اثر مصرف مکمل زغال اخته و تمرین تناوبی با شدت بالا بر سطوح پلاسمایی فاکتورهای فیبرینولیزی زنان یائسه چاق غیر فعال

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 گروه فیزیولوژی ورزشی، دانشکده تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه ارومیه، ارومیه، ایران.

2 گروه حرکات اصلاحی و آسیب شناسی، دانشکده علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه علامه طباطبایی، تهران، ایران.

3 فیزیولوژی ورزشی، دانشکده تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه ارومیه، ارومیه، ایران.

10.22049/jassp.2019.26565.1233

چکیده

هدف: هدف پژوهش حاضر بررسی اثر مصرف مکمل زغال اخته و تمرین تناوبی با شدت بالا بر سطوح پلاسمایی tPA و PAI-1 در زنان یائسه چاق غیر فعال بود.
روش کار: 28 زن یائسه چاق به طور تصادفی طی 4 گروه : 1- تمرین تناوبی شدید + پلاسیبو 2- مصرف مکمل زغال اخته 3- تمرین تناوبی شدید + مصرف مکمل زغال اخته 4- گروه کنترل، تمرین تناوبی با شدت بالا را به مدت 8 هفته و3 جلسه در هفته و مکمل زغال اخته خشک را به صورت محلول در آب به مدت 8 هفته به میزان 50 گرم در هر روز مصرف کردند. متغیر های ترکیب بدنی ، نیمرخ لیپیدی و سطوح پلاسمایی tPA و PAI-1 در 2 مرحله پیش آزمون و پس آزمون اندازه گیری شد.
یافته ها: نتایج نشان داد که پس از 8 هفته تغییرات HDL , TG در گروه تمرین تناوبی شدید + مصرف دارونما، تغییرات PAI-1 در گروه تمرین تناوبی شدید به همراه مصرف دارونما (HIIT+P) و همچنین در گروه تمرین تناوبی شدید + مصرف مکمل زغال اخته (HIIT+S) (P<0/05). در حالی که تغییرات VLDL و کلسترول در گروه HIIT+P و تغییرات HDL و VLDL در گروه HIIT+S نسبت به گروه دارونما (P) معنی دار نبود (P<0/05).
نتیجه گیری: تمرین تناوبی با شدت بالا با و بدون مصرف مکمل زغال اخته نقش موثری در کاهش PAI-1 و بهبود نیم‌رخ لیپیدی در زنان یائسه چاق غیر فعال ایفا می کند، با این حال تغییرات tPA پلاسمایی را تحت تاثیر قرار نمی‌دهد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The effect of Blueberry Consumption and High Intensity Interval Training on Fibrinolysis factors plasma levels in inactive obese menopausal women

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mahshid Rashidi 1
  • Bakhtiyar Tartibian 2
  • Shadi Golpasandi 3
1 Department of Exercise Physiology, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, University of Urmia, Urmia, Iran.
2 Department of Sport Injuries and Corrective Exercise, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Allameh Tabataba&rsquo;i University, Tehran, Iran.
3 Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, University of Urmia, Urmia, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Aims: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of Blueberry Consumption and high intensity interval training on plasma levels of TPA and PAI-1 in inactive obese menopausal women.
Methods: Twenty four overweight and obese postmenopausal women were randomly into four groups including: 1.exterem periodic exercise +placebo 2. Use of blueberries supplement 3. High intensity interval training +use of blueberries supplement 4. Control group. High intensity interval training group (HIIT) were performed for 8 weeks and 3 session per week and consumers of blueberries supplement, supplement blueberries, water –soluble in water for 8 weeks at a dose of 50 g per day used. Physical composition, lipid profiles and plasma levels of tPA and PAI-1 were measured in 2 stages of pre and post –test.
Results: The result of the data analysis showed that after 8 weeks, HDL, TG changes in high intensity interval training group with placebo (P<0.05). However, VLDL, PAI-1 changes in high intensity interval training with placebo(HIIT+P) and also in high intensity interval training with supplementation of blueberries (HIIT+S) and cholesterol changes in the HIIT+P group and changes in HDL and VLDL were not significant in the HIIT +S group compared to placebo (P< 0.05).
Conclusion: High intensity interval training with and without supplementation of blueberries play an effective role in reducing PAI-1 and improving lipid profiles in inactive obese menopausal women , however, do not effect plasma TPA changes.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • High Intensity interval training
  • cardiovascular risk factor
  • tPA
  • PAI-1
  • Menopause
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