تأثیر تمرینات ترکیبی بر سطح سرمی کینزین-1 و عملکرد فیزیکی در مردان سالمند مبتلا به دیابت نوع 2

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی Released under (CC BY-NC 4.0) license I Open Access I

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد، دانشکده علوم انسانی، دانشگاه البرز، آبیک ،ایران

2 دکترای فیزیولوژی ورزشی، دانشکده علوم‌تربیتی و روانشناسی، دانشگاه محقق اردبیلی، اردبیل،ایران

3 استادیار گروه فیزیولوژی ورزشی، گروه تربیت‌بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشکده علوم اجتماعی، دانشگاه بین المللی امام خمینی(ره) ، قزوین، ایران

10.22049/jahssp.2023.28991.1587

چکیده

هدف: دیابت نوع 2 وضعیتی است که منجر به اختلال در حمل و نقل آکسونی می‌شود و ورزش می‌تواند منجر به بهبود آن شود. با این حال، مکانیسم‌ها و تأثیر ورزش در این اختلالات به طور کامل شناخته نشده است. هدف از مطالعه حاضر  تأثیر تمرینات ترکیبی بر کینزین-1 سرمی و عملکرد جسمانی مردان سالمند مبتلا به  دیابت نوع 2  بود. روش شناسی: در این مطالعه نیمه تجربی بالینی 16 مرد سالمند مبتلا به دیابت (سن: 50/1± 07/67 سال) به طور تصادفی در دو گروه کنترل و  گروه تمرینات مقاومتی هوازی به طور مساوی قرار گرفتند. تمرینات به مدت هشت هفته و سه جلسه در هفته به مدت 90 دقیقه انجام شد. متغیر خونی کینزین-1 و شاخص‌های جسمانی 48 ساعت قبل و بعد از تمرین، اندازه‌گیری شدند. از آزمون تی زوجی برای بررسی تغییرات درون‌گروهی و از  آزمون آنکوا برای بررسی تفاوت بین گروه‌ها  استفاده شد. کلیه محاسبات آماری با استفاده از نرم‌افزار SPSS نسخه 23 در سطح معنی­داری 05/0P< انجام شد. یافته­ها : آزمون تی زوجی نشان می‌دهد در گروه تمرین مقادیر کینزین-1 (14/4= t،08/0=P) کاهش، قدرت پائین تنه(26/2= t، 01/0=P) افزایش معنادار و مقادیر استقامت هوازی (15/5= t،07/0=P) و  قدرت بالاتنه (80/1=t، 09/0=P) پس از مداخله افزایش داشتند. آنالیز بین گروهی، افزایش معناداری را در مقادیر استقامت هوازی(006/0= P، 80/11=F) و قدرت پایین تنه (01/0= P، 80/10=F) نشان داد. همچنین سطوح کینزین-1 (07/0= P، 23/61=F) کاهش و قدرت بالا تنه(08/0=P، 70/8=F)  افزایش داشتند ولی معنادار نبودند. نتیجه‌گیری: احتمالا تجویز تمرینات ترکیبی در سالمندان مبتلا به دیابت نوع 2 باعث بهبود  شاخص‌های جسمانی و مقادیرکینزین-1 در سالمندان دیابتی شده است.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effects of combined exercise on serum kinesin-1 levels and physical performance in elderly men with type 2 diabetes

نویسندگان [English]

  • Seydeh Parisa Hashmi 1
  • Seyed Hamed Ghiyami 2
  • Hassan Pourrazi 3
1 Master&#039;s student, Faculty of Humanities, Alborz University, Abyek, Iran
2 Phd in Sports Physiology, Faculty of Educational Sciences and Psychology, Mohaghegh Ardabili University, Ardabil, Iran
3 Assistant Professor, Department of Physical Education and Sports Science, Faculty of Social Sciences, Imam Khomeini International University, Qazvin, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Aim:      Type 2 diabetes is a condition that leads to impaired axonal transport, and exercise can lead to its improvement. However, the mechanisms and effects of exercise in these disorders still need to be fully understood. This study aimed to examine the effect of combined exercises on serum kinesin-1 and the physical performance of older men with type 2 diabetes. Method:   In this clinical semi-experimental study, 16 older men with diabetes (age: 67.07 ± 1.50 years) were randomly divided into two control groups and aerobic resistance training groups. The exercises were done for eight weeks and three sessions per week for 90 minutes. Kinesin-1 blood variable and performance  physical  were measured 48 hours before and after training. Paired t-test was used to check intra-group changes, and the ANCOVA test was used to check the difference between groups. All statistical calculations were performed using SPSS version 23 software at a significance level of P<0.05.Results: Paired t-test shows that in the training group, kinesin-1 values (t = 4.14, P = 0.08) decreased, lower body strength (t = 2.26, P = 0.01) significantly increased, and aerobic endurance values ( t=5.15, P=0.07) and upper body strength (t=1.80, P=0.09) increased after the intervention. Intergroup analysis showed a significant increase in aerobic endurance values (P=0.006, F=11.80) and lower body strength (P=0.01, F=10.80). Also, the levels of kinesin-1 (P=0.07, F=61.23) decreased, and upper body strength increased (P=0.08, F=8.70), but they were not significant. Conclusion: According to the results of prescribing combined exercises in The elderly with type 2 diabetes, it can have the most excellent effect on improving functional indices and improving kinesin-1 values in diabetic elderly.Conclusion:  Prescribing combined exercises in the elderly with type 2 diabetes has probably improved  physical performance and kinesin-1 levels in the elderly with diabetes

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Combined exercises
  • kinesin-1
  • physical performance
  • elderly
  • type 2 diabetes
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