بررسی تأثیر مداخله هشت‌هفته‌ای تمرینات اینتروال با شدت بالا به همراه مصرف مکمل شیر بر اشتها و ترکیب بدن زنان چاق

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی Released under (CC BY-NC 4.0) license I Open Access I


گروه علوم ورزشی، دانشکده علوم انسانی، دانشگاه سمنان، سمنان، ایران


هدف این تحقیق بررسی تأثیر هشت هفته تمرین اینتروال با شدت بالا به همراه مصرف شیر بر اشتها
و ترکیب بدن زنان چاق بود. تعداد 30 نفر از زنان چاق بهعنوان نمونههای در دسترس در این پژوهش
شرکت کردند. افراد با آرایش تصادفی در سه گروه کنترل، تمرین+ شیر و تمرین تقسیم شدند. آزمودنی
گروههای تمرین به مدت هشت هفته به انجام تمرین HIIT درجا با شدت 70 تا 90 درصد max2OV پرداختند. برای اندازهگیری اشتها، از پرسشنامههای VAS استفاده شد. در این تحقیق گروه تمرین + شیر
مقدار 236 میلیلیتر شیر ده دقیقه بعد از ورزش مصرف کردند. برای تحلیل دادهها از آزمون t همبسته و
وابسته در سطح معناداری
P با نرمافزار SPSS انجام شد . نتایج نشان داد که در هر چهار فاکتور
اشتها )گرسنگی، سیری، میل به غذا و توانایی خوردن( در گروههای تمرین+ شیر و تمرین بعد از جلسات
تمرینی پس از هشت هفته کاهش معنیداری وجود دارد (sig=0.001) ولی در گروه کنترل تغییر معنیداری
مشاهده نشد (sig=0.43) . همچنین برای ترکیب بدن نتایج نشان داد که در گروههای تمرین+ شیر و تمرین
در هر سه فاکتور )درصد چربی، وزن و شاخص تودهی بدن( کاهش معنیداری وجود دارد .(sig =0.001)
ولی در گروه کنترل تفاوت معنیداری مشاهده نشد 0.53) (. تحقیق حاضر نشان داد که پس از هشت هفته
تمرین HIIT اشتها و ترکیب بدن در دو گروه تمرین و تمرین + شیر بهبود یافت، پیشنهاد میشود پروتکل
تمرینی HIIT و مصرف شیر بهمنظور کاهش اشتها و بهبود ترکیب بدن زنان چاق در نظر گرفته شود.



عنوان مقاله [English]

The effect of eight weeks high-intensity interval training with milk supplementation on Appetite and Body Composition in obese women

نویسندگان [English]

  • Fariba Zarineh
  • Seyed Mohsen Avandi
  • Mohsen Ebrahimi
Department of Sport Sciences, Faculty of Humanities, Semnan University, Semnan, Iran.
چکیده [English]

The control of appetite and energy balance is key to weight control. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of eight weeks high-intensity interval training with milk supplementation on appetite and body composition in obese women. 30 obese women selected and divided into three groups control, Training and Training + milk randomly. Training groups undertook HIIT training for eight weeks with 70 to 90 percent of VO2max. To measure appetite, specific questionnaires (VAS) were used. Subjects in this study, 236 ml of milk was given to subjects after 10 minutes of training. For data analysis, t test was performed at the significance level of P

