اثر فعالیت ورزشی مقاومتی با محدودیت جریان خون و تنفس بر پاسخ تستوسترون، کورتیزول و نسبت تستوسترون به کورتیزول در مردان کشتی گیر

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد فیزیولوژی ورزشی، گروه فیزیولوژی ورزشی، پردیس دانشگاه گیلان، رشت، ایران

2 استاد فیزیولوژی ورزشی، گروه فیزیولوژی ورزشی، دانشکده علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه گیلان، رشت، ایران

3 کارشناس ارشد فیزیولوژی ورزشی، گروه فیزیولوژی ورزشی، دانشکده علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه گیلان، رشت، ایران

10.22049/jassp.2019.26600.1255

چکیده

هدف: فعالیت مقاومتی با شیوه‌های جدید تمرینی همچون استفاده از ماسک تمرینی و محدودیت جریان خون که با شدت‌های پایین‌تر نسبت به روش سنتی انجام می‌شود، پاسخ‌های فیزیولوژیکی مختلفی را به همراه دارد. از این رو، هدف اصلی این پژوهش بررسی اثر فعالیت مقاومتی با محدودیت جریان خون و تنفس بر پاسخ تستوسترون، کورتیزول و نسبت تستوسترون به کورتیزول در مردان کشتی‌گیر بود.
روش‌ها: در این مطالعه 8 مرد کشتی‌گیر (با میانگین سنی 7/4±87/26 سال و شاخص توده بدنی 49/2±26/25 کیلوگرم بر متر مربع) در سه هفته متوالی و به صورت تصادفی سه روش فعالیت مقاومتی سنتی (کنترل) (1RM 80%)، فعالیت مقاومتی به همراه محدودیت جریان خون و فعالیت مقاومتی با محدودیت تنفس ( 1RM30%) را انجام دادند. فعالیت مقاومتی شامل اجرای 4 نوبت 15 تکراری حرکت اسکوات بود. نمونه‌های خونی قبل و بلافاصله بعد از فعالیت جمع‌آوری شد. داده‌ها با استفاده از روش تحلیل واریانس با اندازه‌گیری مکرر و آزمون تعقیبی بونفرونی آنالیز شدند.
یافته‌ها: هر سه روش فعالیت مقاومتی (RE) موجب افزایش معنادار تستوسترون، نسبت تستوسترون به کورتیزول و عدم تغییر کورتیزول پس از فعالیت شد (001/0p <). اما تفاوت معناداری بین روش‌ها مشاهده نشد.
نتیجه‌گیری: نتایج این پژوهش نشان داد که فعالیت مقاومتی با با محدودیت جریان خون و تنفس می‌تواند مشابه فعالیت مقاومتی سنتی پاسخ‌های هورمونی مثبتی به همراه داشته باشد. بنابراین، به‌نظر می‌رسد این روش‌‌های تمرینی اثربخشی مناسبی برای بهبود تغییرات هورمونی دارد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The effect of resistance exercise with blood flow and respiratory restriction on testosterone, cortisol and testosterone/cortisol ratio responses in male wrestlers

نویسندگان [English]

  • Sina Norasteh 1
  • Bahman Mirzaei 2
  • Hamid Arazi 2
  • Abolfazl Rahmani 3
1 MSc Student of Exercise Physiology, Department of Exercise Physiology, University Campus, University of Guilan, Rasht, Iran
2 2. Professor of Exercise physiology, Department of Exercise physiology, Faculty of sport sciences, University of Guilan, Rasht, Iran
3 MSc of Exercise Physiology, Department of Exercise Physiology, Faculty of Sport Sciences, University of Guilan, Rasht, Iran
چکیده [English]

Objective: Resistance exercise with different methods such as the use of training masks and blood flow restrictions which are performed at lower intensities than the traditional ones is accompanied by various physiological responses. Therefore, the main purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of resistance exercise with blood flow and respiratory restriction on response of testosterone, cortisol and testosterone/cortisol ratio in male wrestlers.
Methods: In this study, eight male wrestlers (mean age 26.87±4.7 years and body mass index 25.26±2.49 kg/m2) were randomly assigned to three consecutive weeks in three method of traditional resistance exercises (Control) (with 80% 1RM), resistance exercise with blood flow restriction and resistance exercise with respiratory restriction (with 30% 1RM). Four sets of 15 repetitions for squat were considered as resistance exercise in all conditions. Blood samples were collected before and immediately after exercise. The data were analyzed by repeated measure ANOVA and Bonferroni post hoc test.
Results: All three methods of resistance exercise resulted in a significant increase in testosterone, testosterone/cortisol ratio, and no change in cortisol after exercise (p<0.001). However, no significant difference was observed between the methods.
Conclusion: The results of this study showed that resistance exercise with restriction of blood flow and respiration can have similar positive effect like to traditional resistance exercise on hormonal responses. Therefore, it seems that these training methods have a convenient effectiveness to improve hormonal changes.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Kaatsu
  • Respiratory restriction
  • Blood flow restriction
  • cortisol
  • testosterone
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دوره 6، شماره 2
پاییز و زمستان 1398
صفحه 47-55
  • تاریخ دریافت: 07 تیر 1398
  • تاریخ بازنگری: 11 شهریور 1398
  • تاریخ پذیرش: 30 بهمن 1398