مقایسه تاثیر دو نوع تمرین تناوبی شدید (HIIT) و تداومی هوازی بر نیمرخ لیپیدی، شاخص‌های فیزیولوژیکی و عملکرد هوازی و بی‌هوازی مردان غیرفعال

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار فیزیولوژی ورزشی دانشگاه تبریز، گروه فیزیولوژی ورزشی، دانشکده تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، تبریز، ایران

2 کارشناس ارشد فیزیولوژی ورزشی دانشگاه تبریز، گروه فیزیولوژی ورزشی، دانشکده تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، تبریز، ایران

3 استادیار فیزیولوژی ورزشی دانشگاه تبریز، گروه فیزیولوژی ورزشی، دانشکده تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، تبریز، ایران

چکیده

هدف: هدف مطالعه حاضر، مقایسه تاثیر شش هفته تمرین تناوبی شدید (HIIT) و تمرین تداومی هوازی بر شاخص‌های سلامت قلبی-عروقی و آمادگی هوازی و بی‌هوازی مردان غیرفعال بود.
روش‌: در یک طرح تحقیق نیمه‌تجربی، 20 مرد سالم غیرفعال دانشجو با دامنه سنی 30-20 سال بر اساس درصد چربی و شاخص توده بدنی انتخاب شدند. ابتدا همه آزمودنی‌ها به مدت دو هفته تمرین هوازی با شدت متوسط (3 جلسه در هفته، 30 دقیقه دویدن با شدت 65-60 درصد ضربان قلب ذخیره) را جهت آماده‌سازی برای تمرین HIIT اجرا کردند. سپس، آزمودنی‌ها به صورت تصادفی به دو گروه همگن چهار هفته تمرین HIIT و هوازی تقسیم شدند. قبل و پس از اعمال مداخله تمرینی، حداکثر اکسیژن مصرفی (VO2max)، آستانه تهویه‌ای (VT)، میانگین توان تولیدی(MPP) و اوج توان تولیدی(PPO) ترکیب بدنی (BC)، نیمرخ لیپیدی و پروتئین واکنش‌گر-C (CRP) اندازه‌گیری شد. نتایج حاصله با استفاده از آزمون تحلیل واریانس 2*2، تی همبسته و مستقل در سطح معنی‌داری 05/0 با استفاده از نرم افزار SPSS نسخه 22 تجزیه و تحلیل شدند.
یافته‌ها: چهار هفته تمرین HIIT و هوازی موجب افزایش VO2max، PPO و MPP افراد غیرفعال گردید و با وجود افزایش بیشتر در گروه HIIT، تفاوت معنی‌دار نبود (05/0<P). با این حال، تنها در گروه HIIT کاهش درصد چربی بدن معنی‌دار بود(05/0>P). همچنین، غظلت CRP، تری گلیسیرید، کلسترول و LDL سرمی به طوری معنی‌داری تنها در گروه HIIT کاهش یافت.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effect of High Intensity Interval Training (HIIT) and aerobic continuous training on lipid profile, physiological indicators and aerobic and anaerobic performance in sedentary male

نویسندگان [English]

  • Ramin Amirsasan 1
  • Orhan khodaei 2
  • Javad Vakili 3
1 Associate professor in Exercise Physiology, Department of Exercise Physiology, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Science, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran
2 MSc in Exercise Physiology, Department of Exercise Physiology, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Science, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran
3 Assistant Professor in Exercise Physiology, Department of Exercise Physiology, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Science, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran
چکیده [English]

Aims: The aim of this research was to evaluate the Effect of High Intensity Interval Training (HIIT) and aerobic continuous training on lipid profile, physiological indicators and aerobic and anaerobic performance in sedentary male.
Methods: In this experimental study, 20 male sedentary male (aged 20-30 years) in a randomized and double-blind design were divided in two equal HIIT and aerobic continuous training groupS. Before and after training period, all subjects were participated in six week HIIT and aerobic continuous training. Blood samples were obtained in the two phases: 24 hours before and after training protocols. Maximum oxygen uptake (VO2max), ventilatory threshold (VT), mean power outpot (MPO), Peak Power Output (PPO), Fatigue Index, Body Composition (BC), Lipid profile, and C-reactive protein (CRP) were analyzed. Change any of the parameters (mean and standard deviation) of four stages repeated ANOVA and independent and dependent sample T tests. The significance level was set at p<0.05.
Results: Four weeks of HIIT and aerobic training cause significantly increased in VO2max, MPO and PPO (P < 0.05). There was a significant difference in the percentage of fat in the HIIT group (P < 0.05). In addition, there was a significant decrease in thr CRP, Triglycerides, cholesterol and LDL in HIIT group (P < 0.05).

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • High intensity interval training (HIIT)
  • aerobic continuous training
  • lipid profile
  • sedentary male
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