بررسی اثر زمان محرومیت از خواب دو ساعته در شب بر عملکرد جسمانی و سطوح خونی ملاتونین، کورتیزول و تستوسترون در نظامیان

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دکترای فیزیولوژی ورزشی، گروه تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشکده مدیریت، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی قزوین، قزوین، ایران

2 کارشناسی ارشد فیزیولوژی ورزشی، گروه فیزولوژی ورزشی، دانشکده تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه خوارزمی، تهران، ایران.

3 کارشناسی ارشد فیزیولوژی ورزشی، گروه فیزیولوژی ورزش، دانشکده تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه گیلان، رشت، ایران

10.22049/jassp.2020.26710.1284

چکیده

هدف: محرومیت از خواب می­تواند بر افزایش اشتباهات و تصادفات، تأخیر در عملکرد و شک و شبهه در اجرای امور و اختلالات هورمونی منجر شود. در برخی شغل‌ها محرومیت از خواب‌های اجباری وجود دارد، بعنوان مثال نظامی‌ها در زمان‌های مختلفی از خواب محروم می‌شوند. بنابراین، هدف از پژوهش حاضر بررسی اثر زمان محرومیت از خواب دو ساعته در شب بر عملکرد جسمانی و سطوح خونی ملاتونین، کورتیزول و تستوسترون در نظامیان بود. روش‌شناسی: 40 فرد نظامی بطور تصادفی به 4 گروه (گروه 1: محرومیت از ساعت 2-12، گروه 2: محرومیت از ساعت 4-2، گروه 3: محرومیت از ساعت 6-4 و گروه 4: گروه کنترل) تقسیم شدند. پروتکل شامل دو بخش بود: اندازه گیری در سطح پایه (قبل محرومیت از خواب) که همان پیش آزمون بود و اندازه گیری بعد از محرومیت خواب. اولین بخش این تحقیق در یک هفته قبل محرومیت از خواب ثبت گردید. یافته‌ها: در پیش و پس آزمون محرومیت خواب از ساعت 4 تا 6 قدرت بالاتنه و پایین تنه، قدرت پرش، سطوح پلاسمایی ملاتونین، کوتیزول، تستوسترون و نسبت تستوسترون به کورتیزول تفاوت معنی‌دار بود، همچنین در محرومیت خواب از ساعت 2 تا 4 حداقل توان، کورتیزول، تستوسترون و نسبت تستوسترون به کورتیزول بطور معنی‌داری نسبت به پیش آزمون تغییر کرد (05/0≤P). نتیجه‌گیری: حداکثر اختلال عملکرد جسمانی و هورمونی در محرومیت خواب از ساعت 2 تا 4 و  4 تا 6 مشاهده شد و بکارگیری در امور حساس و نظامی برای افرادی که در این بازه‌های زمانی از خواب محروم شده‌اند مناسب نخواهد بود.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effect of Two Hours Sleep Deprivation at Night on Physical Performance, Blood Levels of Melatonin, Cortisol, and Testosterone in The Military

نویسندگان [English]

  • Reza Sharbat-Zadeh 1
  • Hossein Radfar 2
  • Eisa Khaleghi-Mamaghani 3
1 PhD in Exercise Physiology, Department of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Faculty of Management, Islamic Azad University of Qazvin, Qazvin, Iran
2 Msc of Exercise Physiology, Department of Sport Physiology, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, University of Kharazmi, Tehran, Iran.
3 Msc of Exercise Physiology, Department of Sport Physiology, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Science, University of Guilan, Rasht, Iran
چکیده [English]

Aim: Sleep deprivation can lead to increased errors, accidents, delays in performance, and doubts about missions and hormonal dysfunction. In some jobs, there are forced sleep deprivation. For example, militaries are deprived of sleep at various times. Therefore, the purpose of the present study was to investigate the effect of two hours sleep deprivation at night on physical performance, blood levels of melatonin, cortisol, and testosterone in the military. Methods: 40 military personnel were randomly divided into 4 groups (Group 1: Deprivation of sleep from 12am to 2am; Group 2: Deprivation from 2am to 4am, Group 3: Deprivation from 4am to 6am and Group 4: control group). The protocol consisted of two parts: baseline measurement (before sleep deprivation) which was a pre-test, and post-sleep deprivation measurement. The first part of the study was recorded a week ago of sleep deprivation. Results: There were significant differences in pre and post-test sleep deprivation 4am to 6am, upper body and lower body strength, explosive power, plasma levels of melatonin, cortisol, testosterone and testosterone to cortisol ratio. Also in sleep deprivation 2am to 4am; significantly changed minimum power, cortisol, testosterone and testosterone to cortisol ratio (p≤0.05). Conclusion: Maximum physical and hormonal dysfunctions were observed in sleep deprivation 2am to 4am and 4am to 6am.  And doing sensitive work for people and military that have been deprived of sleep during these period times it would not be appropriate.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Nightly sleep deprivation
  • melatonin
  • testosterone
  • cortisol
  • Performance
 
