اثر حاد فعالیت هوازی فزاینده با دست و پا بر پاسخ ضربان قلب و فشارخون بازیافت در دختران فعال و غیرفعال

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 گروه فیزیولوژی ورزش، دانکشده علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه شهید چمران، اهواز، ایران

2 گروه فیزیولوژی ورزشی، دانشکده علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه شهید چمران اهواز،ا یران

3 گروه فیزیولوژی ورزشی، دانشکده علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه شهید چمران، اهواز، ایران

چکیده

چکیده
ضربان قلب ریکاوری یک روش غیر تهاجمی برای ارزیابی تنظیم اتونوم قلبی می‌باشد. هدف از این مطالعه بررسی اثر حاد فعالیت هوازی فزاینده با دست و پا بر پاسخ ضربان قلب و فشارخون بازیافت در دختران فعال و غیرفعال بود.
براساس اکسیژن مصرفی بیشینه، 12 آزمودنی‌ در دوگروه فعال (6 نفر) و غیرفعال (6 نفر) قرار گرفتند و طی روزهای مجزا، هر دو آزمون هوازی فزاینده را روی کارسنج دستی و پایی مونارک تا رسیدن به واماندگی اجراکردند. سپس مقادیر ضربان قلب (قبل،30 ثانیه، 1، 2 و3 دقیقه بعد از فعالیت) و فشارخون سیستول (قبل،30 ثانیه،3 و30 دقیقه بعد از فعالیت) اندازه‌گیری گردید. جهت تحلیل آماری داده‌ها از تحلیل کوواریانس در سطح معنا‌داری 05/0 استفاده شد.
متعاقب اجرای هر دو پروتکل، گروه فعال بازیافت ضربان قلب و فشارخون سریع تری را در مقایسه با گروه غیرفعال نشان داد، اما این تغییرات معنا دار نبود (05/0<P). تنها در دقیقه سوم ریکاوری، پس از فعالیت فزاینده با پا، تفاوت معناداری در ضربان قلب ریکاوری بین دختران فعال و غیرفعال وجود داشت (029/0=P).
به طور خلاصه، پاسخ بدنی دختران فعال به ریکاوری شاخص‎های بازیافت، متعاقب اجرای فعالیت هوازی با هر دو اندام تحتانی و فوقانی بهتر از دختران غیرفعال بود هر چند این تفاوت معنادار نبود.

واژه‌های کلیدی: فعالیت هوازی، ریکاوری ضربان قلب، ریکاوری فشارخون سیستولی

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Acute effect of incremental aerobic exercise with arm and leg on response of heart rate and blood pressure recovery in active and inactive girls

نویسندگان [English]

  • Atefeh Haram Baf 1
  • Masoud Nikbakht 2
  • Abdalhamid Habibi 3
1 Dept of Sport physiology, Faculty of Sport Science, shahid chamran university, Ahvaz, iran
2 Dept of Sport physiology, Faculty of Sport Science, shahid chamran university, Ahvaz, iran
3 Dept of Sport physiology, Faculty of Sport Science, shahid chamran university, Ahvaz, iran
چکیده [English]

Abstract
Heart rate recovery is a non-invasive method for evaluating cardiac autonomic regulation. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of acute incremental aerobic exercise with arm and leg on heart rate and blood pressure recovery in active and inactive girls.
Based on the VO2max, 12 subjects were divided in two groups: active (n=6) and inactive (n=6), and in different days, performed both incremental aerobic exercise tests on Monarch arm and leg ergometers, until exhaustion. for leg and for arm. Then, heart rate (before, 30 seconds, 1, 2 and 3 minutes after activity) and systolic blood pressure values (before, 30 seconds, 3 and 30 minutes after activity) were measured. To analyze the statistical data analyze of covariance at level of P ≤ 0/05 was used.
Following both protocols, the active group showed faster heart rate and blood pressure recovery, compared to inactive group, although these changes were not significant (P> 0/05).Only in the third minute of recovery, after incremental exercise with leg, there was a significant difference in the recovery heart rate between active and inactive girls (P =0.029).
In short, the physical response of active girls to recovery indexes, following aerobic exercises with both upper and lower extremities, was better than that of inactive girls; however, this difference was not significant.

Keywords: Aerobic exercise, Heart rate recovery, Systolic blood pressure recovery

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Keywords: Aerobic exercise
  • Heart rate recovery
  • Systolic blood pressure recovery
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