تاثیر تمرین ترکیبی و بی‌تمرینی متعاقب آن بر سطوح آپلین در زنان دیابتی نوع دو

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی Released under CC BY 4.0 license I Open Access I


گروه فیزیولوژی ورزشی، دانشکده تربیت بدنی، دانشگاه صنعتی شاهرود، شاهرود، ایران



هدف: پژوهش حاضر با هدف بررسی تاثیر دوازده هفته تمرین ترکیبی و هشت هفته بی‌تمرینی متعاقب آن بر سطوح اپلین در زنان دیابتی نوع دو انجام‌شد. روش شناسی: در این مطالعه تجربی،30 زن دیابتی یائسه با دامنه سنی 50 تا 65 سال، دارای اضافه وزن (شاخص توده بدن: 835/0 ± 42/30 Kg/m2) به دو گروه تمرین (15 نفر) و کنترل (15 نفر) تقسیم شدند. گروه تمرین در یک برنامه تمرینی ترکیبی هوازی (50 تا 75 درصد حداکثر ضربان قلب ذخیره) و مقاومتی (50 تا 75 درصد یک تکرار بیشینه) به مدت دوازده هفته به تمرین پرداختند و پس از آن هشت  هفته بی‌تمرینی را تجربه کردند. خونگیری قبل از شروع تمرینات، 48 ساعت بعد از آخرین جلسه تمرین و بعد از دوره بی‌تمرینی انجام و مقادیر آپلین، انسولین سرم خون، قند خون ناشتا و درصد چربی بدن اندازه‌گیری شد. داده‌ها با استفاده از آنالیز واریانس با اندازه‌گیری مکرر تحلیل شدند. یافته‌ها: سطح سرمی آپلین در گروه تمرین در پایان دوره تمرین افزایش معنادار یافته بود (04/0=p) و در دوره بی­تمرینی نیز کاهش معنادار یافته بود (001/0=p)، همچنین این تغییرات به نسبت گروه کنترل نیز معنادار بود (016/0=p). سطح قند خون و انسولین ناشتا نیز در گروه تمرین نسبت به کنترل کاهش معناداری در پایان دوره تمرین و بی‌تمرینی داشت (001/0=p). نتیجه‌گیری: به نظر می‌رسد تمرین ترکیبی موجب افزایش آپلین می‌شود و بی‌تمرینی نیز می‌تواند تا حدودی اثرات مثبت تمرین را در این مورد تخریب کند.


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effect of combined training and subsequent detraining on plasma apelin levels in women with type 2 diabetes

نویسندگان [English]

  • Adel Donyaei
  • Fatemeh Shabani
  • farhad gholami
Department of Sports Physiology, Faculty of Physical Education, Shahrood University of Technology, Shahrood, Iran
چکیده [English]

Aim: The present study aimed to investigate the effect of twelve weeks of combined training and subsequent eight weeks of detraining on apelin levels in type 2 diabetic women.  Methods: In this experimental study, 30 postmenopausal diabetic women with an age range of 50 to 65 years, overweight (body mass index: 30.42 ± 0.835 Kg / m2) were divided into experimental (n=15) and control (n=15) groups. The experimental group trained for a 12 weeks. Training program (3 sessions per week) according to the combined aerobic program ( 50 to 75  percent of the maximum reserve heart rate) and then resistance training ( 50 to 75 percent of one maximum repetition) and then experienced three weeks of detraining. The apelin level, insulin, fasting blood sugar, insulin resistance, and percent body fat were measured. Data were analyzed by repeated measure ANOVA at a significance level of (p>0.05). Results: Serum Aplin level in the training group increased significantly at the end of the training period (p = 0.04) and decreased significantly in the detraining period (p = 0.001). Also, these changes compared to the control group was significant (p = 0.016). Fasting blood sugar and insulin levels in the training group compared to the control had a significant decrease at the end of the training and detraining period (p = 0.001). Conclusion: Combined exercise seems to increase aplin and detraining can partially destroy the positive effects of exercise in this regard.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Apelin
  • Detraining
  • combined training.diabetes
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دوره 9، شماره 2
این شماره در دست تکمیل می باشد.
شهریور 1401
  • تاریخ دریافت: 06 خرداد 1401
  • تاریخ بازنگری: 13 مرداد 1401
  • تاریخ پذیرش: 14 شهریور 1401
  • تاریخ اولین انتشار: 14 شهریور 1401