تاثیر هشت هفته تمرین ورزشی ترکیبی بر مقادیر لپتین و آدیپونکتین پلاسمای پسران چاق

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی Released under CC BY 4.0 license I Open Access I

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکترای فیزیولوژی ورزش، پژوهشگاه تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی. تهران، ایران.

2 استادیار فیزیولوژی ورزشی، گروه فیزیولوژی ورزشی، پژوهشگاه تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، تهران، ایران.

3 استاد فیزیولوژی ورزشی، دانشکده تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه خوارزمی، تهران، ایران.

4 استادیار فیزیولوژی ورزشی، گروه فیزیولوژی ورزشی، پژوهشگاه تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، تهران، ایران

10.22049/jahssp.2021.27330.1372

چکیده

هدف: آدیپوسیتوکین‌ها نقش مهمی در کنترل هومئوستاز انرژی و فرآیندهای متابولیکی مختلف مربوط به چاقی دارند. لذا، هدف از مطالعه حاضر، بررسی تاثیر 8 هفته تمرین ورزشی ترکیبی بر سطوح لپتین و آدیپونکتین پلاسمای پسران چاق بود. روش شناسی: 40 پسر چاق (46/0 ± 7/12 ساله، با وزن 19/10 ± 46/78 کیلوگرم، قد 16/8 ± 7/161 سانتی‌متر و چربی بدن 30/4 ± 04/33 درصد) به دو گروه تمرین ورزشی ترکیبی و کنترل تقسیم شدند. آزمودنی های گروه تمرین ترکیبی در یک برنامه ترکیبی هوازی (30 دقیقه) و مقاومتی (یک نوبت از 7 حرکت مقاومتی)، 3 جلسه در هفته برای 8 هفته شرکت کردند، در حالی‌که گروه کنترل هیچ فعالیت ورزشی منظمی نداشتند و به فعالیت های معمول روزانه خود ادامه دادند.  قبل و پس از برنامه تمرین ورزشی، توده بدن، چربی بدن، سطوح لپتین، آدیپونکتین پلاسما اندازه‌گیری شد. داده ها با استفاده از تی مستقل و تی زوجی مقایسه شدند. یافته‌ها: مقایسه بین گروهی نشان داد که درصد چربی بدن (42/0 = P)، وزن بدن (88/0 = P) و سطح پلاسمایی لپتین (065= P) پس از تمرینات ورزشی ترکیبی تغییر معنی داری نداشت؛ با این حال، سطح آدیپونکتین پلاسما ( 001/0 = P) و نسبت آدیپونکتین به درصد چربی بدن (014/0 = P) در پاسخ به تمرین ورزشی ترکیبی افزایش معنی داری داشت. نتیجه‌گیری: نتایج نشان داد که 8 هفته تمرین ورزشی ترکیبی سطح آدیپونکتین پلاسما را در چاقی دوران کودکی افزایش می دهد. بعلاوه، فعالیت بدنی منظم بدون تغییرات همزمان در سطح ترکیب بدن، تاثیر معنی داری بر سطح لپتین نداشت.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effect of 8-weeks of Combined Exercise Training on Plasma Leptin and Adiponectin levels in Obese Boys

نویسندگان [English]

  • Ali Akbar Jahandideh 1
  • Hadi Rohani 2
  • Hamid Rajabi 3
  • Mohammad Shariatzade Joneidi 4
1 PhD student in sports physiology, Institute of Physical Education and Sports Sciences. Tehran Iran.
2 Assistant Professor of Sports Physiology, Department of Sports Physiology, Institute of Physical Education and Sports Sciences, Tehran, Iran
3 Professor of Sports Physiology, Faculty of Physical Education and Sports Sciences, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran.
4 Assistant Professor of Exercise Physiology, Department of Exercise Physiology, Sport Sciences Research Institute, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

Aim: Adipocytokines play an important role in controlling energy homeostasis, and in various metabolic processes related to obesity.  Therefore, the aim of the present study is to investigate the effects of 8-week of combined exercise training on plasma leptin and adiponectin levels in obese boys.
Methods: A total of 40 obese boys (age: 12.7±0.46 years, weight 78.46±10.19 kg, height 161.72±8.16 cm, and body fat 33.04±4.30 %) were divided into two combined exercise training (CT) and control groups. Subjects in the CT group participated in a combined aerobic (30 min) and resistance (one set of 7 resistance exercises) training program 3 times/week for 8 weeks, whereas those in the control group had no regular exercise and continued their routine daily activities. Body mass, body fat, plasma leptin and adiponectin levels were measured before and after the training program.  The data were compared using Paired and ‌independent t-test.
Results: The between-group comparison showed that body fat percentage (P=0.42), body weight (P=0.88) and plasm leptin level (P=0.065) did not change significantly after combined exercise training; however, plasma adiponectin level (P=0.001) and adiponectin/ body fat (%) ratio (P= 0.014) increased significantly in response to combined exercise training.
Conclusion: The results indicated that eight-week combined exercises training increased plasma adiponectin level in childhood obesity. Furthermore, regular physical activity without simultaneous changes in body composition level had no significant effect on leptin level.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Obesity
  • Exercise
  • Leptin
  • adiponectin
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