تاثیر تمرین ترکیبی (هوازی، مقاومتی و تعادلی) بر گالکتین-3، عوامل خطرزای قلبی و عروقی و بهزیستی روانشناختی در سالمندان دارای اضافه وزن

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی Released under (CC BY-NC 4.0) license I Open Access I

نویسندگان

1 استادیار گروه تربیت بدنی، واحد بیرجند، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی بیرجند، بیرجند، ایران.

2 2. استادیار گروه علوم ورزشی، دانشکده ادبیات و علوم انسانی، دانشگاه زابل، زابل، ایران

3 3. کارشناس ارشد تربیت بدنی، بیرجند، ایران

4 3. کارشناس ارشدتربیت بدنی، بیرجند، ایران

10.22049/jahssp.2023.28231.1534

چکیده

هدف: افزایش گالکتین-3 و اختلـال در نیمـرخ لیپیـدی از عوامـل خطـر حوادث قلبی در دوران سـالمندی محسـوب می­شـود و ورزش بـه­عنـوان یـک راهکار تعدیل کننده ایـن وضعیـت پیشـنهاد شـده اسـت. هدف از این مطالعه بررسی تاثیر هشت هفته تمرینات ترکیبی بر گالکتین-3، عوامل خطرزای قلبی و عروقی و بهزیستی روانشناختی در سالمندان دارای اضافه وزن بود. روش شناسی: در این مطالعه نیمه تجربی، 40 مرد سالمند داوطلب دارای اضافه وزن غیرفعال با دامنه سنی 60 تا 75 سال به روش نمونه گیری هدفمند و در دسترس انتخاب و به­طور تصادفی در دو گروه تمرین و کنترل قرار گرفتند. تمرین ترکیبی شامل بخش­های هوازی (40 تا 65 درصد ضربان قلب بیشینه)، مقاومتی (میزان درک فشار 5 تا 8  براساس OMNI) و تعادلی به مدت هشت هفته (سه جلسه در هفته) اجرا شد. شاخص های گالکتین به روش الایزا، پروفایل لیپید به روش آنزیماتیک و بهزیستی روانشناختی با پرسشنامه ریف سنجش شدند. داده­ها با استفاده از آزمون­های تی مستقل، تحلیـل کوواریانس و همبستگی پیرسون سنجش گردیدند. یافته‌ها: هشت هفته تمرین ترکیبی باعث کاهش معنی‌دار گالکتین-3 (01/0=P)، TG (001/0=P)، TC (01/0=P)، LDL (001/0=P)، WHR (01/0=P)، درصد چربی (01/0=P) و افزایش معنی‌دار HDL (01/0=P) و بهزیستی روانشناختی (01/0=P) گردید. همچنین بین نمره بهزیستی روانشناختی با HDL  (01/0=P) همبستگی مثبت و با گالکتین-3 (01/0=P) و LDL  (03/0=P) همبستگی معکوس و معنادار مشاهده شد. نتیجه گیری: به­نظر می­رسد تمرین ترکیبی با بهبود ترکیب بدنی و کاهش گالکتین-3 و چربی­های خون خطر ابتلا به بیماری­های قلبی عروقی و اختلالات شناختی را در سالمندان کاهش می­دهد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The effect of multicomponent training (aerobic, resistance and balance) on galectin-3, cardiovascular risk factors and psychological well-being in overweight elderly

نویسندگان [English]

  • Kazem Cheraghbirjandi 1
  • Elham Ghasemi 2
  • Meysam Hosseinzade 3
  • Dnayal Allahyari 4
1 Assistant Professor of department of Physical Education, Birjand Branch, Islamic Azad University, Birjand, Iran
2 Assistant Professor of department of Sport Sciences, Faculty of Literature and Humanities, University of Zabol, Zabol, Iran
3 Master of physical education, Birjand, Iran
4 Master of physical education, Birjand , Iran
چکیده [English]

The increase of galectin-3 and disturbance in the lipid profile are considered as risk factors for cardiac events in old age, and exercise has been proposed as a modulating solution to this situation. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of eight weeks of multicomponent training elderly. Methods: In this s Quasi -experimental study, 40 inactive overweight elderly men with an age range of 60 to 75 years were selected using a targeted and accessible sampling method and were randomly assigned to two training and control groups. Multicomponent training including aerobic (40 to 65% of maximum heart rate), resistance (5 to 8 pressure perception according to OMNI) and balance sections was performed for eight weeks (3 sessions per week).  Galectin-3 by ELISA method, lipid profile by enzymatic method and psychological well-being by Riff questionnaire were measured.  Data were measured using independent t-tests, analysis of covariance and Pearson correlation. Results: Eight weeks of multicomponent training caused a significant decrease in galectin-3 (P=0.01), TG (P=0.001), TC (P=0.01), LDL (P=0.001), WHR (P=0.01), fat percentage (P=0.01) and a significant increase in HDL (P=0.01) and psychological well-being (P=0.01). Also, there was a positive correlation between the psychological well-being score with HDL (P=0.01) and an inverse correlation with Galectin-3 (P=0.01) and LDL (P=0.03). Conclusions: Multicomponent training seem to reduce the risk of cardiovascular diseases and cognitive disorders in the elderly by improving body composition and reducing galectin-3, fibrinogen, and blood lipids.  

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Exercise
  • Aging
  • Galectin-3
  • Cardiovascular disease
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