسندگان

1 استادیار فیزیولوژی ورزشی. اداره تربیت بدنی دانشگاه فرهنگیان کرمان. کرمان. ایران.

2 استاد گروه فیزیولوژی ورزش، دانشکده علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه بیرجند، بیرجند، ایران.

3 کارشناسی ارشد فیزیولوژی ورزش، مسئول تربیت بدنی، اداره آموزش و پرورش دهدشت.

10.22049/jahssp.2022.27610.1429

چکیده

هدف: افراد دارای اضافه وزن و چاق که فعالیت بدنی ندارند، معمولا در معرض برخی بیماری­های متابولیکی و قلبی و عروقی مانند دیابت نوع 2 و گرفتگی عروق کرونری و پرفشار خونی قرار دارند. هدف از این تحقیق بررسی تأثیر هشت هفته تمرین همزمان (مقاومتی و استقامتی) بر مقاومت انسولینی و مقادیر پلاسمایی رزیستین و گلوکز مردان میانسال دارای اضافه وزن و چاق شهر یاسوج بود. روش شناسی: روش تحقیق از نوع نیمه تجربی با طرح پیش آزمون و پس آزمون بود. جامعه آماری مردان دارای اضافه وزن و چاق 30 تا 45 ساله شهر یاسوج بودند. روش نمونه گیری هدفمند بود و 30 نفر به عنوان نمونه آماری انتخاب و به صورت تصادفی ساده به 2 گروه تمرین همزمان و کنترل تقسیم شدند. آزمودنی­های گروه تجربی 8 هفته تمرین همزمان و هر هفته 3 جلسه را انجام دادند. داده­های مربوط به مقاومت انسولینی، رزیستین و گلوکز پلاسمایی در قبل و بعد از اجرای تمرینات همزمان با استفاده از آزمون­های کولموگروف اسمیرنوف، t  وابسته و مستقل در سطح معنی­داری 05/0>p تحلیل شدند. یافته‌ها: نتایج پژوهش نشان داد مقاومت انسولینی، سطوح رزیستین و گلوکز پلاسمایی در پس آزمون در گروه تجربی نسبت به گروه کنترل کاهش معناداری داشتند (05/0>p). در مقابل، در گروه کنترل در همه متغیرها تغییر معناداری مشاهده نشد (05/0> p). سطوح رزیستین و گلوکز پلاسمایی در پس آزمون گروه تجربی کاهش معنی دار داشتند ولی در گروه کنترل تفاوت معناداری مشاهده نشد (05/0>p). نتیجه‌گیری: بنابراین، می­توان اجرای 8 هفته تمرین همزمان مقاومتی و استقامتی که در یک جلسه اجرا می­شدند را به عنوان یکی از روش­های پیشگیرانه و غیردارویی برای بهبود وضعیت سلامت متابولیکی و قلبی و عروقی مردان میانسال دارای اضافه وزن و چاق پیشنهاد داد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The effect of eight weeks of concurrent training on insulin resistance and resistin and glucose plasma levels in middle-aged overweight and obese men

نویسندگان [English]

  • Morad Hosseini 1
  • Mehdi Mogharnasi 2
  • Omid Zafarmand 3
1 Assistant Professor of Sports Physiology. Physical Education Department. Farhangian University of Kerman. Kerman. Iran.
2 Professor of Exersice Physiology, Faculty of Sports Sciences, University of Birjand, Birjand, Iran.
3 Master of Sports Physiology, In charge of physical education, Dehdasht Education Office.
چکیده [English]

Aim: Overweight and obese people who do not engage in physical activity or exercise are usually at risk for certain metabolic, cardiovascular, and type 2 diseases, such as type 2 diabetes, coronary artery disease, and hypertension. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of eight weeks of concurrent training (resistance and endurance) on insulin resistance and plasma levels of resistin and glucose in overweight and obese middle-aged men in Yasuj. Methods: The research method was quasi-experimental with pre-test and post-test design.  The statistical population was overweight and obese men aged 30 to 45 years in Yasuj. The sampling method was purposeful and 30 people were selected as a statistical sample and were randomly divided into two groups of  concurrent training and control. The subjects in the experimental group performed 8 weeks of  concurrent training and 3 sessions per week. Data on insulin resistance,  plasma resistin and glucose before and after concurrent training were analyzed using Kolmogorov-Smirnov, dependent and independent t-tests at a significant level of p<0.05. Results: The results showed that insulin resistance, resistin and plasma glucose levels in the post-test in the experimental group were significantly reduced compared to the control group (p <0.05). In contrast, no significant change was observed in all variables in the control group (p > 0.05). Conclusions: Therefore, it is can to suggest 8 weeks of concurrent resistance and endurance training that were performed in one session as one of the preventive and non-pharmacological methods to improve the metabolic, cardiovascular health status of overweight and obese middle-aged men.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Insulin esistance
  • Resistin
  • Glucose
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دوره 9، شماره 1
فروردین 1401
صفحه 35-47
  • تاریخ دریافت: 08 بهمن 1400
  • تاریخ بازنگری: 03 اردیبهشت 1401
  • تاریخ پذیرش: 09 اردیبهشت 1401
  • تاریخ اولین انتشار: 09 اردیبهشت 1401