تأثیر دو نوع تمرین تناوبی و تداومی بر ظرفیت عملکردی و ترکیب بدنی زنان درمان شده از سرطان سینه

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشاس ارشد فیزیولوژی ورزش، گروه تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشکده علوم انسانی، دانشگاه شاهد، تهران، ایران

2 استادیار فیزیولوژی ورزش، گروه تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشکده علوم انسانی، دانشگاه شاهد، تهران، ایران

3 فوق تخصص هماتولوژی و انکولوژی، بیمارستان نفت، تهران، ایران

4 استادیار دانشگاه علوم پزشکی شهید بهشتی، تهران، ایران

10.22049/jassp.2020.26787.1297

چکیده

هدف: بیماری سرطان سینه، شایع­ترین نوع سرطان در میان زنان به شمار می­رود و این بخش از جامعه را حتی پس از بهبودی با مشکلات فراوانی مواجه می­سازد. هدف از پژوهش حاضر مقایسه تأثیر 12 هفته تمرین هوازی تناوبی و تداومی بر ظرفیت عملکردی و ترکیب بدنی زنان درمان شده از سرطان سینه بود. روش‌شناسی:  39 نفر زن درمان شده از سرطان سینه به‌صورت داوطلبانه در مطالعه حاضر شرکت کرده و به‌صورت تصادفی به 3 گروه: 1- تمرین هوازی تناوبی (13 نفر)، 2- تمرین هوازی تداومی (14 نفر) و 3- کنترل (10 نفر) تقسیم شدند. دو گروه تمرینی به مدت 12 هفته و به‌صورت سه جلسه در هفته تمرینات خود را به انجام رساندند. ظرفیت عملکردی از طریق آزمون نشست‌وبرخاست و ترکیب بدنی با استفاده از دستگاه تجزیه‌وتحلیل ترکیب بدنی در سه گروه، قبل و بعد از دوره تمرینی با شرایط یکسان اندازه‌گیری و ارزیابی شد. از آزمون تحلیل کوواریانس برای تجزیه‌وتحلیل داده­های پژوهش استفاده شد. یافته‌ها: نتایج پژوهش نشان داد کهتفاوت معنی­داری در آزمون عملکرد عضلانی، توده چربی و درصد چربی بین سه گروه، وجود ندارد(0/05<P). توده عضلانی پس از دوره تمرین در گروه تمرین تناوبی به‌طور معنی­داری افزایش داشت و از این لحاظ بین گروه تناوبی با دو گروه دیگر تفاوت معنی­دار وجود داشت(0/05>P). نتیجه‌گیری: تمرین هوازی از نوع تناوبی نسبت به تمرین هوازی از نوع تداومی برای تأثیرگذاری بر توده عضلانی افراد بهبودیافته از سرطان سینه می­تواند انتخاب مناسب­تری باشد. اما هر دو روش تمرینی اشاره‌شدهاثر محدودی بر ظرفیت عملکردی، توده چربی و درصد چربی بهبودیافتگان از سرطان سینه در مدت 12 هفته دارد. 

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effect of Interval and Continuous Training on Functional Capacity and Body Composition in Breast Cancer Survivors

نویسندگان [English]

  • Somayeh Nazari, 1
  • Amin Isanejad 2
  • Behroz Gharib, 3
  • Ali Ghanbari Motlagh 4
  • Ali Samadi 2
1 Master of Science in Exercise Physiology, Department of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Faculty of Human Sciences, Shahed University, Tehran, Iran
2 Assistant Professor of Exercise Physiology, Department of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Faculty of Human Sciences, Shahed University, Tehran, Iran
3 Hematology and Oncology Specialist, Petroleum Hospital, Tehran, Iran
4 Assistant Professor, Shahid Beheshti Univercity of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

Aim: Breast cancer is the most common type of cancer among women and causes many problems in this part of society, even after recovery. The purpose of this study was to compare effect of 12 weeks continues aerobic training (CAT) and interval aerobic training (IAT) on, functional capacity and body composition in women breast cancer survivors. Methods: 39 breast cancer survivors who were volunteers to participate in this study were divided in to three groups: 1- CAT (n= 13), 2- CAT (N= 14) and 3- control (n= 10). The two training groups performed their exercises for 12 weeks, three sessions per week. Before and after of training period functional capacity was assessed by muscle function test and body composition was measured by In-body devise in three groups in the same condition. For data analysis the ANCOVA was performed. Results: The results show that there were no significant differences in muscle function test, fat mass and fat percentage between the three groups(P>0.05). Muscle mass increased significantly after the training period in the IAT group and there was a significant difference between the IAT group and the other two groups(p < 0.05). Conclusion: Based on the results of this study, IAT may be a better choice than CAT to influence the muscle mass of breast cancer survivors. But both tow training methods have a limited effect on functional capacity, fat mass and fat percentage in breast cancer survivors, after 12 weeks of training period.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • aerobic training
  • Functional Capacity
  • Body Composition
  • breast cancer
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