ارتباط بین سطوح ویتامینD با درصد چربی و عملکرد ورزشی مردان ورزشکار تمرین کرده

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار فیزیولوژی ورزشی، گروه فیزیولوژی ورزشی، دانشکده علوم انسانی و اجتماعی، دانشگاه کردستان، سنندج، ایران

2 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد، گروه فیزیولوژی ورزشی، دانشکده علوم انسانی و اجتماعی، دانشگاه کردستان، سنندج، ایران

10.22049/jahssp.2021.27048.1339

چکیده

هدف: سطوح سرمی 25 هیدروکسی ویتامین D نقشی ضروری در تنظیم عملکرد عضلات اسکلتی ورزشکاران دارد. با این حال هدف از پژوهش حاضر، بررسی ارتباط بین سطوح ویتامینD، درصد چربی و عملکرد ورزشی مردان ورزشکار تمرین کرده بود. روش‌شناسی: 30 نفر از ورزشکاران رشته­های ورزشی مختلف استقامتی­ و قدرتی- توانی با میانگین سن 3/45 ± 23/03 سال، قد 4/14 ± 172/96 سانتی متر، وزن 5/65 ± 67/33 کیلوگرم و شاخص توده بدنی (BMI) 22/81 ± 2/28 کیلوگرم بر مترمربع، بعد از اندازه­گیری­ شاخص­های آنتروپومتریکی، پنج سی سی نمونه خون وریدی جهت­ اندازه­گیری سطوح ویتامینD3  به صورت ناشتا از آنها گرفته شد. سپس جهت اندازه گیری توان هوازی ورزشکاران از آزمون شاتل ران، قدرت عضلانی تحتانی و فوقانی به ترتیب آزمون های پرس سینه و پرس پا، قدرت دست ها از آزمون قدرت پنجه دست و توان عضلانی از آزمون پرش عمودی استفاده گردید. برای بررسی ارتباط بین سطوح ویتامین D3 با توان هوازی، قدرت و توان عضلانی از آزمون ضریب همبستگی پیرسون استفاده گردید. یافته‌ها: ارتباط مستقیم و معناداری بین سطوح ویتامین D3 با توان هوازی، قدرت عضلانی اندام تحتانی و فوقانی، قدرت پنجه دست و­ توان عضلانی ورزشکاران و ارتباط معکوسی بین سطوح ویتامین D3 با درصد چربی بدن ورزشکاران دیده شد(0/05>P). نتیجه گیری: براساس نتایج به دست­ آمده ­می ­توان­ گفت که سطوح بالای ویتامین D در ورزشکاران تمرین کرده­ ارتباط معناداری با عملکرد جسمانی آنها دارد، به طوری که سطوح بالای آن می تواند باعث بهبود عملکرد در ورزشکاران تمرین کرده گردد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Relationship Between Vitamin D Levels, Fat Percentage and Athletic Performance in Trained Males

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mohammad Rahman Rahimi 1
  • Farhad Nikou Seresht 2
  • Hadi Golpasandi 2
1 Associate Professor of Sports Physiology, Department of Sports Physiology, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, University of Kurdistan, Sanandaj, Iran
2 MS.C Student, Department of Sports Physiology, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, University of Kurdistan, Sanandaj, Iran
چکیده [English]

Aim:  Serum levels of 25-hydroxyvitamin D play an essential role in regulating the function of athletes' skeletal muscles. However, the aim of the present study was to investigate the relationship between vitamin D levels, fat percentage and athletic performance of trained male athletes. Methods: 30 athletes of different endurance, strength and power sports with average age of 23.03 ± 3.45 years, height 172.96 ± 4.14 meters, weight 67.33 ± 5.65 kg and body mass index (BMI) 22.81 ± 2.28 kg / m2, after measuring anthropometric indices, 5 cc of venous blood fasting samples were taken to measure vitamin D3 levels. Then, to measure the aerobic power of athletes, shuttle thigh test, lower and upper muscle strength were used, chest press and leg press tests, hand grip test, hand strength test and vertical jump test were used. Pearson correlation coefficient test was used to evaluate the relationship between vitamin D3 levels with aerobic power, strength and muscle power. Result:  There was a direct and significant relationship between vitamin D3 levels with aerobic power, lower and upper limb muscle strength, hand grip strength and muscle strength of athletes and inverse relationship between vitamin D3 levels with fat percentage in athletes. Conclusion:  Based on the results, it can be said that high levels of vitamin D in trained athletes have a significant relationship with their physical function, so that high levels can improve performance in trained athletes.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Vitamin D
  • Muscular Strength
  • Muscular Power
  • Aerobic Power
 
