اثر یک دوره تمرینات تناوبی شدید (HIIT) بر مقادیر سرمی سلنوپروتئینP، شاخص های گلیسمی و ترکیب بدنی در زنان مبتلا به کبد چرب غیرالکلی

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی Released under CC BY 4.0 license I Open Access I

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار گروه فیزیولوژی ورزشی، گروه علوم ورزشی، دانشکده علوم تربیتی و روانشناسی، دانشگاه شهید مدنی آذربایجان، تبریز-ایران.

2 کارشناسی ارشد، گروه علوم ورزشی، دانشکده علوم تربیتی و روانشناسی، دانشگاه شهید مدنی آذربایجان، تبریز، ایران.

10.22049/jahssp.2021.27318.1367

چکیده

هدف: بی­تحرکی و عادت­های غذایی نادرست مهم­ترین عوامل دخیل در بروز بیماری کبد چرب غیر الکلی می­باشند. بنابراین بنا به اهمیت پیشگیری از بیماری­های متابولیکی هدف پژوهش حاضر بررسی اثر یک دوره تمرینات تناوبی شدید (HIIT) بر مقادیر سرمی سلنوپروتئینP، شاخص های گلیسمی و ترکیب بدنی در زنان بیمار مبتلا به کبد چرب غیرالکلی بود. روش شناسی: مطالعه حاضر از نوع نیمه تجربی که جامعه مورد مطالعه آن زنان مبتلا به کبد چرب غیر الکلی مراجعه کننده مراکز درمانی شهر تبریز بود که 25 نفر از آن­ها به روش نمونه گیری تصادفی در دو گروه تمرین(13 نفر) و گروه کنترل (12 نفر) تقسیم شدند. پروتکل تمرین تناوبی شدید به مدت 8 هفته و چهار جلسه در هفته و هر جلسه به مدت 60 دقیقه اجرا شد. نمونه­های خونی در شرایط پیش و پس آزمون به منظور اندازه گیری مقادیر سرمی سلنوپروتئینP  و دیگر متغیرها جمع آوری شد. تحلیل آماری داده­ها با استفاده از آزمون آماری تی همبسته و مستقل بوسیله نرم افزار spss نسخه 21 درسطح معنی­داری 05/0>p انجام شد. یافته‌ها: نتایج نشان داد بعد از هشت هفته تمرینات تناوبی شدید در گروه تمرین در مقایسه با گروه کنترل مقادیر سرمی سلنوپروتئینP، شاخص مقاومت انسولینی، درصد چربی بدن، شاخص توده بدن، نسبت دور کمر به لگن و وزن بدن کاهش معنی­داری داشته­اند. نتیجه‌گیری: به نظر می­رسد اجرای تمرینات اینتروال شدید  به عنوان یک راهکار مناسب برای بهبود سطوح سلنوپروتئینP، شاخص مقاومت انسولینی و شاخص­های ترکیب بدنی در بیماران مبتلا به کبد چرب غیرالکلی می­تواند پیشنهاد شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

The effect of high intensity interval training (HIIT) on serum levels of selenoprotein P and glycemic and body composition indices in women with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease

نویسندگان [English]

  • Bahloul Ghorbanian 1
  • Safa Egtesadi 2
1 Associate Professor of Sports Physiology, Department of Sports Sciences, Faculty of Educational Sciences and Psychology, Azerbaijan Shahid Madani University, Tabriz-Iran.
2 M.Sc, Department of Exercise Sciences, Faculty of Education and Psychology, Azarbaijan Shahid Madani University, Tabriz, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Aim:   Inactivity and incorrect eating habits are the most important factors in the prevalence of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. Therefore, due to the importance of preventing metabolic diseases, the aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of high intensity interval training (HIIT) on serum levels of selenoprotein P, glycemic and body composition indices in women with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. Methods:  The present study was a quasi-experimental study in which women with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, 25 of whom were randomly divided into two exercise (13) and control (12) group. The HIIT protocol was performed for 8 weeks and four sessions per week for 60 minutes each session. Blood samples were taken in pre and post-test to measure serum levels of selenoprotein P and other variables. Statistical analysis of data was performed by using paired and independent t-test by spss21 software at significant level of p <0.05. Results:   The results was showed that after eight weeks of HIIT in the training group compared to the control group, the amounts of selenoprotein , insulin resistance index, body fat percentage, BMI, WHR and body weight  decreased significantly. Conclusions:   It seems that HIITcan be suggested as a suitable strategy to improve the levels of selenoprotein P, insulin resistance and body composition indices in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • HIIT
  • selenoprotein P
  • Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver
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