تأثیر سطوح استحکام روانی بر اضطراب حالتی تحت فشار روانی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

چکیده

هدف پژوهش حاضر، بررسی تأثیر استحکام روانی بر اضطراب حالتی تحت­فشار روانی در ورزشکاران دختر دانشگاه تبریز بود. بدین منظور، 30 دانشجوی دختر با میانگین سنی 18-27 سال در این پژوهش شرکت کردند و با استفاده از پرسش­نامه استحکام روانی 48 (کلاف و همکاران 2002) شرکت‌کنندگان به دو گروه استحکام روانی بالا و پایین تقسیم شدند. اضطراب صفتی و حالتی آزمودنی‌ها، با استفاده از پرسش­نامه حالت رگه اضطراب اسپیلبرگر مشخص و با استفاده از حضور تماشاگران و ایجاد رقابت برای کسب جایزه، افراد تحت­فشار روانی قرار گرفتند. پس از اعمال فشار روانی، اضطراب حالتی افراد ارزیابی شد. یافته‌های آزمون تحلیل کوواریانس نشان داد، بین اضطراب حالتی در دو گروه تفاوت معناداری وجود دارد. گروه استحکام روانی پایین اضطراب حالتی بیشتری نسبت به گروه استحکام روانی بالا در شرایط فشار نشان دادند. یافته‌های آزمون همبستگی پیرسون نشان داد ارتباط قوی و منفی بین استحکام روانی و خرده مقیاس‌ها با اضطراب صفتی و حالتی در شرایط عادی و فشار وجود دارد (05/0>p). یافته‌های پژوهش نشان می­دهد که سطوح استحکام روانی یکی از عوامل تأثیرگذار بر اضطراب حالتی در شرایط فشار روانی می­باشد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effect Of Mental Toughness Levels On State Anxiety Under Stress

چکیده [English]

The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effect of mental toughness on state anxiety under stress in female athletes of Tabriz University. For this reason, 30 students with an average age of 18-27 years participated in this study. Participants were divided into two groups of high and low mental toughness using mental toughness questionnaire 48 (Clough et al 2002).Subjects' state and trait anxiety was assessed using Spielberger's State-Trait Anxiety questionnare andmental stress was applied through spectators and competition for prize. The state Anxiety was assessed after applying the mental stress. ANCOVA analysis indicated that there was significant difference between groups in state anxiety. Under the mental stress the participants with low levels of mental toughness showed greater state anxiety. The results of Pearson correlation test also revealed that there was strong negative relationship between mental toughness subscales and trait and state anxiety in normal condition and under stress (p<0.05). The findings of the study suggest that levels of mental toughness have significant effect on state anxiety under stress.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • mental toughness
  • state anxiety
  • Mental

 

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