 
1.            Christakos S, Dhawan P, Verstuyf A, Verlinden L, Carmeliet GJPr. Vitamin D: metabolism, molecular mechanism of action, and pleiotropic effects. 2016;96(1):365-408.
2.            Rosenstreich SJ, Rich C, Volwiler WJTJoci. Deposition in and release of vitamin D 3 from body fat: evidence for a storage site in the rat. 1971;50(3):679-87.
3.            Mawer EB, Backhouse J, Holman CA, Lumb G, Stanbury SJCs. The distribution and storage of vitamin D and its metabolites in human tissues. 1972;43(3):413-31.
4.            Compston JE, Vedi S, Ledger JE, Webb A, Gazet J-C, Pilkington TJTAjocn. Vitamin D status and bone histomorphometry in gross obesity. 1981;34(11):2359-63.
5.            Liel Y, Ulmer E, Shary J, Hollis BW, Bell NHJCti. Low circulating vitamin D in obesity. 1988;43(4):199-201.
6.            Hengist A, Perkin O, Gonzalez J, Betts J, Hewison M, Manolopoulos K, et al. Mobilising vitamin D from adipose tissue: The potential impact of exercise. 2019;44(1):25-35.
7.            Bell NH, Shaw S, Turner RJTJoci. Evidence that 1, 25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 inhibits the hepatic production of 25-hydroxyvitamin D in man. 1984;74(4):1540-4.
8.            Zerwekh JEJTAjocn. Blood biomarkers of vitamin D status. 2008;87(4):1087S-91S.
9.            Renzaho AM, Halliday JA, Nowson CJN. Vitamin D, obesity, and obesity-related chronic disease among ethnic minorities: a systematic review. 2011;27(9):868-79.
10.          Thompson D, Karpe F, Lafontan M, Frayn KJPr. Physical activity and exercise in the regulation of human adipose tissue physiology. 2012.
11.          Reinehr T, de Sousa G, Alexy U, Kersting M, Andler WJEJoE. Vitamin D status and parathyroid hormone in obese children before and after weight loss. 2007;157(2):225-32.
12.          Villareal DT, Shah K, Banks MR, Sinacore DR, Klein SJTJoCE, Metabolism. Effect of weight loss and exercise therapy on bone metabolism and mass in obese older adults: a one-year randomized controlled trial. 2008;93(6):2181-7.
13.          Chin K, Zhao D, Tibuakuu M, Martin SS, Ndumele CE, Florido R, et al. Physical activity, vitamin D, and incident atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease in whites and blacks: the ARIC study. 2017;102(4):1227-36.
14.          Gangloff A, Bergeron J, Pelletier-Beaumont E, Nazare J, Smith J, Borel A, et al. Effect of adipose tissue volume loss on circulating 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels: results from a 1-year lifestyle intervention in viscerally obese men. 2015;39(11):1638-43.
15.          Klenk J, Rapp K, Denkinger M, Nagel G, Nikolaus T, Peter R, et al. Objectively measured physical activity and vitamin D status in older people from Germany. 2015;69(4):388-92.
16.          Sun X, Cao Z-B, Taniguchi H, Tanisawa K, Higuchi MJTJoCE, Metabolism. Effect of an acute bout of endurance exercise on serum 25 (OH) D concentrations in young adults. 2017;102(11):3937-44.
17.          Sun X, Cao Z-B, Tanisawa K, Taniguchi H, Kubo T, Higuchi MJE. Effects of chronic endurance exercise training on serum 25 (OH) D concentrations in elderly Japanese men. 2018;59(2):330-7.
18.          Pojednic RM, Ceglia LJE, reviews ss. The emerging biomolecular role of vitamin D in skeletal muscle. 2014;42(2):76.
