تاثیر یک دوره ویبریشن کل بدن بر افسردگی، سروتونین و نوراپی نفرین سرم زنان یائسه با کم کاری تیروئید

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی Released under (CC BY-NC 4.0) license I Open Access I

نویسندگان

1 گروه تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشکده علوم انسانی، دانشگاه آیت الله العظمی بروجردی (ره)، بروجرد، ایران.

2 گروه تربیت بدنی، دانشکده علوم انسانی، دانشگاه فنی و حرفه ای، تهران،ایران.

10.22049/jahssp.2023.28185.1528

چکیده

هدف: کم کاری تیروئید به­همراه یائسگی اثر مضاعفی بر افسردگی زنان یائسه دارد که فعالیت ورزشی با افزایش میانجی­های عصبی منجر به بهبود خلق و خو می­شود. هدف از این مطالعه تعیین تاثیر یک دوره ویبریشن کل بدن بر افسردگی، سروتونین و نوراپی نفرین زنان یائسه با کم کاری تیروئید بود. روش شناسی: در این مطالعه نیمه­تجربی 20 زن یائسه با کم کاری تیروئید 46 تا 57 ساله شهرستان خرم آباد انتخاب و به دو گروه 10 نفره: کنترل(C)  و تمرین ویبریشن کل بدن(V) ، تقسیم شدند. گروهV ، این تمرینات را به مدت 12 هفته و سه بار در هفته، با فرکانس 30 تا 50 هرتز،  با دامنه یک تا دو میلی­متر با اعمال 20 تا 30 دقیقه ویبریشن 5 تا 15 دقیقه تمرین اندام فوقانی و تحتانی را انجام دادند. در دو مرحله شروع و پایان مطالعه سطح سروتونین و نوراپی نفرین سرم خون با استفاده از روش الایزا، میزان افسردگی با استفاده از پرسشنامه بک، درصد چربی بدن، شاخص توده بدنی و وزن بدن مورد سنجش قرار گرفت. با توجه به طبیعی بودن توزیع داده­ها از روش­های آماری تی مستقل و کوواریانس، در سطح معناداری 05/0 تجزیه ‌و تحلیل استفاده شد. یافته‌ها: 12 هفته تمرین ویبریشن کل بدن در گروه V باعث افزایش معنادار سطح سرمی سروتونین (001/0P=)، نوراپی نفرین (001/0P=) و کاهش افسردگی (018/0P=) نسبت به گروه کنترل شد. همچنین کاهش معناداری در میزان درصد چربی بدن (041/0P=)، شاخص توده بدن (044/0P=) و وزن (047/0P=) دیده شد. نتیجه‌گیری: به نظر می‌رسد که تمرینات ویبریشن احتمالا از طریق افزایش میزان سروتونین و نوراپی نفرین سرم موجب کاهش افسردگی زنان یائسه مبتلا به کم کاری تیروئید می­شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effect of a Whole Body Vibration Course on Depression, Serotonin and Norepinephrine Indices in Postmenopausal Women with Hypothyroidism

نویسندگان [English]

  • Amir Khosravi 1
  • Sedigheh Taherzadeh 2
1 Department of Physical Education and Exercise Science، Faculty of Humanities, Ayatollah Ozma Borujerdi University, Borujerd, Iran.
2 Department of Physical Education, Faculty of Human Sciences, Technical and Vocational University (TVU), Tehran, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Aim:  hypothyroidism in addition to menopause has a double effect on depression in postmenopausal women, and sports activity improves mood by increasing neurotransmitters. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of a period of whole body vibration course on depression, the levels of serotonin and norepinephrine indices in postmenopausal women with hypothyroidism. Methods: In this semi experimental study, 20 postmenopausal women with hypothyroidism aged 46 to 57 were selected from Khorramabad city and divided into two groups of 10: control (C) and whole body vibration training (V). Group V performed these exercises for 12 weeks and three times a week, with a frequency of 30 to 50 Hz, with a range of 1 to 2 mm, applying 20 to 30 minutes of vibration and 5 to 15 minutes of upper and lower limb training. At the beginning and end of the study, blood serum serotonin and norepinephrine levels were measured using the ELISA method, depression was measured using the Beck questionnaire, body fat percentage, body mass index, and body weight. Due to the normality of data distribution, independent t and covariance statistical methods were used for analysis at a significance level of 0.05. Results: 12 weeks of whole body vibration training in group V significantly increased the serum levels of serotonin (P=0.001), norepinephrine (P=0.001) and decreased depression (P=0.018) compared to the control group. There was also a significant decrease in body fat percentage (P=0.041), body mass index (P=0.044) and weight (P=0.047). Conclusions:  It seems that vibration training may reduce depression in postmenopausal women with hypothyroidism by increasing serum serotonin and norepinephrine levels.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Vibration
  • Serotonin
  • Norepinephrine
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Depression
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