تأثیر دو ماه تمرین هوازی به همراه مصرف عصاره پوست انار بر سطوح شاخص مقاومت به انسولین موش‌های صحرایی چاق

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 گروه تربیت بدنی، واحد تبریز، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تبریز، ایران

2 استادیار گروه تربیت بدنی، واحد تبریز، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تبریز، ایران

3 استادیار، گروه دامپزشکی، واحد تبریز، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تبریز، ایران

10.22049/jassp.2019.26522.1197

چکیده

زمینه و هدف: هدف این تحقیق بررسی تأثیر 2 ماه تمرین هوازی به همراه مصرف عصاره پوست انار بر سطوح شاخص مقاومت به انسولین موش‌های صحرایی چاق بود.
روش کار: تعداد 40 سر موش صحرایی نر چاق در قالب تصادفی در گروه‌ها کنترل، تمرین، مصرف عصاره پوست انار و توام جایگزین شدند. پروتکل تمرین هوازی شامل 5 جلسه تمرین در هفته به مدت 8 هفته بود. مصرف عصاره پوست انار روزانه 130گرم 20 الی 30 دقیقه قبل از غذا در نوبت صبح به صورت محلول در آب گرم و به شکل گاواژ تا پایان 8 هفته انجام شد. نمونه‌های خونی جهت سنجش میزان انسولین اخذ شدند و داده‌ها با استفاده از آزمون های آماری توصیفی و تحلیل واریانس مورد تجزیه و تحلیل قرار گرفتند.
یافته ها: یافته‌ها نشان داد که فقط تمرین باعث کاهش وزن بدن، انسولین و حساسیت انسولینی شد و عصاره پوست انار تاثیر معنی‌داری در این موارد نداشت.
نتیجه گیری: عصاره پوست انار به تنهایی تاثیر معنی‌داری در انسولین نداشت. از سوی دیگر، تمرین ‌بدنی به‌ تنهایی نمی‌تواند باعث کاهش قند خون در افراد سالمند چاق شود و برای تامین سلامت عمومی در این افراد حتما باید برنامه های تمرینی منظم در طول زندگی همراه با کنترل‌‌های تغذیه ای برای پرهیز از مصرف کربوهیدرات های‌ ساده صرف نظر از وضعیت فعالیت بدنی در نظر گرفته شوند.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effect of two month aerobic training and pomegranate peel extract (PPE) supplementation on Insulin resistance index levels in obese rats

نویسندگان [English]

  • ZeynalAbedin Rahnama 1
  • Roghayeh Poozesh Jadidi 2
  • Mohammad Reza Nasir Zadeh 3
1 Department of Physical Education, Tabriz branch, Islamic Azad university, Tabriz, Iran
2 Assistant Professor at Department of Physical Education, Tabriz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tabriz, Iran
3 Assistant Professor at Department of Veterinary, Tabriz Branch, Islamic Azad university, Tabriz, Iran
چکیده [English]

Introduction & Objectives: The aim of this research was to investigate the Effect of two month aerobic training and pomegranate peel extract (PPE) supplementation on Insulin resistance index in obese rats.
Materials and Methods: Forty aged Wistar rats were randomly divided into four groups including Control, aerobic training (AT), PPE and PPE+ AT. Aerobic training groups participated in 8 weeks of aerobic training, five sessions per week on an automatic treadmill. Administration of pomegranate peel extract (130 gr daily) was done by oral gavage solution method, 20 to 30 minutes before breakfast meal for eight weeks. Blood samples were taken to analyze Insulin resistance index levels and lipid profile and the data were analyzed by descriptive statistics and ANOVA.
Results: The results showed that aerobic training (AT) reduced body weight, insulin and insulin sensitivity, and pomegranate peel extract had no significant effect. However, none of the interventions had a significant effect on plasma glucose.
Conclusion: Exercise alone cannot reduce glucose in obese people, and in order to provide general health in these people, regular exercise programs along with nutritional controls should be introduced to avoid the consumption of simple carbohydrates regardless of physical activity status.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Training
  • pomergrante peel extract
  • obese
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