مقایسه تأثیر تمرین مقاومتی سنتی و با انسداد جریان خون بر برخی شاخص‌های هورمونی آنابولیکی و کاتابولیکی مردان میانسال فعال

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری فیزیولوژی ورزشی، دانشکده تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه تبریز، تبریز، ایران

2 استاد یار، گروه فیزیولوژی ورزشی، دانشکده تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه تبریز، تبریز، ایران

3 دانشیار، گروه فیزیولوژی ورزشی، دانشکده تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه تبریز، تبریز، ایران

10.22049/jassp.2020.26833.1309

چکیده

هدف: به تازگی، استفاده از تمرین مقاومتی با انسداد جریان خون (BFR) به عنوان جایگزینی برای تمرینات مقاومتی سنگین برای افراد میانسال و سالمند توصیه شده است. لذا، هدف تحقیق حاضر مقایسه تأثیر تمرین مقاومتی با BFR و تمرین سنتی بر سطوح عوامل هورمونی آنابولیک و کاتابولیک در مردان میانسال فعال بود. روش­شناسی: در مطالعه نیمه‌تجربی حاضر 20 مرد میانسال فعال (2/53±47/65 سال) داوطلب انتخاب و به صورت تصادفی در دو گروه تمرین مقاومتی با انسداد جریان خون (BFR) و تمرین سنتی قرار گرفتند. 4 هفته‌ تمرین مقاومتی گروه BFR شامل حرکت جلو پا و پرس پا با شدت 20 درصد 1-RM، یک ست 30 تکراری و 2 ست 15 تکراری و گروه تمرین مقاومتی سنتی شامل همان حرکات با شدت 80 درصد 1-RM در سه ست 10 تکراری بود اجرا کردند. نمونه‌های خونی قبل، بلافاصله بعد (برای هورمون‌های تستوسترون و کورتیزول و لاکتات) و 24 ساعت پس از آخرین جلسه تمرینی (برای هورمون رشد و عامل رشد شبه انسولینی–1) اخذ شد. داده‌ها با آزمون‌های آماری تحلیل واریانس و تی مستقل در سطح معنی‌داری کمتر از 0/05 آنالیز شدند. یافته­ ها: افزایش غلظت استراحتی هورمون رشد و IGF-I سرمی پس از پروتکل تحقیق معنی‌داری بود و تفاوت معنی‌داری بین دو گروه وجود نداشت.  با این حال، تمرین مقاومتی با BFR و تمرین سنتی باعث تغییر معنی‌داری در غلظت کورتیزول و تستوسترون نشد. نتیجه­ گیری: بر اساس نتایج به نظر می‌رسد احتمالاً استفاده از تمرینات مقاومتی با BFR طی دوره میانسالی نسبت به تمرین مقاومتی سنتی دارای به لحاظ پاسخ و سازگاری عوامل هورمونی آنابولیک دارای برتری نمی‌باشد، اما به لحاظ اجرا ممکن است بهتر باشد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effect of Traditional Resistance Training and with Blood Flow Restriction on Anabolic and Catabolic Hormonal Markers in Active Males

نویسندگان [English]

  • Farid Pakzad Hasanlou 1
  • Javad Vakili 2
  • Saeed Nikokheslat 3
1 PhD student in Exercise Physiology, Department of Exercise Physiology, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Science, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran.
2 Assistant Professor, Department of Exercise Physiology, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Science, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran
3 Associate Professor, Department of Exercise Physiology, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Science, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Aim: Recently, the use of resistance training with restricted blood flow (BFR) has been recommended as an alternative to heavy resistance training for middle-aged and elderly people. Therefore, the aim of this research was to evaluate the effect of age and status of resistance training on basal levels of anabolic and catabolic hormones in middle-age active male.  Methods: In this semi-experimental study design, 20 middle-aged active men (age 47.65±2.53 years) were selected. Subjects were randomly divided into two groups of resistance training with and without BFR. Subjects in the 4-week BFR group performed knee extension and leg press at 20% 1-RM intensity, one 30 repetition set and 2 sets of 15 repetitions, and the non-BFR training group performed the same movements at 80% 1-RM intensity in three sets with 10 repetitions. Blood samples were also taken to measure testosterone and cortisol, growth hormone and insulin-like growth factor-1. Finally, Data were analyzed by analyses of variance and independent T test. The significance level was set at p < 0.05. Results: Resting concentrations of growth hormone, and IGF-I increased significantly after four weeks of resistance training with and without BFR. There was no different between resistance training with and without BFR in growth hormone and IGF-I. However, four weeks of resistance training with and without BFR did not significantly change testosterone and cortisol concentration.  Conclusions: Based on the results, it seems likely that the use of resistance training with BFR during middle age is not superior to traditional resistance training in terms of response and adaptation to anabolic hormonal factors, but may be better in terms of implementation.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Anabolic
  • Catabolism
  • Blood Flow Occlusion
  • Hormone
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