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Appetite
  • Interval training
  • Milk
  • Obesity
1. Martins C, Stensvold D, Finlayson G, Holst J, Wisloff U, Kulseng B, et al. Effect of moderate-and high-intensity acute exercise on appetite in obese individuals. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise. 2015;47(1):40-8.
2. Goff DC, Lloyd-Jones DM, Bennett G, Coady S, D’Agostino RB, Gibbons R, et al. 2013 ACC/AHA guideline on the assessment of cardiovascular risk: a report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines. Journal of the American College of Cardiology. 2014;63(25_PA).
3. Dâmaso A, Do Prado W, De Piano A, Tock L, Caranti D, Lofrano M, et al. Relationship between nonalcoholic fatty liver disease prevalence and visceral fat in obese adolescents. Digestive and Liver Disease. 2008;40(2):132-9.
4. Ismail MS, Al Qahiz M. Can Dietary Calcium Body Weight Los. 2016.
5. Hill JO, Wyatt HR, Reed GW, Peters JC. Obesity and the environment: where do we go from here? Science. 2003;299(5608):853-5.
6. Mohammad Reza Hamedinia, Hadi Yar Ahmadi, Seyyed Ali reza Hosseini Kakhk, Amir Hossein Haghighi. Effect of one session of moderate to severe exercise intensity on appetite, glycerol, serum glucose and serum lactate in healthy men.
7. Alviña M, Araya H. Functional Food to Regulate Satiety and Energy Intake in Human. The Open Agriculture Journal. 2016;10(1).
8. Moghadam Mohammadi, Behpour, Corrective, Vahid. The effect of different degrees of circular resistance exercise on appetite in men and women. Metabolism and sports activities. 2014; 3 (2): 115-28.
9. Khadijeh Iranoost. Effect of milk consumption after aerobic and resistance training on weight loss of female students
10. Brennan IM, Luscombe-Marsh ND, Seimon RV, Otto B, Horowitz M, Wishart JM, et al. Effects of fat, protein, and carbohydrate and protein load on appetite, plasma cholecystokinin, peptide YY, and ghrelin, and energy intake in lean and obese men. American Journal of Physiology-Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology. 2012;303(1):G129-G40.
11. Farnsworth E, Luscombe ND, Noakes M, Wittert G, Argyiou E, Clifton PM. Effect of a high-protein, energy-restricted diet on body composition, glycemic control, and lipid concentrations in overweight and obese hyperinsulinemic men and women. The American journal of clinical nutrition. 2003;78(1):31-9.
12. Samaha FF, Iqbal N, Seshadri P, Chicano KL, Daily DA, McGrory J, et al. A low-carbohydrate as compared with a low-fat diet in severe obesity. New England Journal of Medicine. 2003;348(21):2074-81.
13. Rumbold P, Shaw E, James L, Stevenson E. Milk consumption following exercise reduces subsequent energy intake in female recreational exercisers. Nutrients. 2015;7(1):293-305.
14. Crichton G, Bryan J, Buckley J, Murphy K. Dairy consumption and metabolic syndrome: a systematic review of findings and methodological issues. Obesity reviews. 2011;12(5):e190-e201.
15. Aziz A, Anderson G, Saarela M. The effects of dairy components on food intake and satiety. Functional dairy products. 2007;2:19-45.
16. Bowen J, Noakes M, Clifton PM. Appetite regulatory hormone responses to various dietary proteins differ by body mass index status despite similar reductions in ad libitum energy intake. The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism. 2006;91(8):2913-9.
17. Luhovyy BL, Akhavan T, Anderson GH. Whey proteins in the regulation of food intake and satiety. Journal of the American College of Nutrition. 2007;26(6):704S-12S.
18. Lluch A, Hanet-Geisen N, Salah S, Salas-Salvadó J, L’Heureux-Bouron D, Halford JC. Short-term appetite-reducing effects of a low-fat dairy product enriched with protein and fibre. Food quality and preference. 2010;21(4):402-9.
19. Barba G, Russo P. Dairy foods, dietary calcium and obesity: a short review of the evidence. Nutrition, metabolism and cardiovascular diseases. 2006;16(6):445-51.
20. Layman DK, Boileau RA, Erickson DJ, Painter JE, Shiue H, Sather C, et al. A reduced ratio of dietary carbohydrate to protein improves body composition and blood lipid profiles during weight loss in adult women. The Journal of nutrition. 2003;133(2):411-7.
21. Merrilees M, Smart E, Gilchrist N, Frampton C, Turner J, Hooke E, et al. Effects of dairy food supplements on bone mineral density in teenage girls. European journal of nutrition. 2000;39(6):256-62.
22. Hopkins M, King NA, Blundell JE. Acute and long-term effects of exercise on appetite control: is there any benefit for weight control? Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition & Metabolic Care. 2010;13(6):635-40.
23. Kissileff HR, Pi-Sunyer F, Segal K, Meltzer S, Foelsch PA. Acute effects of exercise on food intake in obese and nonobese women. The American journal of clinical nutrition. 1990;52(2):240-5.
24. Maraki M, Tsofliou F, Pitsiladis Y, Malkova D, Mutrie N, Higgins S. Acute effects of a single exercise class on appetite, energy intake and mood. Is there a time of day effect? Appetite. 2005;45(3):272-8.
25. Whyte LJ, Gill JM, Cathcart AJ. Effect of 2 weeks of sprint interval training on health-related outcomes in sedentary overweight/obese men. Metabolism. 2010;59(10):1421-8.