Water Houses. J, Tee. Riley, and Jay. Atkinson. (2001). Travel and Biomedical Disorders. Translated by Sh. Farajzadeh and N. Karimi, Olympics, Issue 19, Spring and Summer, p: 39-50. [In Persian].
Loayza, H., Paz, M., Ponte, T. S., Carvalho, C. G., Pedrotti, M. R., Nunes, P. V, & Chaves, M. L. (2001). Association between mental health screening by self-report questionnaire and insomnia in medical students. Arquivos de neuro-psiquiatria59(2A), 180-185.
Sadock, B. and S.V. Kaplan, Sadocks Synopsis of Psychiatry. 9th eds. 2003, Philadelphia: Williams & Wilkins.
Haack, M., & Mullington, J. M. (2005). Sustained sleep restriction reduces emotional and physical well-being. Pain119(1-3), 56-64.
Habeck, C., Rakitin, B. C., Moeller, J., Scarmeas, N., Zarahn, E., Brown, T., & Stern, Y. (2004). An event-related fMRI study of the neurobehavioral impact of sleep deprivation on performance of a delayed-match-to-sample task. Cognitive brain research18(3), 306-321.
Abbasmanesh, M., Shetabboushehri, N., Zarghmi, M. (2019) Effect of sleep deprivation on mood and reaction time in the athletes and non-athletes. Frooyesh, 8 (8), 55-62.
Manavi, A. (1988). Sleep, and dream from a medical perspective. University of Tehran Publications, p: 3-26. [In Persian].
Shafizadeh, M. (2005). Application of Measurement and Evaluation in Physical Education. Bamdad ketab, p: 129-132. [In Persian].
Berglund, J., 2019. The Danger of Sleep Deprivation. Volume 10, no 4, pp 21-24. IEEE Pulse.
Honma, A., Revell, V. L., Gunn, P. J., Davies, S. K., Middleton, B., Raynaud, F. I., & Skene, D. J. (2020). Effect of acute total sleep deprivation on plasma melatonin, cortisol and metabolite rhythms in females. European Journal of Neuroscience, 51(1), 366-378.
Gau, S.S., et al. (2007) Association between sleep problems and symptoms of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in young adults. Sleep. 30(2): p. 195-201.
Wilmore, J. Castiel. L., 2001. Physiology of Exercise and Physical Activity. Translation, Mo'ini. Z, Rahmani-Nia. F, Rajabi. H, Aghaali-Nejad. H, Salami. F, Third edition. Volume 2. Tehran. Mobtakeran Publications. [In Persian].
Leger, D., Metlaine, A., & Choudat, D. (2005). Insomnia and sleep disruption: relevance for athletic performance. Clinics in sports medicine, 24(2), 269-285.
Horne, J. A., & Östberg, O. (1976). A self-assessment questionnaire to determine morningness-eveningness in human circadian rhythms. International journal of chronobiology.
Horne, J. A., & Pettitt, A. N. (1985). High incentive effects on vigilance performance during 72 hours of total sleep deprivation. Acta psychologica58(2), 123-139.
Reilly, T. (1990). Human circadian rhythms and exercise. Critical reviews in biomedical engineering18(3), 165-180.
Scott, J. P., McNaughton, L. R., & Polman, R. C. (2006). Effects of sleep deprivation and exercise on cognitive, motor performance and mood. Physiology & behavior87(2), 396-408.
Van Dongen, H., Maislin, G., Mullington, J. M., & Dinges, D. F. (2003). The cumulative cost of additional wakefulness: dose-response effects on neurobehavioral functions and sleep physiology from chronic sleep restriction and total sleep deprivation. Sleep, 26(2), 117-126.
Pierre, P. & et al (2005). Accident Analysis and Prevention. Sleep Medicine, (37): 473- 478.
Rognum, T. O., Vartdal, F., Rodahl, K., Opstad, P. K., Knudsen-baas, O., Kindt, E., & Withey, W. R. (1986). Physical and mental performance of soldiers on high-and low-energy diets during prolonged heavy exercise combined with sleep deprivation. Ergonomics29(7), 859-867.
Arshadi S, Banaeifar A, Tabatabaey H, Shakibatabar R. (2017) The Effect of Sleep and Sleep Deprivation on Cortisol and Testosterone Responses, Anaerobic Performance Indices and Blood Lactate in Active Men . Ilam University. 24 (6) :66-76. [In Persian].
Wu, H., Dunnett, S., Ho, Y. S., & Chnag, R. C. C. (2019). The role of sleep deprivation and circadian rhythm disruption as risk factors of Alzheimer’s disease. Frontiers in neuroendocrinology, 54:100764.
