اثرات تمرین تناوبی شدید و تداومی متوسط در ترکیب با محدودیت کالری متناوب بر توده چربی و بدون چربی بدن در زنان دارای اضافه وزن

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار، گروه فیزیولوژی ورزش دانشکده تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی دانشگاه تبریز، تبریز، ایران

2 دانشیار، گروه فیزیولوژی ورزشی، دانشکده تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه تبریز، تبریز، ایران

3 کارشناسی ارشد فیزیولوژی ورزشی، گروه فیزیولوژی ورزشی، دانشکده تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه تبریز، تبریز، ایران

10.22049/jassp.2020.26885.1319

چکیده

هدف: شامل بررسی تأثیر هشت هفته تمرین تناوبی شدید و تمرین تداومی به طور ترکیبی با محدودیت کالری متناوب بر توده چربی و بدون چربی بدن(LBM) زنان دارای اضافه وزن بود. روش شناسی: 36 زن دارای چاقی/اضافه وزن با محدوده سنی55-35 سال در چهار گروه شامل محدودیت کالری متناوب(20- درصد)، تمرین تناوبی شدید+ محدودیت کالری متناوب(10-درصد)، تمرین تداومی+محدودیت کالری متناوب(10-درصد) و گروه کنترل جایگزین شدند. تمرینات ورزشی HIIT (با شدت 75 تا 85 درصد از MHR) و MICT (با شدت 60 تا 75 درصد از MHR) در هر هفته سه جلسه انجام می شدند که در هر جلسه تمرین حداکثر تا زمان تکمیل مقدار معینی از هزینه انرژی (رسیدن به مقدار 10 درصد از انرژی دریافتی روزانه) برای هر فرد انجام می شد. یافته ها: در هر سه گروه مورد مداخله، فقط وزن چربی بدن کاهش یافت(0/05>P) و تغییر معنی داری در توده ی بدون چربی مشاهده نشد(0/05<P). همچنین مقدار تغییرات وزن چربی بدن در بین گروه ها تفاوت نداشت (0/05<P). نتیجه گیری: کاهش متناوب دریافت کالری، چه به شکل 20 درصدی از طریق کاهش انرژی دریافتی و چه به شکل ترکیبی از  طریق 10% کاهش در انرژی دریافتی و 10 درصد افزایش در هزینه انرژی (یا از طریق HIIT و یا از طریق MICT)، بدون تحمیل اثر سوء بر LBM، کارایی یکسانی در کاهش وزن چربی بدن دارد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effects of HIIT and MICT Combined with ICR on FM and LBM in Overweight Women

نویسندگان [English]

  • Vahid Sari-Sarraf 1
  • Ramin Amirsasan 2
  • Nazila Parnian Khajehdizaj 3
1 Associate Professor, Associate Professor, Department of Exercise Physiology, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Science, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran.
2 Associate Professor, Department of Exercise Physiology, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Science, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran.
3 Msc of Exercise Physiology, Department of Exercise Physiology, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Science, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Aim: The aim was to investigate the effect of eight weeks of high intensity interval training (HIIT) and moderate intensity continuous training (MICT) mixed with interval calorie restriction (ICR) on fat mass (FM) and lean body mass(LBM) in overweight women. Method: 36 overweight and or obese women (age: 35-55 years) were randomized into for groups of intermittent calorie restriction (-20%), combination of HIIT + ICR (-10%), combination of continuous training + ICR (-10%) and Control. Both training protocols (HIIT at 75 to 85% of maximum heart rate and MICT at 65 to 75% of MHR) were conducted three sessions per week. Exercise was continued each session up to accomplishment of a certain energy expenditure (EE) value (10% of daily energy intake(EI)). Results: Just FM was down-regulated in all three intervention groups (p < 0.05) and there were no remarkable changes for LBM (P>0.05). Moreover, no between group differences were noted for the amount of FM depression observed throughout the intervention period (P>0.05). Conclusion: Interval calorie restriction via consuming a -20% diet or a mixture of -10% diet + elevation of EE either by HIIH or MICT (up to 10% of EI), have equal efficacy to lower body fat mas with no hazardous effect on LBM.  

