تأثیر زمان مصرف شیر کاکائو بر برخی شاخص های آسیب عضلانی ناشی از فعالیت مقاومتی در مردان ورزشکار

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار فیزیولوژی ورزشی، دانشکده تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه تبریز، تبریز، ایران

2 دانشیار فیزیولوژی ورزشی، دانشکده تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه تبریز، تبریز، ایران

3 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد تربیت بدنی ، دانشکده تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه تبریز، تبریز ، ایران

چکیده

تعیین تأثیر زمان مصرف مکمل شیر کاکائو بر برخی شاخص‌های آسیب عضلانی ناشی از فعالیت مقاومتی در مردان بود. سی و سه مرد ورزشکار با دامنه سنی 3±21 سال، وزن81/7±65/67 کیلوگرم، درصد چربی40/4±78/10 درصد بصورت داوطلبانه انتخاب و در سه گروه 11 نفری همگن کنترل (CL)، مصرف نوشیدنی قبل از قرارداد ورزشی (DB)، مصرف نوشیدنی بعد از قرارداد ورزشی (DA) قرار گرفتند. همه آزمودنی‌ها فعالیت مقاومتی پرس پا، پرس سینه و پشت پا را با شدت 70 درصد یک تکرار بیشینه در 3 ست 10 تکراری انجام دادند. گروه DB نوشیدنی شیر‌کاکائو را قبل و گروه DA بلافاصله بعد از فعالیت مقاومتی مصرف کردند و گروه سوم تنها فعالیت مقاومتی را اجرا کردند. نمونه-های خونی در مراحل قبل از فعالیت، 45 دقیقه و 24 ساعت بعد از فعالیت مقاومتی برای سنجش کراتین‌کیناز (CK)، لاکتات دهیدروژناز (LDH) و لاکتات سرمی (LA) جمع آوری شدند. داده‌ها با استفاده از آزمون‌های آنوای 3×3 ، آنوا یک راهه و آزمون تعقیبی بونفرونی در سطح معنی‌داری 05/0<α بررسی شدند. در گروه DA مقدار لاکتات پایین‌تری نسبت به گروه DB (043/0=P) و گروه CL (008/0=P) در مرحله دوم خونگیری مشاهده شد. همچنین مقدار CK در گروه DA 24 ساعت بعد از ورزش کاهش معنی‌داری نسبت به گروه کنترل داشت (024/0=P) اما در مقادیر لاکتات دهیدروژناز تأثیر معنی‌داری در مراحل مختلف گزارش شد (54/0=P) که به نظر می‌رسد مصرف شیر‌کاکائو بعد از فعالیت‌های ورزشی می‌تواند در کاهش آسیب‌های عضلانی مؤثر باشد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effects of Cacao milk consumption timing on some muscle damage indexes following of resistance exercise in male athletes

نویسندگان [English]

  • Javad Vakili 1
  • vahid sari sarraf 2
  • Maryam Shamsi 3
1 Assistant Professor in Exercise physiology,Faculty of sport Science, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran
2 Associate Professor in Exercise physiology,Faculty of sport Science, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran.
3 MSc Student in Physical Education, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran
چکیده [English]

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of time-consuming chocolate milk on some muscle damage indexes and performance of resistance exercise in male athletes. 33 male student-athletes 3±21 years old , Weight 81/7±65/67 body fat percentage 40/4±78/10% are recruited and randomly assigned to 3 groups, including control group(n=11), Group chocolate milk supplementation half an hour before resistance exercise (n=11) and Group supplementation chocolate milk immediately after exercise (n=11). Resistance exercise protocol includes movements of leg press, bench press, and the instep with 70% of one repetition maximum in 3 sets of 10 repetitions were performed. Blood sample were collected to measure index Creatine kinase (CK), Lactate Dehydrogenase (LDH) and serum lactate (LA) in 3 stages: Before, 45 minutes of activity and 24 hours after exercise. For data analysis, analysis of variance with ANOVA 3×3, ANOVA with Bonferroni test to check if the difference was statistically significant and meaningful level for all tests Alpha was set up to 0/05. In Group DA, the amount of lactate lower compared to DB (P=0/043) and CL (P=0/008) was observed in the second stage of sampling. The amount of CK Group DA 24 hours of exercise a significant decline compared to the control group (P=0/024) But no significant changes in serum LDH levels (P=0/54) to consider Cacao milk consumption reaches of sport activities can be effective in reducing muscle damages.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Creatine kinase
  • Lactate Dehydrogenase
  • Serum Lactate
  • Eccentric Resistance exercise
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