تاثیر یک هفته اقامت در ارتفاع بالا بر شاخص های ریوی مردان کوهنورد غیر حرفه ای

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی Released under CC BY 4.0 license I Open Access I

نویسندگان

1 استاد گروه تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشکده علوم تربیتی و روانشناسی، دانشگاه محقق اردبیلی، اردبیل، ایران.

2 ، گروه تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی ،دانشکده علوم تربیتی و روانشناسی، دانشگاه محقق اردبیلی، اردبیل. ایران

3 دانشیار گروه تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشکده علوم تربیتی و روانشناسی، دانشگاه محقق اردبیلی، اردبیل، ایران.

4 استادیار گروه تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشکده علوم تربیتی و روانشناسی، دانشگاه محقق اردبیلی، اردبیل، ایران.

5 گروه تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی ، دانشکده علوم تربیتی و روانشناسی،دانشگاه محقق اردبیلی، اردبیل. ایران

10.22049/jahssp.2021.14295

چکیده

هدف:  هیپوکسی و هیپوکاپنیا در انسان می ­تواند باعث انقباض برونش شده و عملکرد فرد را در ارتفاع بالا تحت تأثیر قرار دهد. این امر می­ تواند در افراد غیر­بومی و کوهنوردان غیرحرفه ­ای مشکل آفرین باشد. هدف تحقیق حاضر تاثیر یک هفته اقامت در ارتفاع 3600 متر بالاتر از سطح دریا بر شاخص ­های ریوی مردان کوهنورد غیر­حرفه ­ای بود. روش­ شناسی: در این پژوهش نیمه تجربی، 10 کوهنورد از امدادگران جمعیت هلال احمر اردبیل با میانگین سنی ( 78/4 ± 6/28 ) سال شرکت کردند. شاخص­ های عملکرد ریوی، فشار خون و ضربان قلب در سطح مبنای 1400 متری، پس از صعود به ارتفاع 3600 متری و پس از یک هفته اقامت در ارتفاع اندازه­گیری شدند. داده­­ها با استفاده از آزمون تحلیل کواریانس با اندازه­گیری تکراری در سطح معنی­داری 05/0>P مورد بررسی قرار گرفت. یافته ­ها: نتایج تحقیق حاضر نشان داد حداکثر جریان بازدمی PEF (04/0 =p) و فشار خون (022/0=p) پس از صعود و یک هفته اقامت در ارتفاع 3600متری به طور معنی ­داری کاهش یافتند. همچنین  FEV1/FVC پس از صعود به ارتفاع بالا افزایش معنی­ داری داشت (04/0=p). تغییر معنی ­داری در سایر شاخص­ های اندازه ­گیری شده مشاهده نشد (05/0

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effect of One Week Living at High Altitude on Pulmonary Indices in Nonprofessional Male Climbers

نویسندگان [English]

  • Marefat Siakkohian 1
  • Ali Azarnia 2
  • Lotfali Bolboli 3
  • Ameneh Pourrahim Ghouroghchi 4
  • Ensieh Yazdkhasti 5
1 Professor, Department of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Faculty of Educational Sciences and Psychology, Mohaghegh Ardabili University, Ardabil, Iran.
2 , Department of Physical Education & Sport Science,,university of mohagheghe ardabili, Ardabil,Iran.
3 Associate Professor, Department of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Faculty of Educational Sciences and Psychology, Mohaghegh Ardabili University, Ardabil, Iran.
4 Professor Assistant of Physical Education and Sport Sciences department, Faculty of Educational Sciences and Psychology, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran.
5 Department of Physical Education & Sport Science, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran
چکیده [English]

Aim: Both hypoxia and hypocapnia can cause broncho-constriction in humans, and this could have a bearing on performance at high altitude. This can be a problem for non-natives and non-professional climbers. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of one-week stay at a height above 3600 m of sea level on the pulmonary indexes of men non-professional climber. Methodology: Ten non-professional climbers from Ardabil Red Crescent Society (with an average age of 28.6±4.78) voluntarily participated in this semi-experimental study. Pulmonary function indices, blood pressure and heart rate were measured at the baseline level of 1400 m, after climbing to an altitude of 3600 m and then after a week of staying at an altitude. Data were analyzed using analysis of covariance with repeated measures at a significance level of P<0.05. Conclusion: These findings might underlie “live high” strategy prescription for ergogenic aids as well as hypertension control.  However, more firm conclusion warrants to be verified in future studies.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • altitude
  • spirometry
  • climber
  • Lung Function
  1.  