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Body Composition
  • HIIT
  • MICT
  • Calorie Restriction
 
[1].  Barranco P, Delgado J, Gallego L, Bobolea I, Pedrosa M, García de Lorenzo A, et al. Asma, obesidad y dieta. Nutrición Hospitalaria. 2012;27(1):138-45..
[2].  Janghorbani M, Amini M, Willett WC, Gouya MM, Delavari A, Alikhani S, Mahdavi A. First nationwide survey of prevalence of overweight, underweight, and abdominal obesity in Iranian adults. Obesity. 2007 Nov;15(11):2797-808.
[3].  Massarrat M-S, Tahaghoghi-Mehrizi S. Iranian national health survey: a brief report. Arch Iranian Med. 2002;5(2):73-9.
[4].  Toomey CM, Cremona A, Hughes K, Norton C, Jakeman P. A Review of Body Composition Measurement in the Assessment of Health. Topics in Clinical Nutrition. 2015;30(1):16-32.
[5].  Thivel D, Masurier J, Baquet G, et al. High-intensity interval training in overweight and obese children and adolescents: systematic review and meta-analysis. J Sports Med Phys Fitness. Mar 27 2018.
[6].  Taghian F, Kargarfard M, Kelishadi R. Effects of 12 Weeks Aerobic Training on Body Com position, Serum  Homocysteine and CRP Levels in Obese Women. Journal of Isfahan Medical School 2011; 29(149):1037-1045.
[7].  Drenowatz C, Hand GA, Sagner M, Shook RP, Burgess S, Blair SN. The prospective association between different types of exercise and body composition. Medicine and science in sports and exercise. 2015 Dec;47(12):2535.
[8].  Saris W, Blair S, Van Baak M, Eaton S, Davies P, Di Pietro L, et al. How much physical activity is enoughto prevent unhealthy weight gain? Outcome of the IASO 1st Stock Conference and consensus statement. Obesity reviews. 2003;4(2):101-14.
[9].  van Aggel-Leijssen D, Saris W, Homan M, Van Baak M. The effect of exercise training on b-adrenergic stimulation of fat metabolism in obese men. International journal of obesity and related metabolic disorders. 2001;25:16-23.
[10].                   DiPietro L, Dziura J, Yeckel CW, Neufer PD. Exercise and improved insulin sensitivity in older women: evidence of the enduring benefits of higher intensity training. Journal ofapplied physiology. 2006;100(1):142-9.
[11].                   Fry A, Kraemer W, Van Borselen F, Lynch J, Triplett N, Koziris L, et al. Catecholamine responses to short-term high-intensity resistance exercise overtraining. Journal of applied physiology. 1994;77(2):941-6.
[12].                   Stejskal D, Karpisek M, Hanulova Z, Svestak M. Chemerin is an independent marker of the metabolic syndrome in a caucasian population-a pilot study. Biomedical Papers of the Medical Faculty of Palacky University in Olomouc. 2008;152(2).
[13].                   Fabrício E, RossiFourie M, Gildenhuys G, Shaw I, Shaw B, Toriola A, Goon D. Effects of a mat Pilates programme on muscular strength and endurance in elderly women: exercise physiology. African Journal for Physical Health Education, Recreation and Dance. 2012;18(2):299-307.
[14].                   Zhang H, Tong TK, Qiu W, Zhang X, Zhou S, Liu Y, et al. Comparable effects of high-intensity interval training and prolonged continuous exercise training on abdominal visceral fat reduction in obese young women. Journal of diabetes research;2017.
[15].                   Gibson AL,Wangner D, Heyward V. Advanced fitness Assessment and Exercise Prescrition, 8E:Human kinetics;2018.
[16].                   HoushTJ, housh DJ. Applied Exercise and Sport Physiology, With Labs: Routledge; 2017.
[17].                   Ferguson B. ACSM's Guidelines for Exercise Testing and Prescription 9th Ed. 2014. The Journal of the Canadian Chiroractic Association. 2014; 58(3): 328.
[18].                   Medicine ACoS. ACSM's guidelines for exercise testing and prescription: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2013.