19.          Ceglia L, Niramitmahapanya S, da Silva Morais M, Rivas DA, Harris SS, Bischoff-Ferrari H, et al. A randomized study on the effect of vitamin D3 supplementation on skeletal muscle morphology and vitamin D receptor concentration in older women. 2013;98(12):E1927-E35.
20.          Forney LA, Earnest CP, Henagan TM, Johnson LE, Castleberry TJ, Stewart LKJTJoS, et al. Vitamin D status, body composition, and fitness measures in college-aged students. 2014;28(3):814-24.
21.          Ramezani Ahmadi A, Mohammadshahi M, Alizadeh A, Ahmadi Angali K, Jahanshahi AJEJoSS. Effects of vitamin D3 supplementation for 12 weeks on serum levels of anabolic hormones, anaerobic power, and aerobic performance in active male subjects: A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. 2020:1-13.
22.          Książek A, Zagrodna A, Dziubek W, Pietraszewski B, Ochmann B, Słowińska–Lisowska MJJoHK. 25 (OH) D3 levels relative to muscle strength and maximum oxygen uptake in athletes. 2016;50(1):71-7.
23.          Arazi H, Eghbali EJIjowsh. 25-Hydroxyvitamin D levels and its relation to muscle strength, maximal oxygen consumption, and body mass index in young and middle adulthood women. 2019;11:57.
24.          Matsuzaka A, Takahashi Y, Yamazoe M, Kumakura N, Ikeda A, Wilk B, et al. Validity of the multistage 20-m shuttle-run test for Japanese children, adolescents, and adults. 2004;16(2):113-25.
25.          Suchomel TJ, Nimphius S, Stone MHJSm. The importance of muscular strength in athletic performance. 2016;46(10):1419-49.
26.          Stojanović N, Jovanović N, Stojanović TJFu-sPE, Sport. The effects of plyometric training on the development of the jumping agility in volleyball players. 2012;10(1):59-73.
27.          Książek A, Dziubek W, Pietraszewska J, Słowińska-Lisowska MJBos. Relationship between 25 (OH) D levels and athletic performance in elite Polish judoists. 2018;35(2):191.
28.          Koundourakis NE, Androulakis NE, Malliaraki N, Margioris ANJPO. Vitamin D and exercise performance in professional soccer players. 2014;9(7):e101659.
29.          Jastrzębska M, Kaczmarczyk M, Michalczyk M, Radzimiński Ł, Stępień P, Jastrzębska J, et al. Can supplementation of vitamin D improve aerobic capacity in well trained youth soccer players? 2018;61(1):63-72.
30.          Fitzgerald JS, Peterson BJ, Warpeha JM, Wilson PB, Rhodes GS, Ingraham SJJTJoS, et al. Vitamin D status and V [combining dot above] O2peak during a skate treadmill graded exercise test in competitive ice hockey players. 2014;28(11):3200-5.
31.          Todd JJ, McSorley EM, Pourshahidi LK, Madigan SM, Laird E, Healy M, et al. Vitamin D 3 supplementation using an oral spray solution resolves deficiency but has no effect on VO 2 max in Gaelic footballers: results from a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. 2017;56(4):1577-87.
32.          Ardestani A, Parker B, Mathur S, Clarkson P, Pescatello LS, Hoffman HJ, et al. Relation of vitamin D level to maximal oxygen uptake in adults. 2011;107(8):1246-9.
33.          Zosky GR, Berry LJ, Elliot JG, James AL, Gorman S, Hart PHJAjor, et al. Vitamin D deficiency causes deficits in lung function and alters lung structure. 2011;183(10):1336-43.
34.          Fatemi R, Shakerian S, Ghanbarzade M, Habibi A, Moghaddam HFJIRJoA, Sciences B. The comparison of dynamic volumes of pulmonary function between different levels of maximal oxygen uptake. 2012;3(3):667-74.
