تأثیر 6 هفته تمرین تناوبی شدید بر پروفایل لیپیدی، شاخص‌های ترکیب بدنی و VO2max مردان سیگاری دارای اضافه‌وزن

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی Released under (CC BY-NC 4.0) license I Open Access I

نویسندگان

1 گروه فیزیولوژی ورزشی دانشگاه محقق اردبیلی، اردبیل، ایران

2 استاد فیزیولوژی ورزشی، دانشگاه محقق اردبیلی، اردبیل، ایران

3 دانشگاه محقق اردبیلی گروه تربیت بدنی

10.22049/jahssp.2023.28194.1529

چکیده

هدف: هدف این مطالعه بررسی تأثیر شش هفته تمرین تناوبی شدید بر پروفایل لیپیدی، شاخص‌های ترکیب بدنی و VO2max مردان سیگاری دارای اضافه‌وزن بود. روش‌شناسی: 20 مرد با میانگین سنی 13/4 ± 03/45 سال و میانگین شاخص توده بدنی 32/3 ± 41/27 به‌طور داوطلبانه در این مطالعه شرکت کردند که به‌طور تصادفی به دو گروه تجربی (10=n) و کنترل (10=n) تقسیم شدند. گروه تجربی طی 6 هفته، هر هفته 3 جلسه تمرینات تناوبی انجام دادند. تمرینات شامل 10 مرحله فعالیت باشدت 95-85 درصد ضربان قلب ماکزیمم و مدت‌زمان هر مرحله فعالیت 90 ثانیه بود که با 60 ثانیه ریکاوری فعال همراه بود. قبل و 48 ساعت پس از تمرینات از آزمودنی‌ها در حالت ناشتا خون‌گیری به عمل آمد. همچنین شاخص‌های ترکیب بدنی و VO2max اندازه‌گیری شد. برای مقایسه درون‌گروهی از آزمون t همبسته و برای مقایسه بین گروهی از آزمون t مستقل و تحلیل کوواریانس چند متغیره استفاده شد. یافته‌ها: بین مقادیر پس‌آزمون گروه‌های تمرینی و کنترل تفاوت معنی‌داری برای VO2max (001/0=p) و HDL (016/0=p) مشاهده شد اما تفاوت پس‌آزمون برای TG , LDL ,TC و شاخص‌های آنتروپومتریکی معنی‌دار نبود (05/0<p). نتایج آزمون t همبسته در گروه تمرین نشان داد سطوح HDL و VO2max در مقایسه با پیش‌آزمون افزایش معنی‌داری داشته است (P < 0.05) ولی تغییرات سایر لیپوپروتئین‌ها، درصد چربی بدن، دور شکم و نسبت کمر به باسن در گروه تمرینی معنی‌دار نبود (05/0<p). نتیجه‌گیری: شش هفته تمرین تناوبی شدید باعث افزایش معنی‌دار HDL و VO2max و کاهش غیر معنی‌دار برخی شاخص‌های ترکیب بدن و سطوح TG ,LDL ,TC در مردان سیگاری دارای اضافه‌وزن می‌شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

The effect of 6 weeks of intense interval training on lipid profile, body composition indices and VO2max in overweight male smokers

نویسندگان [English]

  • Habib Abdi 1
  • Lotfali Bolboli 2
  • Roghayyeh Afroundeh 3
1 department of Exercise Physiology, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran
2 Professor of Sport Physiology, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran
3 University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Department of Exercise Physiology
چکیده [English]

Aim:     The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of six weeks of intense interval training on lipid profile, body composition indices and VO2max of overweight male smokers. Methods: 20 men with an average age of 46.41 ± 4.48 years and BMI (27.41±3.32), voluntarily participated in this study and were randomly divided into experimental (n=10) and control (n=10) groups. The experimental group performed interval exercises for 6 weeks, 3 sessions per week. The exercises consisted of 10 steps of activity at 85-95% of maximum heart rate for 90 seconds, which was accompanied by 60 seconds of active recovery. Before and 48 hours after the exercises, fasting blood was taken from the subjects. Body composition indices and VO2max were also measured. Paired t-test, independent t-test and multivariate analysis of covariance was used for intra-group and inter-groups comparison. Results A significant difference was observed between the post-test values of the training and control groups for VO2max (p=0.001) and HDL (p=0.016), but the post-test difference was not significant for TG, LDL, TC and anthropometric indices (p>0.05).  The results of the paired t-test in the training group showed that HDL and VO2max levels increased significantly compared to the pre-test (P < 0.05), but the changes in other lipoproteins, body fat percentage, abdominal circumference, and waist-to-hip ratio in the training group were not significant (p>0.05). Conclusions:   Six weeks of intense interval training causes a significant increase in HDL and VO2max and non-significant decrease in some body composition indicators and TG, LDL, and TC levels in overweight male smokers.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Lipid profile
  • interval training
  • male smokers
  • overweight
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