[19].                   Behrad A, Askari R, Hamednia MR. The effect of high intensity interval training and circuit resistance training on respiratory function and body composition in overweight females. Journal of Exercise Physiology and Physical Activity 2016 ; 4(7) .[In Persian].
[20].                   Ghanbarzadeh M. The Effect of an Intensity Interval Training (Hit) on the Fitness and Body Composition of the Military Personnel. Journal Mil Med. 2017 Feb 15;18(4):367-74.
[21].                   Dupuit M, Rance M, Morel C, Bouillon P, Pereira B, Bonnet A, Maillard F, Duclos M, Boisseau N. Moderate-Intensity Continuous Training or High-Intensity Interval Training with or without Resistance Training for Altering Body Composition in Postmenopausal Women. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise. 2020 Mar 1;52(3):736-45.
[22].                   Gibala MJ, Little JP, Van Essen M, Wilkin GP, Burgomaster KA, Safdar A, Raha S, Tarnopolsky MA. Short‐term sprint interval versus traditional endurance training: similar initial adaptations in human skeletal muscle and exercise performance. The Journal of physiology. 2006 Sep 15;575(3):901-11.
[23].                   Kendrew J. The Encylopedia of Molecular Biology: John Wiley & Sons; 2009.
[24].                   Kazemzadeh Y, Banaeifar A, Shirvani H, Gharaat A. The effect of high intensity interval training HIIT on body composition, lipid profile and insulin sensitivity in overweight young men. Journal of Exercise Physiology and Physical Activity 2016 .[In Persian].
[25].                   Ghaledari M, Banee A . Effect of 12 weeks of aerobic exercise with maximum severity of fat oxidation and calorie restriction on plasma abelin levels 36 and insulin resistance in overweight men . Journal of Exercise Physiology and Physical Activity 2016 .[In Persian].
[26].                   Emadi R, Keshavarz S, Rouzbahani R,Mardani I. The Effects of 12 Weeks of Caloric Restriction with and without Aerobic Exercise Training on Peroxidant and Antioxidants Indicators in Postmenopausal Women with Type 2 Diabetes. Journal of Isfahan Medical School 2015; 33(323):100-113.[In Persian].
[27].                   Johnson NA, Sachinwalla T, Walton DW, Smith K, Armstrong A, Thompson MW, et al. Aerobic exercise training reduces hepatic and visceral lipids in obese individuals without weight loss. Hepatology. 2009;50(4):1105-12.
[28].                   Foroutan Y, Daneshyar S, Tadibi V, Behpoor N. Comparison of different concurrent protocols of lipid profile, insulin resistance index and some white adipose tissue hormones. Fats inactive men overweight. The Journal of Urmia University of Medical Sciences. 2018;28(12):805-16.
[29].                   Sheikholeslami-vatani D, Ebrahimi A. The Effect of Moderate-Intensity Continuous Training Vs. High-Intensity Interval Training on Visceral and Subcutaneous Fats in Obese Women. JRUMS. 2018; 16 (11) :999-1012
[30].                   Rahmaty S, Gaeini AA, Choobineh S, Dolatshahi M. Comparing the 6 weeks of high-intensity interval and continuous training with standard diet on desnutrin and FNDC5 genes expression after a period of high fat diet in subcutaneous adipose tissue and the quadriceps muscle tissue of obese male rats. SSU_Journals. 2018 May 10;26(2):111-25.
[31].                   Larsen S, Danielsen J, Søndergård SD, Søgaard D, Vigelsoe A, Dybboe R, et al. The  ffect of high‐intensity training on mitochondrial fat oxidation in skeletal muscle and subcutaneous adipose tissue. Scandinavian journal of medicine & science in sports. 2015;25(1):e59-e69.
[32].                   Burgomaster KA, Howarth KR, Phillips SM, Rakobowchuk M, MacDonald MJ, McGee SL, et al. Similar metabolic adaptations during exercise after low volume sprint interval and traditional endurance training in humans. The Journal of physiology. 2008;586(1):151-60