تاثیر مکمل یاری سیترولین مالات و تمرین تناوبی با شدت بالا بر سطوح سرمی نیتریک اکساید و عملکرد کشتی گیران مرد نخبه

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد فیزولوژی ورزشی، گروه فیزولوژی ورزشی، دانشکده علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه رازی، کرمانشاه ایران.

2 استادیار فیزولوژی ورزشی، گروه فیزولوژی ورزشی، دانشکده علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه رازی، کرمانشاه- ایران.

چکیده

زمینه و هدف: هدف از پژوهش حاضر بررسی اثر شش هفته تمرین تناوبی با شدت بالا (HIIT) و مکمل سیترولین مالات (CM) بر سطوح نیتریک اکساید (NO) و عملکرد ورزشی در کشتی گیران نخبه بود. روش تحقیق: در یک طرح پیش آزمون-پس آزمون با گروه کنترل دارونما، 28 ورزشکار مرد نخبه کشتی (سن، 4/2±9/21 سال؛ قد، 8/3±5/174 سانتی متر) به طور تصادفی به سه گروه CM، دارونما و کنترل تقسیم شدند، هر سه گروه 6 هفته برنامه HIIT را بر اساس تکنیک‌های کشتی انجام دادند. ترکیب بدن و توان بی هوازی و هوازی آزمودنی‌ها قبل و بعد از 6 هفته برنامه HIIT اندازه‌گیری شد و نمونه‌ خون وریدی استراحتی قبل و بعد از تمرین نیز گرفته شد. یافته‌ها: نتایج آماری افزایش NO گروه مکمل+تمرین را در مقایسه با گروه دارونما+تمرین (033/0P=) و تمرین (030/0P=) را نشان داد. شاخص‌های توان بی‌هوازی بالا تنه بین گروه مکمل+ تمرین با گروه تمرین اختلاف معنادار نشان داد (022/0P=) و بین سایر گروه‌ها تفاوت معناداری مشاهده نشد (05/0P>). همچنین داده‌های ترکیب بدنی در سه گروه بجز در شاخص FFM اختلاف معناداری نشان ندادند (05/0P>). نتیجه‌گیری : مصرف روزانه CM به همراه شش هفته برنامه HIIT باعث افزایش NO و افزایش توان بی هوازی بالا تنه کشتی گیران نخبه مرد در مقایسه با اجرای برنامه HIIT به تنهایی شد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Simultaneous Effect of Citrulline Malate Supplementation and HIIT Exercise Training on Nitric Oxide Serum Levels and Performance in Elite Male Wrestlers

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mehrdad Moradi 1
  • Worya Tahmasebi 2
  • Mohamad Azizi 2
1 Student of Sport Physiology, Department of Sport Physiology, Faculty of Sport Sciences, Razi University, Kermanshah Iran.
2 Assistant Professor of Sport Physiology, Department of Sport Physiology, Faculty of Sport Sciences, Razi University, Kermanshah, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Background: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of six weeks of High intensity interval training (HIIT) program and citrulline malate (CM) supplement on nitric oxide levels and exercise performance in elite wrestlers. Materials and Methods: In a randomized, placebo-controlled design, 28 elite males’ wrestlers (age, 21.9±2.4 y; height 174.5±3.8 cm) were randomly assigned to CM+training, placebo+training and training, while also all groups participating in 6 weeks of HIIT based on wrestling techniques. Participants completed testing sessions for body composition and aerobic and anaerobic tests before and after 6 weeks of HIIT program. Venous blood samples were obtained before and after 6 weeks. Results: Nitric Oxide level after six weeks of HIIT and CM supplementation showed significant increase comparing to placebo+training (P=0.001) and training (P=0.035) groups. There is no significant difference between other groups for NO (P> 0.05). There was a significant difference between upper body anaerobic power (peak power, Mean power and fatigue index) of CM group and placebo group (P=0.22), and there was no significant difference between the other groups (P>0.05). Among all body composition data after six week HIIT just FFM of CM+training group showed significant increase comparing placebo and training group (P<0.05). Conclusion: Daily CM supplementation during six weeks of HIIT training increases serum NO levels and upper body anaerobic power in elite male wrestlers comparing HIIT alone.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • HIIT program
  • L-Citrulline
  • NO
  • Wingate Test
  • L-Argenin
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