35.          Jastrzębska M, Kaczmarczyk M, Michalczyk M, Radzimiński Ł, Stępień P, Jastrzębska J, et al. Can Supplementation of Vitamin D Improve Aerobic Capacity in Well Trained Youth Soccer Players? Journal of human kinetics. 2018;61:63-72.
36.          Jastrzębski ZJFEFşS. Effect of vitamin D supplementation on the level of physical fitness and blood parameters of rowers during the 8-week high intensity training. 2014;2:57-67.
37.          Gilsanz V, Kremer A, Mo AO, Wren TA, Kremer RJTJoCE, Metabolism. Vitamin D status and its relation to muscle mass and muscle fat in young women. 2010;95(4):1595-601.
38.          Gerdhem P, Ringsberg K, Obrant K, Akesson KJOI. Association between 25-hydroxy vitamin D levels, physical activity, muscle strength and fractures in the prospective population-based OPRA Study of Elderly Women. 2005;16(11):1425-31.
39.          Verhaar H, Samson M, Jansen P, De Vreede P, Manten J, Duursma SJAC, et al. Muscle strength, functional mobility and vitamin D in older women. 2000;12(6):455-60.
40.          Muir SW, Montero‐Odasso MJJotAGS. Effect of vitamin D supplementation on muscle strength, gait and balance in older adults: a systematic review and meta‐analysis. 2011;59(12):2291-300.
41.          Beaudart C, Buckinx F, Rabenda V, Gillain S, Cavalier E, Slomian J, et al. The effects of vitamin D on skeletal muscle strength, muscle mass, and muscle power: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. 2014;99(11):4336-45.
42.          Książek A, Zagrodna A, Dziubek W, Pietraszewski B, Ochmann B, Słowińska-Lisowska M. 25(OH)D(3) Levels Relative to Muscle Strength and Maximum Oxygen Uptake in Athletes. Journal of human kinetics. 2016;50:71-7.
43.          Orysiak J, Mazur-Rozycka J, Fitzgerald J, Starczewski M, Malczewska-Lenczowska J, Busko KJPO. Vitamin D status and its relation to exercise performance and iron status in young ice hockey players. 2018;13(4):e0195284.
44.          Fairbairn KA, Ceelen IJ, Skeaff CM, Cameron CM, Perry TLJIjosn, metabolism e. Vitamin D3 supplementation does not improve sprint performance in professional rugby players: a randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind intervention study. 2018;28(1):1-9.
45.          Stockton KA, Mengersen K, Paratz JD, Kandiah D, Bennell KLJOi. Effect of vitamin D supplementation on muscle strength: a systematic review and meta-analysis. 2011;22(3):859-71.
46.          Latham NK, Anderson CS, Reid IRJJotAGS. Effects of vitamin D supplementation on strength, physical performance, and falls in older persons: a systematic review. 2003;51(9):1219-26.
47.          Bischoff H, Borchers M, Gudat F, Duermueller U, Theiler R, Stähelin H, et al. In situ detection of 1, 25-dihydroxyvitamin D receptor in human skeletal muscle tissue. 2001;33(1):19-24.
48.          Ceglia LJMaom. Vitamin D and skeletal muscle tissue and function. 2008;29(6):407-14.
49.          Koundourakis NE, Androulakis NE, Malliaraki N, Margioris AN. Vitamin D and exercise performance in professional soccer players. PLoS One. 2014;9(7):e101659-e.
50.          Bischoff-Ferrari HA, Dietrich T, Orav EJ, Hu FB, Zhang Y, Karlson EW, et al. Higher 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentrations are associated with better lower-extremity function in both active and inactive persons aged≥ 60 y. 2004;80(3):752-8.
51.          Perez-Gomez J, Rodriguez GV, Ara I, Olmedillas H, Chavarren J, González-Henriquez JJ, et al. Role of muscle mass on sprint performance: gender differences? 2008;102(6):685-94.