تاثیر تمرین تناوبی شدید بر سطوح پلاسمایی میوستاتین و IGF-1 در نوجوانان چاق

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 . استادیار، گروه تربیت بدنی، دانشگاه افسری امام علی (ع)، تهران، ایران.

2 استادیار، گروه تربیت بدنی، دانشگاه علوم انتظامی امین، تهران، ایران.

3 دانشجوی دکتری ، دانشکده تربیت بدنی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد کرج

10.22049/jahssp.2021.27319.1369

چکیده

هدف: میوستاتین و فاکتور رشد شبه انسولینی نقش موثری در پاسخ به انقباض‌های عضلانی، تنظیم و تحریک متابولیسم عضلات دارند. هدف از این پژوهش، تغییرات میوستاتین و IGF-1 پلاسمایی به هشت هفته تمرینات تناوبی شدید در نوجوانان چاق می‌باشد. روش شناسی: این مطالعه از نوع نیمه تجربی بود و 28 نوجوانان چاق به طور تصادفی به دو گروه تجربی و گروه کنترل تقسیم شدند. گروه تجربی به مدت هشت هفته و سه جلسه در هفته پروتکل تمرینی تناوبی خیلی شدید را اجرا کردند. به منظور سنجش میزان پلاسمایی میوستاتین و IGF-1، نمونه خونی طی دو مرحله در حالت ناشتا، 48 ساعت قبل و بعد از تمرینات گرفته شد. جهت مقایسه درون گروهی از آزمون تی همبسته و برای مقایسه بین گروهی از آزمون تی مستقل استفاده گردید. یافته‌ها: نتایج نشان داد متعاقب انجام هشت هفته تمرین تناوبی خیلی شدید مقادیر پلاسمایی میوستاتین به طور معناداری در مقایسه با گروه کنترل کاهش معنادار (001/0=(P و مقادیر IGF-1 (013/0=(P در مقایسه با گروه کنترل افزایش معناداری پیدا کرد. نتیجه گیری: با توجه به یافته‌های مطالعه حاضر، به نظر می‌رسد تمرینات اینتروال شدید می‌تواند به عنوان یک راهکار موثر مبنی بر کاهش معنادار میوستاتین و افزایش معنادار IGF-1 در نوجوانان چاق مورد استفاده قرار گیرد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

The effect of intense intermittent exercise on plasma levels of myostatin and IGF-1 in obese adolescents

نویسندگان [English]

  • Sajjad Mohammadyari 1
  • Hamdollah Hadi 2
  • Ahmad reza Zohrabi 3
1 Assistant Professor, Department of Physical Education, Imam Ali (AS) University, Tehran, Iran.
2 Assistant Professor, Department of Physical Education, Amin University of Law Enforcement Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
3 Ph.D. Student, Faculty of Sport Sciences, Islamic Azad University, Karaj Branch
چکیده [English]

Aim: Myostatin and insulin-like growth factor play an important role in responding to muscle contractions, regulating and stimulating muscle metabolism. The aim of this study was to change plasma myostatin and IGF-1 to eight weeks of intense intermittent exercise in obese adolescents. Methods: This study was a quasi-experimental study and 28 obese adolescents were randomly divided into experimental and control groups. The experimental group performed a very intense intermittent training protocol for eight weeks and three sessions per week. In order to measure the plasma levels of myostatin and IGF-1, blood samples were taken in two stages in the fasting state, 48 hours before and after exercise. A correlated t-test was used for intra-group comparison and an independent t-test was used for comparison between groups. Results: The results showed that after eight weeks of very intense interval training, plasma myostatin levels significantly decreased (P=0.001) and IGF-1 (P=0.013) compared to the control group. Conclusion: According to the findings of the present study, it seems that intense interval training can be used as an effective strategy to significantly reduce myostatin and significantly increase IGF-1 in obese adolescents.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Exercise
  • immune system
  • Covid-19
  • Training protocol
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دوره 8، شماره 2
مقالات این شماره در دست تکمیل می باشد
پاییز و زمستان 1400
صفحه 21-30
  • تاریخ دریافت: 01 تیر 1400
  • تاریخ بازنگری: 14 مرداد 1400
  • تاریخ پذیرش: 06 شهریور 1400