علائم سندروم پیش قاعدگی در دختران دانشجوی فعال و غیر فعال: مطالعه جمعیت ساکن در مناطق سردسیر و گرمسیر

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناسی ارشد فیزیولوژی ورزشی، گروه مدیریت ورزشی، دانشکده علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه علامه طباطبایی، تهران، ایران

2 دانشیار، گروه علوم ورزشی، دانشکده ادبیات و علوم انسانی، دانشگاه خلیج فارس، بوشهر، ایران

10.22049/jahssp.2020.26993.1337

چکیده

هدف: هدف این مطالعه مقایسه شدت علائم سندروم پیش قاعدگی در دختران دانشجوی فعال و غیر فعال ساکن در مناطق سردسیر و گرمسیر بود. روش شناسی: در این تحقیق نیمه تجربی، تعداد 320 دانشجوی دختر دانشگاه جهرم از دو منطقه جغرافیایی(محل زندگی) گرمسیر(160 نفر) و سردسیر(160 نفر) شامل دو زیرگروه 80 نفری فعال و غیر فعال از هر منطقه جغرافیایی، پرسشنامه سندروم پیش قاعدگی impdd را تکمیل کردند. یافته ها: در جمعیت فعال هر دو منطقه، میانگین علائم جسمانی (p=0.002) و روانی- رفتاری(p=0.001) پایین تر از گروه غیرفعال بود. در جمعیت فعال ساکن در مناطق سردسیر، میانگین تنها علائم روانی- رفتاری به طور معنی داری کمتر از گروه غیر فعال همان منطقه بود(p=0.001). اما در افراد فعال ساکن مناطق گرمسیر، هر دو علائم روانی- رفتاری(p=0.03) و جسمانی (p=0.002) پایین تر از افراد غیرفعال بودند. نتیجه گیری: فعالیت بدنی در کل سبب کاهش علائم سندرم پیش قاعدگی می شود و در مناطق سردسیر این اثر بیشتر در مورد علائم روانی- رفتاری نمود دارد، در حالی که در محیط گرمسیر هر دو نوع علائم تحت تاثیر قرار می‌گیرند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Premenstrual Syndrome Symptoms in Physically Active and Sedentary Female Students: Study of Cold and Tropical Zones Residents

نویسندگان [English]

  • Parisa Sarikhani 1
  • Abdossaleh Zar 2
1 Msc of Exercise Physiology, Department of Sport Management, School of Sport Science, Allameh Tabatabae University,Tehran, Iran
2 Associate professor, Department of Sport Science, School of Literature and Humanities, Persian Gulf University, Boushehr, Iran
چکیده [English]

Aim: The aim of this study was to compare the premenstrual syndrome symptoms in physically active and sedentary female students, resident in cold and tropical zones. Methods: In this semi-experimental study, 320 female students of Jahrom University from both cold and tropical geographical zones (160 subject from each zone) including on physically active and sedentary subgroups (n=80 within each subgroup) filled the “impdd” premenstrual syndrome questionnaire. Results: a lower physical (P = 0.002) as well as psycho-behavioral (p = 0.001) symptoms were detected in physically active subjects from both zones. In physically active subjects from cold zones, just psycho-behavioral symptoms (p = 0.001) were lower than their sedentary counterparts. However, in the active residents of tropical zones, both physical (p = 0.002) and psycho-behavioral symptoms (p = 0.03) were lower than sedentary subjects from the same homeland. Conclusion: Physical activity generally reduces premenstrual syndrome symptoms, with a higher impact on psycho-behavioral symptoms in cold zone residents, meanwhile; both physical and psycho-behavioral symptoms could be affected in subjcts living in tropical zones.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Physical Activity
  • premenstrual syndrome
  • students
 
 
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