مقایسه آثاربلند مدت و حاد تمرینات هوازی تداومی و تناوبی با شدت بالا (HIIT) بر شاخص‌های التهاب عروقی(ICAM-1 ,E-selectin) در مردان غیرفعال دارای اضافه وزن

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 گروه فیزیولوژی ورزشی، دانشکده تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی- پردیس دانشگاهی، دانشگاه گیلان، رشت، ایران

2 استاد، گروه فیزیولوژی ورزشی، داشکده تربیت بدنی وعلوم ورزشی، دانشگاه گیلان، رشت، ایران.

3 دانشیار، گروه فیزیولوژی ورزشی، دانشکده علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه رازی، کرمانشاه، ایران

چکیده

مولکول‌های چسبان شاخص‌های نوینی هستند که به‌عنوان یکی از حلقه‌های ارتباط چاقی، کم‌تحرکی، و بیماری‌های قلبی عروقی مورد تأکید قرارگرفته‌اند. لذا به‌منظور بررسی تأثیر 8 هفته تمرین هوازی به دو شیوه تداومی و تناوبی با شدت بالا (HIIT)4 ، 36 نفر آزمودنی داوطلب از جامعه آماری افراد چاق کم‌تحرک با سن، درصد چربی و وزن (83/1±83/24سال، 48/1±85/33 درصد، 66/3±9/91 کیلوگرم) انتخاب و به ‌صورت تصادفی به دو گروه تجربی و یک گروه کنترل تقسیم شدند. برنامه‌های تمرین شامل 8 هفته تمرین هوازی تداومی با شدت 65 تا 75 درصد ضربان قلب بیشینه و تناوبی به‌صورت 4 ست در هر جلسه (شدت کار 70 تا 95 درصد HRmax) اجرا شد. خون‌گیری در سه مرحله شامل، پیش از آغاز، 48 ساعت پس از خاتمه دوره تمرین و بلافاصله پس از یک جلسه تمرین، صورت گرفت. داده‌ها با استفاده از آزمون آماری آنالیز واریانس با اندازه‌گیری‌های مکرر 3×3 در سطح معنی‌داری 05/0 P < تجزیه‌وتحلیل شدند. نتایج نشان داد که مقادیر ICAM-1 و E-selectin در گروه هوازی تداومی به ترتیب به میزان 7/3 و 13/6 درصد به‌صورت معنی‌دار و در گروه HIITکاهش ICAM-1 به میزان 01/5 درصد به‌صورت معنی‌دار و کاهش E-Selectin به میزان 3/0 در صد غیر معنی دار بود. تمرین ورزشی هوازی تداومی و HIIT به نحو مشابهی موجب کاهش ICAM-1 اما کاهش E-Selectin در گروه HIIT برخلاف گروه تداومی معنادار نبود. یک جلسه تمرین حاد، تغییری در میزان متغیرها در هیچکدام از گروهها ایجاد نکرد. نتایج پژوهش نشان داد که تمرین تداومی مولکول‌های چسبان را به نحو مؤثرتری کاهش می‌دهد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Comparison of the chronic and acute effects of aerobic continuous and high interval intensity training (HIIT) on vascular inflammation indices (ICAM-1, E-Selectin) in sedentary overweight men

نویسندگان [English]

  • Kamran Ghodrati 1
  • Bahman Mirzaei 2
  • Vahid Tadibi 3
1 Department of exercise physiology, Campus, Guilan University, Rasht, Iran
2 Professor, Department of Sport Physiology, School of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, University of Guilan, Rasht, Iran.
3 Associate Professor, Department of Sport Physiology, Faculty of Sport Sciences, Razi University, Kermanshah, Iran
چکیده [English]

Adhesion moleculs are new indices that have been emphasesed as a communication loops among obesity, sedentary and cardiovascular deaseas. So for the study of the effect of 8 weeks of aerobic training with two forms of continous and HIIT, sedentary overweight volunteear men with age , % BF and weight(24/83±1/83 ,33/58±1/48,91.9±3/66) were randomly divided to two experimental and control groups. The training programs consist for 8 weeks with 65 to 75 %HRmax in a continuous group and interval group preformed 4 set/days with (work) 70 to 95 %HRmax. The blood sampling was preformed after 12 fasting hours in three stages consist of baseline, 48 h after 8 weeks of training and immediately after one session of caute exercise. Resulting data were analyzed by ANOVA with repeated measure 3×3 and post hoc Tukey test (α= 0.05). The finding showed that ICAM1 and E-selectins values in continuous group decreased respectively 3.7 and 6.13 percent significantly and in HIIT group ICAMI decreased as 5.01 percent significantly and E-Selectin decreased 0.3 insignificantly p

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • aerobic training
  • high interval intensity training
  • vascular inflammation
  • ICAM-1
  • E-selectin
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