اثرات حاد فعالیت هوازی و بی‌هوازی بر آدیپوکاین‌های خون و مولکول‌های چسبان عروقی در زنان جوان

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی Released under CC BY 4.0 license I Open Access I

نویسندگان

1 استادیار، گروه علوم ورزشی، واحد شیروان، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، شیروان، ایران

2 کارشناسی ارشد فیزیولوژی ورزشی، گروه علوم ورزشی، واحد بجنورد، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، بجنورد، ایران

10.22049/jassp.2020.26982.1335

چکیده

هدف: برخی مولکول های چسبان و آدیپوکاین­ها میانجی­های فرایندهای التهابی آتروسکلروتیک هستند و غلظت خونی این مواد با خطر بیماری قلبی عروقی ارتباط دارد. هدف از انجام این تحقیق بررسی تأثیر حاد دو نوع فعالیت هوازی (آزمون کوپر) و بی­هوازی (آزمون رست) بر سطوح ICAM1، VCAM1، ای سلکتین، پی سلکتین، ال سلکتین، اپلین، امنتین و فیبرینوژن بود. روش ­شناسی: 17 زن جوان چاق و سالم به طور تصادفی به دو گروه هوازی و بی­هوازی تقسیم شدند. قبل و بعد از اجرای آزمون­های مربوطه خونگیری از آنها به عمل آمد. از روش الایزا برای سنجش متغیرهای وابسته استفاده شد. یافته­ ها: تجزیه و تحلیل یافته ها نشان داد که فقط سطوح ال سلکتین پس از آزمون کوپر و سطوح فیبرینوژن پس از هر دو آزمون کاهش معنی داری داشتند (P≤0/05). بقیه متغیرها تغییرات درون گروهی معنی داری نداشتند، همچنین تغییرات هیچکدام از متغیرها بین دو گروه تفاوت معنی داری نداشت (P>0/05). نتیجه ­گیری: به طور کلی اجرای آزمون­های رست و کوپر باعث افزایش آدیپوکاین­ها و مولکول­های چسبان آتروژنیک در زنان جوان چاق نمی­ شود که می­ تواند پاسخ مطلوبی در جهت کاهش خطر حمله قلبی در حین ورزش باشد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Acute Effects of Aerobic and Anaerobic Activities on blood Adipokines and Vascular Adhesive Molecules in Young Women

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mohsen Jafari 1
  • Zahra Yekrangi 2
  • Mahboubeh Marhamati 2
  • Mahsa Reyhani 2
  • Hoori Karimi 2
1 Assistant Professor, Department of Sport Sciences, Shirvan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Shirvan, Iran
2 Msc of Exercise Physiology, Department of Sport Sciences, Bojnourd Branch, Islamic Azad University, Bojnourd, Iran
چکیده [English]

Aim: Some adhesion molecules and adipokines are mediators of atherosclerotic inflammatory processes and blood levels of these substances are related to cardiovascular disease risk. The aim of this study was to examine the acute effects of two types of aerobic (Cooper) and anaerobic (Rast) on levels of ICAM1, VCAM1, E-selectin, P-selectin, L-selectin, omentin, apelin and fibrinogen. Methods: 17 obese and healthy young females were randomly assigned into two groups of aerobic and anaerobic tests. Blood samples were taken before and after the tests. Elisa method was used for evaluation of dependent variables. Results: Analysis of data showed that only L-selectin levels after cooper test and fibrinogen levels after both tests decreased significantly (P≤0/05). Other variables had no significant inter group changes, also changes of all of variables between two groups were not significant (P>0/05). Conclusions: Overall, implementation of Rast and Cooper tests did not induce elevation of adipokines and atherogenic adhesion molecules in obese young females that may be a beneficial response for prevention of heart attack risk during exercise.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Rast
  • Cooper
  • Apelin
  • Omentin
  • Selectin
  1.  

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