تأثیر دو نوع ورزش طولانی مدت در خشکی و آب بر سطوح بتااندورفین پلاسمایی در زنان باردار

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری گروه فیزیولوژی ورزشی - دانشکده روانشناسی و علوم تربیتی- دانشگاه محقق اردبیلی - اردبیل- ایران

2 .دانشیار گروه فیزیولوژی ورزشی - دانشکده روانشناسی و علوم تربیتی- دانشگاه محقق اردبیلی - اردبیل-ایران

چکیده

بارداری با ایجاد تغییرات جسمانی و روانی خاص در زندگی زنان نه تنها می‌تواند درک آنان از کیفیت زندگی را متأثر سازد بلکه اجرای برخی از حرکات را برای انجام فعالیت های معمول زندگی مشکل می سازد. توصیه می شود زنان باردار باید به شرکت در برنامه‌های فعالیت بدنی منظم با شدت مناسب، که نشان داده شده‌ برای دوره بارداری ایمن هستند تشویق گردند. هدف از این مطالعه بررسی تأثیر 8 هفته تمرینات هوازی در خشکی و آب بر سطوح بتااندورفین پلاسمایی در زنان باردار بوده است. به این منظور 36 زن باردار 24 تا 30 ساله در سومین یا دومین بارداری خود به صورت تصادفی در سه گروه کنترل(A)، تمرین در خشکی (B) و تمرین در آب (C) تقسیم شدند. پس از خونگیری برای ارزیابی سطوح بتااندرفین، گروه‌ تمرین در آب، تمرینات هوازی در آب را با شدت 60 تا 70 درصد حداکثر ضربان قلب و به مدت 60 دقیقه، سه جلسه در هفته به مدت 8 هفته انجام دادند. گروه تمرین در خشکی تمرینات هوازی با شدت و مدت مشابه را در محیط بیرون آب و در سالن ورزشی انجام دادند. گروه کنترل در طی این مدت به زندگی عادی خود ادامه دادند. بررسی تغییرات بتااندورفین پلاسمایی در هر سه گروه نشان دادتمرین هوازی باعث افزایش معنیدار در سطوح بتااندورفین پلاسماییشده است و در مقایسه بین دو گروه تمرین در آب و تمرین در خشکی افزایش در سطوح بتاااندورفین پلاسمایی در گروه تمرین در آب بارزتر بود.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Evaluating the effect of two types of long-term exercise in land and water on plasma β-endorphin level in pregnant women

نویسندگان [English]

  • Roghayeh Gholizadeh 1
  • Nader Alijanpour 1
  • Lotfali Bolboli 2
  • Afshin Rahbar Ghazi 1
1 PhD student of Department of Exercise physiology, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili –Ardabil- Iran. Corresponding author afshinrahbar89@gmail.com
2 Associate Professor of Department of Exercise physiology, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili –Ardabil- Iran.
چکیده [English]

By creating specific physical and mental changes in women's lives, pregnancy not only affects their perceptions of quality of life, but also makes it difficult for them to perform certain movements to carry out everyday activities. It is recommended for pregnant women to participate in regular and intensive physical activity programs, since they have been shown to be effective and safe during pregnancy. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of 8 weeks of aerobic exercise in land and water on plasma β-endorphin level in pregnant women. For this purpose, 36 pregnant women aged 24-30 years were randomly assigned to one of the three groups of control (A), exercise in land (B), or exercise in water (C) in their third or second pregnancy. After blood sampling to assess the level of β-endorphin, the exercise group performed aerobic exercises in water at 60-70% of maximum heart rate for 60 minutes, three sessions per week for 8 weeks. The exercise group performed aerobic exercises with similar intensity and duration out of water environment and at sports hall. The control group continued their normal life during this period. Plasma β-endorphin changes in all three groups showed that aerobic exercise increased plasma β-endorphin level significantly. Comparing the plasma β-endorphin levels between two groups of exercise in water and exercise in land showed that increase in the level of β-endorphin was significantly more in exercise in water group than that in two other groups.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Key words: Aerobic physical activity
  • exercise in water
  • pregnant women
  • β-endorphin
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