بررسی اثرات فیزیولوژیکی (سیستم ایمنی) فعالیت ورزشی در اپیدمی 19- COVID ؛ با ارائه پروتکل تمرینی (مروری سیستماتیک)

نوع مقاله : مقاله مروری Released under CC BY 4.0 license I Open Access I

نویسندگان

1 استادیار، گروه تربیت بدنی، دانشگاه افسری امام علی (ع)، تهران، ایران.

2 استادیار، گروه تربیت بدنی، دانشگاه علوم انتظامی امین، تهران، ایران.

3 دانشجوی دکتری فیزیولوژی ورزشی، گروه فیزوولوژی ورزشی و حرکات اصلاحی، دانشگاه ارومیه، ارومیه، ایران.

10.22049/jahssp.2021.27301.1363

چکیده

هدف: کروناویروس‌ها خانواده بزرگی از ویروس‌ها هستند که بیماری‌های مختلفی را از سرماخوردگی معمولی گرفته تا سندرم حاد و شدید تنفسی یا همان سارس ایجاد می‌کنند. این ویروس بعد از شیوع در چین و برخی کشورها در ایران نیز گسترش یافت که باعث تعطیلی اماکن و مکان‌های فعالیت ورزشی گردید. این تعطیلی علارغم فوایدی که جهت جلوگیری از شیوع بیماری داشت، از طرفی دیگر عدم فعالیت بدنی باعث تضعیف سیستم ایمنی و شیوع بیماری‌های روانی می‌گردد. بنابراین هدف مطالعه حاضر بررسی اثرات فیزیولوژیکی فعالیت ورزشی در پاندمی کووید -19 می‌باشد. روش بررسی: در مطالعه حاضر با بررسی پایگاه‌های Pupmed ،SID،Google Scholar، Springer مطالعات مرتبط با تاثیر گذاری فعالیت ورزشی بر سیستم ایمنی و اطلاعات مربوط به کرونا ویروس انتخاب گردید. مطالب مقالات جمع بندی و گزارش گردید. یافته‌ها: با بررسی مطالعات صورت گرفته در زمینه تاثیر فعالیت ورزشی بر سیستم ایمنی مشخص گردید که فعالیت ورزشی با شدت متوسط بهترین راهکار برای افزایش پاسخ فاکتورهای سیستم ایمنی در پاندمی کووید-19 می‌باشد. نتیجه گیری: با توجه به بررسی‌های صورت گرفته به نظر می‌رسد انجام فعالیت‌های ورزشی یکی از را روش‌های تقویت کننده سیستم ایمنی نه تنها در شرایط ویروس کرونا می‌باشد، بلکه به عنوان یک روش موثر در پیشگیری برابر سایر بیماری‌های واگیر و غیر واگیر مورد استفاده قرار گیرد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Investigation of physiological effects (immune system) of Exercise in COVID-19 epidemic; By providing a training protocol (Systematic review)

نویسندگان [English]

  • Sajjad Mohammadyari 1
  • Hamdollah Hadi 2
  • Yousef Saberi 3
1 Assistant Professor, Department of Physical Education, Imam Ali (AS) University, Tehran, Iran.
2 Assistant Professor, Department of Physical Education, Amin University of Law Enforcement Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
3 . PhD Student in Sports Physiology, Department of Sports Physiology and Corrective Movements, Urmia University, Urmia, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Aim: Coronaviruses are a large family of viruses that cause a variety of illnesses, from the common cold to the acute respiratory distress syndrome, or SARS. The virus spread after the outbreak in China and some countries in Iran, which led to the closure of sports venues and places. This shutdown, despite its benefits to prevent the spread of the disease, on the other hand, lack of physical activity weakens the immune system and the spread of mental illness. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the physiological effects of exercise on the Covid-19 pandemic. Methods: In the present study, by examining the databases of Pupmed, SID, Google Scholar, Springer, studies related to the effect of exercise on the immune system and information related to coronavirus were selected. The contents of the articles were summarized and reported. Results: By examining the effects of exercise on the immune system, it was found that moderate-intensity exercise is the best way to increase the response of immune system factors in the Covid-19 pandemic. Conclusion: According to studies, it seems that exercise is one of the ways to strengthen the immune system not only in the case of coronavirus, but also as an effective method of prevention against other diseases. Infectious and non-infectious to be used.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Exercise
  • immune system
  • Covid-19
  • Training protocol
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دوره 8، شماره 1
فروردین 1400
صفحه 88-101
  • تاریخ دریافت: 17 خرداد 1400
  • تاریخ بازنگری: 09 مرداد 1400
  • تاریخ پذیرش: 10 مرداد 1400
  • تاریخ اولین انتشار: 10 مرداد 1400