Hamid, A., Javad, M., Mojdeh, I. Eisa, Kh. (2019). Effects of overnight sleep deprivation on appetite and physical performance in elite female soccer players. Turkish Sleep Medicine, 6: 93-96. DOI: 10.4274/jtsm.galenos.2019.19480.
Arazi. H, Hoseini. K, Zahedabolhasani. M, (2014). The acute effects of 30 h sleep deprivation on serum levels of C-reactive protein and Physiological factors of RAST test in active students. Oloumzisti varzeshi 6(4), p: 383-397.‎ [In Persian].
Blumert, P. A., Crum, A. J., Ernsting, M., Volek, J. S., Hollander, D. B., Haff, E. E., & Haff, G. G. (2007). The acute effects of twenty-four hours of sleep loss on the performance of nationalcaliber male collegiate weightlifters. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 21(4), 1146-1154.‏
Takeuchi, L., Davis, G. M., Plyley, M., Goode, R., & Shephard, R. J. (1985). Sleep deprivation, chronic exercise and muscular performance. Ergonomics, 28(3), 591-601.‏
Kujawa, K., Ołpińska-Lischka, M., & Maciaszek, J. (2020). The Influence of 24-Hour Sleep Deprivation on the Strength of Lower Limb Muscles in Young and Physically Fit Women and Men. Sustainability, 12(7), 2762.
Bond, V., Balkissoon, B., Franks, B. D., Brwnlow, R., Caprarola, M., Bartley, D., & Banks, M. (1986). Effects of sleep deprivation on performance during submaximal and maximal exercise. The Journal of sports medicine and physical fitness, 26(2), 169-174.‏
Souissi, N., Sesboüé, B., Gauthier, A., Larue, J., & Davenne, D. (2003). Effects of one night's sleep deprivation on anaerobic performance the following day. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 89(3-4), 359-366.
Symons, J. D., VanHelder, T., & Myles, W. S. (1988). Physical performance and physiological responses following 60 hours of sleep deprivation. Medicine and science in sports and exercise, 20(4), 374-380.
Azboy, O., & Kaygisiz, Z. (2009). Effects of sleep deprivation on cardiorespiratory functions of the runners and volleyball players during rest and exercise. Acta Physiologica Hungarica96(1), 29-36.‏
NewsRx Health and Science. Sporting Activities, Football; getting extra sleep improves the athletic performance of collegiate football players. The 24th annual meeting of the Associated Professional Sleep Societies LLC; 2010 June 8; San Antonio, Texas.
Griffith, C. D., & Mahadevan, S. (2006). Sleep deprivation effect on human performance: a meta-analysis approach (PSAM-0010). In Proceedings of the Eighth International Conference on Probabilistic Safety Assessment & Management (PSAM). ASME Press.‏
Emet, M., et al. (2016). A review of melatonin, its receptors and drugs. 48(2): p. 135.
McMorris, T., Harris, R. C., Howard, A. N., Langridge, G., Hall, B., Corbett, J., & Hodgson, C. (2007). Creatine supplementation, sleep deprivation, cortisol, melatonin and behavior. Physiology & behavior90(1), 21-28.
Scheer, F. A., & Czeisler, C. A. (2005). Melatonin, sleep, and circadian rhythms. Sleep medicine reviews9(1), 5-9.
Martin, B. J., Bender, P. R., & Chen, H. I. (1986). Stress hormonal response to exercise after sleep loss. European journal of applied physiology and occupational physiology55(2), 210-214.
O'Connor, P. J., Morgan, W. P., Koltyn, K. F., Raglin, J. S., Turner, J. G., & Kalin, N. H. (1991). Air travel across four time zones in college swimmers. Journal of Applied Physiology70(2), 756-763.
Mougin, F., Bourdin, H., Simon-Rigaud, M. L., Nhu, U. N., Kantelip, J. P., & Davenne, D. (2001). Hormonal responses to exercise after partial sleep deprivation and after a hypnotic drug-induced sleep. Journal of sports sciences19(2), 89-97.
Dáttilo, M., Antunes, H. K. M., Galbes, N. M. N., Mônico-Neto, M., Dos Santos Quaresma, M. V. L., Lee, K. S., ... & MT, D. M. (2020). Effects of Sleep Deprivation on Acute Skeletal Muscle Recovery after Exercise. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 52(2), 507-514
Goh, V. H. H., Tong, T. Y. Y., Lim, C. L., Low, E. C. T., & Lee, L. K. H. (2001). Effects of one night of sleep deprivation on hormone profiles and performance efficiency. Military medicine166(5), 427-431.