تأثیر دو نوع تمرین تناوبی و تداومی بر ظرفیت عملکردی و ترکیب بدنی زنان درمان شده از سرطان سینه

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشاس ارشد فیزیولوژی ورزش، گروه تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشکده علوم انسانی، دانشگاه شاهد، تهران، ایران

2 استادیار فیزیولوژی ورزش، گروه تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشکده علوم انسانی، دانشگاه شاهد، تهران، ایران

3 فوق تخصص هماتولوژی و انکولوژی، بیمارستان نفت، تهران، ایران

4 استادیار دانشگاه علوم پزشکی شهید بهشتی، تهران ایران

10.22049/jassp.2020.26787.1297

چکیده

هدف از پژوهش حاضر مقایسه تأثیر 12 هفته تمرین هوازی تناوبی و تداومی بر ظرفیت عملکردی و ترکیب بدنی زنان درمان شده از سرطان سینه است. 39 نفر زن درمان شده از سرطان سینه که تمایل و شرایط شرکت در پژوهش را داشتند، در این پژوهش نیمه تجربی در 3 گروه: 1- تمرین هوازی تناوبی (13 نفر)، 2- تمرین هوازی تداومی (14 نفر) و 3- کنترل (10 نفر) تقسیم شدند. دو گروه تمرینی به مدت 12 هفته و به صورت سه جلسه در هفته تمرینات خود را به انجام رساندند. ظرفیت عملکردی از طریق آزمون نشست و برخاست و ترکیب بدنی با استفاده از دستگاه In body در سه گروه، قبل و بعد از دوره تمرینی با شرایط یکسان ارزیابی شد. از آزمون تحلیل کوواریانس برای تجزیه‌وتحلیل داده‌های پژوهش استفاده شد. تفاوت معنی‌داری در نتایج آزمون عملکرد عضلانی، توده چربی و درصد چربی بین سه گروه، زمانی که پیش‌آزمون به‌عنوان همپراش قرا گیرد، وجود ندارد. توده عضلانی پس از دوره تمرین در گروه تمرین تناوبی به طور معنی‌داری افزایش داشته است و از این لحاظ بین گروه تناوبی با دو گروه دیگر تفاوت معنی‌دار وجود دارد. 12 هفته تمرین هوازی تناوبی و تداومی اثر محدودی بر ظرفیت عملکردی، توده چربی و درصد چربی بهبود یافتگان از سرطان سینه دارد اما تمرین از نوع تناوبی می‌تواند به طور معنی‌داری موجب افزایش توده عضلانی این افراد شود که از این نظر بین دو روش تمرینی تفاوت معنی‌دار وجود دارد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effect of interval and continuous training on functional capacity and body composition in women breast cancer survivors

نویسندگان [English]

  • Somayeh Nazari, 1
  • Amin Isanejad 2
  • Behroz Gharib, 3
  • Ali Ghanbari Motlagh 4
  • Ali Samadi 2
1 Master of Science in Sport Physiology, Department of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Faculty of Human Sciences, Shahed University, Tehran, Iran
2 Assistant Professor of Physiology, Department of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Faculty of Human Sciences, Shahed University, Tehran, Iran
3 Hematology and Oncology Specialist, Petroleum Hospital, Tehran, Iran
4 Assistant Professor, Shahid Beheshti Univercity of medical sciences, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

The purpose of this study was to compare effect of 12 weeks continues aerobic training (CAT) and interval aerobic training (IAT) on, functional capacity and body composition in women breast cancer survivors. 39 breast cancer survivors who were willing and eligible to participate in this study were divided in to three groups: 1- CAT (n= 13), 2- CAT (N= 14) and 3- control (n= 10). The two training groups performed their exercises for 12 weeks, three sessions per week. Before and after of training period functional capacity was assessed by muscle function test and body composition was assessed by In-body devise in three groups in the same condition. For data analysis the ANCOVA was performed. There was no significant difference in muscle function test, fat mass and fat percentage between the three groups when the pre-test was taken as a covariate. Muscle mass increased significantly after the training period in the IAT group and there was a significant difference between the IAT group and the other two groups. 12 weeks of CAT and IAT have a limited effect on functional capacity, fat mass, and fat percentage in breast cancer survivors, but IAT can significantly increase muscle mass and there is a significant difference between the training methods.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • aerobic training
  • Functional Capacity
  • Body Composition
  • breast cancer
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دوره 7، شماره 1
بهار و تابستان 1399
صفحه 1-1
  • تاریخ دریافت: 20 اسفند 1398
  • تاریخ بازنگری: 26 فروردین 1399
  • تاریخ پذیرش: 20 اردیبهشت 1399