    1. Rolan T. Neurology and altitude illness. Neurology: Clinical Practice. 2015;5(2):102-7.
    2. San T, Polat S, Cingi C, Eskiizmir G, Oghan F, Cakir B. Effects of high altitude on sleep and respiratory system and theirs adaptations. The Scientific World Journal. 2013;2013.
    3. West J, Schoene R, Luks A, Milledge J. High altitude medicine and physiology 5E: CRC press; 2019.
    4. Azali Alamdari K, Bashiri J. Effects of hypobaric endurance training on graded exercise induced lymphocyte mobilization, senescence and their surface thiol levels in elite male athletes. International Journal of Applied Exercise Physiology. 2018;7(1):48-55.
    5. Azali Alamdari K, Rohani HJIJoE, Metabolism. Effects of normobaric and hypobaric endurance training on metabolic risk factors in midlife men. IJEM. 2015;17(2):113-23.
    6. Moghadasi M, Keshavarz MJ, Rahimi E. Effect of different intensities of aerobic exercise on urinary excretion of sodium, potassium and urea in hypoxia and normoxia conditions in young soccer players. Journal of Applied Health Studies in Sport Physiology. 2021;8(1):102-9.
    7. Tadibi V, Cheraghi S. Comparing Serum Orexin-A Levels Between Affected and Non-Affected People to Acute Mountain Sickness. J Journal of Applied Health Studies in Sport Physiology. 2020;7(1):91-6.
    8. Najafi L, Azizi M, Tahmasebi V. The effect of 6 weeks HIIT training in the conditions of hypoxia and normoxia on liver enzymes levels and lipid profiles in overweight women %J Journal of Applied Health Studies in Sport Physiology. 2016;3(2):56-63.
    9. Morad Pourian MR, Farid F. The effect of a mountaineering session at altitude of 2200 meters on arterial oxygen saturation and heart rate in teenage girls. J Journal of Applied Health Studies in Sport Physiology. 2017;4(1):19-27.
    10. Cheung SS, Ainslie PN. Advanced environmental exercise physiology: Human Kinetics; 2022.
    11. Mohammadi Mr, Mirdar S. Effect of inspiratory muscle training at high altitude on energy cost, arterial oxygen saturation and 1500m performance of national team's endurance runners. 2016.
    12. Parati G, Agostoni P, Basnyat B, Bilo G, Brugger H, Coca A, et al. Clinical recommendations for high altitude exposure of individuals with pre-existing cardiovascular conditions: A joint statement by the European Society of Cardiology, the Council on Hypertension of the European Society of Cardiology, the European Society of Hypertension, the International Society of Mountain Medicine, the Italian Society of Hypertension and the Italian Society of Mountain Medicine. European Heart Journal. 2018;39(17):1546-54.
    13. Dhar P, Sharma VK, Hota KB, Das SK, Hota SK, Srivastava RB, et al. Autonomic cardiovascular responses in acclimatized lowlanders on prolonged stay at high altitude: a longitudinal follow up study. PLoS One. 2014;9(1):e84274.
    14. West JB. Human responses to extreme altitudes. Integrative and comparative biology. 2006;46(1):25-34.
    15. Kovacs K, Lenténé Puskás A, Moravecz M, Rábai D, Bácsné Bába É. Institutional environment of students’ sports activities in Central Europe. HUNGARIAN EDUCATIONAL RESEARCH JOURNAL (HERJ). 2018;8(2):50-68.
    16. Jové ORL, Arce SC, Chávez RW, Alaniz A, Lancellotti D, Chiapella MN, et al. Spirometry reference values for an andean high-altitude population. Respiratory physiology & neurobiology. 2018;247:133-9.
    17. Qiu Y, Li M, Li S, Yang T, Liu Y, Zheng S, et al. Physiological responses to acute hypoxia and indictors of acute mountain sickness in males. International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Pathology. 2017;10(2):1466-76.
    18. Berntsen S, Bjertness E, Stigum H, Nafstad P. Lung function among 9-to 10-year-old Tibetan and Han Chinese schoolchildren living at different altitudes in Tibet. High altitude medicine & biology. 2013;14(1):31-6.
    19. Parati G, Bilo G, Faini A, Bilo B, Revera M, Giuliano A, et al. Changes in 24 h ambulatory blood pressure and effects of angiotensin II receptor blockade during acute and prolonged high-altitude exposure: a randomized clinical trial. European heart journal. 2014;35(44):3113-22.
    20. Schoene RB. Limits of human lung function at high altitude. Journal of Experimental Biology. 2001;204(18):3121-7.
    21. Sharma S, Brown B. Spirometry and Respiratory Muscle Function During Ascent to Higher Altitudes. The Annals of Respiratory Medicine. 2011;2(1):33.
    22. Hale T. Exercise physiology: a thematic approach: John Wiley & Sons; 2004.
    23. Lang S, Fischer R. Monitoring of expiratory flow rates and lung volumes during a high altitude expedition. Eur J Med Res. 2005;10:469-74.
    24. Işleyen G, Dağlioğlu Ö. The effect of aerobic exercise on pulmonary function and aerobic capacity in sedentary men. International Journal of Sport Exercise and Training Sciences-IJSETS. 2020;6(3):80-7.
    25. Moon RE, Camporesi EM. Clinical care at altered environmental pressure. Ronald D Miller Anesthesia 5th ed USA: Churchill Linivstone. 2000:2293-97.
    26. Valizadeh A, Faramoushi M, Rezaei M. Comparison of pulmonary function parameters changes at different altitudes in female athletes. Annals of Biological Research. 2012;3(3):1600-6.
    27. Mason NP, Barry PW, Pollard AJ, Collier DJ, Taub NA, Miller MR, et al. Serial changes in spirometry during an ascent to 5300m in the Nepalese Himalayas. High altitude medicine & biology. 2000;1(3):185-95.
    28. Sharma S, Brown B. Spirometry and respiratory muscle function during ascent to higher altitudes. Lung. 2007;185(2):113-21.
    29. Juárez SC, Bouscolet LT, Rangel LGG, Padilla RP. Maximum voluntary ventilation in a Mexican population living at 2240 m above sea level. Eur Respiratory Soc; 2015.
    30. Gaur P, Saini S, Ray K, Akunov A, Maripov A, Sharma SK, et al. Influence of altitude on pulmonary function: A comparative study on Indian and Kyrgyz healthy males. Def Life Sci J. 2020;5(1):3-9.
    31. Hussain M, Aslam M. Hypoxia and pulmonary acclimatisation at 4578 m altitude: the role of acetazolamide and dexamethasone. Journal-Pakistan Medical Association. 2003;53(10):451-8.
    32. Deboeck G, Moraine JJ, Naeije R. Respiratory muscle strength may explain hypoxia-induced decrease in vital capacity. Medicine and science in sports and exercise. 2005;37(5):754-8.