تاثیر تمرین تناوبی شدید (HIIT) بر آدیپونکتین سرمی، مقاومت به انسولین و شاخص‌های سندروم متابولیک در مردان مبتلا به سندروم متابولیک

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار گروه فیزیولوژی ورزشی، دانشکده علوم تربیتی و روانشناسی، دانشگاه شهید مدنی آذربایجان، تبریز، ایران

2 دکتری گروه فیزیولوژی ورزشی، دانشکده تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه تبریز، تبریز، ایران

3 کارشناس ارشد گروه فیزیولوژی ورزشی، دانشکده تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه تبریز، تبریز، ایران

چکیده

هدف از پژوهش حاضر بررسی تأثیر تمرین تناوبی شدید بر سطوح آدیپونکتین، مقاومت به انسولین و شاخص‌های سندروم متابولیک در مردان مبتلا به سندروم متابولیک می‌باشد. 22 نفر مرد مبتلا به سندروم متابولیک به‌طور تصادفی به دو گروه HIIT (12 نفر) و کنترل (10 نفر) تقسیم شدند. گروه HIIT به مدت هشت هفته و سه جلسه در هر هفته 6-12 وهله فعالیت شدید با شدت 80-85 درصد ضربان قلب ذخیره به مدت 2 دقیقه و استراحت فعال با شدت 50 درصد به مدت 2 دقیقه درصد حداکثر ضربان قلب ذخیره و مدت 25-60 دقیقه تمرین کرد. در حالت پایه و 48 ساعت پس از آخرین جلسه تمرینی نمونه‌های خون جمع‌آوری و سطوح آدیپونکتین، انسولین، گلوکز و نیمرخ لیپیدی به روش الایزا اندازه‌گیری شد. از آزمون t همبسته برای تحلیل داده‌ها استفاده و سطح معنی‌داری 05/0 در نظر گرفته‌ شد. تحلیل داده‌ها نشان داد، تمرین HIIT باعث افزایش معنی‌دار سطوح آدیپونکتین و HDL می‌شود (05/0P˂)، همچنین، تمرین HIIT باعث کاهش وزن بدن، دور کمر، BMI، متوسط فشارخون، گلوکز و مقاومت به انسولین شد (05/0P˂). با این‌حال تمرین HIIT تأثیر معنی‌داری بر انسولین نداشت (05/0P>). به‌طورکلی، تمرین HIIT با افزایش آدیپونکتین، بهبود مقاومت به انسولین و شاخص‌های خطر سندروم متابولیک، نقش مهمی را به‌عنوان راهکار درمانی مؤثر برای بیماران سندروم متابولیک ایفا می‌کند.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

The effect of high intensity interval training on serum adiponectin, insulin resistance and markers of metabolic syndrome in men with metabolic syndrome

نویسندگان [English]

  • karim َAzali Alamdari 1
  • Mostafa Armanfar 2
  • Orhan Khodaei 3
1 Associate professor, Department of Sport Sciences, Faculty of Education and Psychology, Azarbaijan Shahid Madani University, Tabriz, Iran.
2 PhD, Department of Exercise Physiology, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Science, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran.
3 MSc, Department of Exercise Physiology, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Science, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran.
چکیده [English]

The aim of the present study is to investigate the effect of high intensity interval training on levels of adiponectin, insulin resistance and markers of metabolic syndrome in men with metabolic syndrome. Twenty two male with metabolic syndrome were randomly divided into two groups including high intensity interval training (HIIT) (n=12) and Control (n=10). HIIT group were trained 3 sessions/wk for eight weeks at 6-12 intense exercise with intensity 80-85% heart rate reserve for 2 minutes and active rest for 2 minutes at 50 percent of maximum heart rate for 25-60 minutes for 25-60 minutes. Blood samples were collected at baseline as well as 48 hrs after the last training session, followed by measuring adiponectin. Insulin, glucose and lipid profile levels by ELISA. Paired t test has used to data analysis; the level of significance has been consider at P≤0.05. Data analysis showed, high intensity interval training (HIIT) significantly increased the Serum level of adiponectin and HDL (p˂0.05). Also, high intensity interval training (HIIT) significantly reduced body weight, waist circumference, BMI, mean blood pressure, glucose, and insulin resistance (p˂0.05). However, there were no effects on insulin (P>0.05). In general, high intensity interval training (HIIT) with increase adiponectin levels, improve insulin resistance and risk markers of metabolic syndrome, plays an important role as an effective therapeutic strategy for patients with metabolic syndrome.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • High intensity interval training (HIIT)
  • adiponectin
  • Insulin resistance
  • metabolic syndrome

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