26. Oyama LM, do Nascimento CMO, Carnier J, de Piano A, Tock L, de Lima Sanches P, et al. The role of anorexigenic and orexigenic neuropeptides and peripheral signals on quartiles of weight loss in obese adolescents. Neuropeptides. 2010;44(6):467-74.
27. Deighton K, Stensel DJ. Creating an acute energy deficit without stimulating compensatory increases in appetite: is there an optimal exercise protocol? Proceedings of the Nutrition Society. 2014;73(02):352-8.
28. Sim AY, Wallman K, Fairchild T, Guelfi K. High-intensity intermittent exercise attenuates ad-libitum energy intake. Int J Obes (Lond). 2014;38(3):417-22.
29. Hazell TJ, Hamilton CD, Olver TD, Lemon PW. Running sprint interval training induces fat loss in women. Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism. 2014;39(8):944-50.
30. Gillen JB, Percival ME, Ludzki A, Tarnopolsky MA, Gibala M. Interval training in the fed or fasted state improves body composition and muscle oxidative capacity in overweight women. Obesity. 2013;21(11):2249-55.
31. Coffey VG, Moore DR, Burd NA, Rerecich T, Stellingwerff T, Garnham AP, et al. Nutrient provision increases signalling and protein synthesis in human skeletal muscle after repeated sprints. European journal of applied physiology. 2011;111(7):1473-83.
32. Longland TM, Oikawa SY, Mitchell CJ, Devries MC, Phillips SM. Higher compared with lower dietary protein during an energy deficit combined with intense exercise promotes greater lean mass gain and fat mass loss: a randomized trial. The American journal of clinical nutrition. 2016;103(3):738-46.
33. Fadaei, Zahedi, Ladan Naz, Farahani, Qasemzadeh, & Nazar Afrin. (2016). Editing 2013 Helsinki Statement and Challenges and its Changes to the 2008 edition. Ethics and Medical History, 9 (3), 75-92
34. Ebrahimi M, Rahmani-Nia F, Damirchi A, Mirzaie B, Pur SA. Effect of short-term exercise on appetite, energy intake and energy-regulating hormones. Iranian journal of basic medical sciences. 2013;16(7):829.
35. Mohammad Ebrahim Mogharnasi. The effect of twelve weeks of intensive periodic exercise (HIIT) on leptin levels and obesity-related factors in overweight female students. Biomedical Biology Journal. 2015; 6 (4): 451-65.
36. Flint A, Raben A, Blundell J, Astrup A. Reproducibility, power and validity of visual analogue scales in assessment of appetite sensations in single test meal studies. International journal of obesity. 2000;24(1):38.
37. Farzangi, Parvin, Esmaeili, Behnam, & Barari. (2016). The effect of aerobic training with milk intake on the amount of karmicin, resistin and CRP in immature children. Scientific Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, 24 (2), 27-37.
38. Cheng MH-Y, Bushnell D, Cannon DT, Kern M. Appetite regulation via exercise prior or subsequent to high-fat meal consumption. Appetite. 2009;52(1):193-8.
39. Martins C, Morgan LM, Bloom SR, Robertson MD. Effects of exercise on gut peptides, energy intake and appetite. Journal of Endocrinology. 2007;193(2):251-8.
40. Hill JO, Wyatt HR, Peters JC. Energy balance and obesity. Circulation. 2012;126(1):126-32.
41. Seyyed Mohsen Avandi, Khosrow Ibrahim, Alireza Salimi, Mehdi Hedayati. The effect of six weeks of intense periodic exercises on expression of MC1R receptor protein monocytes and plasma levels of α-MSH peptide in overweight men. Physiology of Exercise and Physical Activity. (1)
42. Ross R, Dagnone D, Jones PJ, Smith H, Paddags A, Hudson R, et al. Reduction in obesity and related comorbid conditions after diet-induced weight loss or exercise-induced weight loss in menA randomized, controlled trial. Annals of internal medicine. 2000;133(2):92-103.
43. Martins C, Kulseng B, King N, Holst JJ, Blundell J. The effects of exercise-induced weight loss on appetite-related peptides and motivation to eat. The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism. 2010;95(4):1609-16.
44. Zemel MB. Regulation of adiposity and obesity risk by dietary calcium: mechanisms and implications. Journal of the American College of Nutrition. 2002;21(2):146S-51S.
45. Zemel MB. Mechanisms of dairy modulation of adiposity. The Journal of nutrition. 2003;133(1):252S-6S.
46. Tahavorgar A, Vafa M, Shidfar F, Gohari M, Heydari I. Whey protein preloads are more beneficial than soy protein preloads in regulating appetite, calorie intake, anthropometry, and body composition of overweight and obese men. Nutrition Research. 2014;34(10):856-61.
47. Alkahtani SA, Byrne NM, Hills AP, King NA. Interval training intensity affects energy intake compensation in obese men. International Journal of Sport Nutrition & Exercise Metabolism. 2014;24(6).
48. King NA, Caudwell PP, Hopkins M, Stubbs JR, Naslund E, Blundell JE. Dual-process action of exercise on appetite control: increase in orexigenic drive but improvement in meal-induced satiety. The American journal of clinical nutrition. 2009;90(4):921-7.
49. Herodek K, Simonović C, Pavlović V, Stanković R. High Intensity Interval Training. Activities in Physical Education and Sport. 2014;4(2):205-7.
50. Trapp EG, Chisholm DJ, Freund J, Boutcher SH. The effects of high-intensity intermittent exercise training on fat loss and fasting insulin levels of young women. International journal of obesity. 2008;32(4):684-91.
51. Heydari M, Freund J, Boutcher SH. The effect of high-intensity intermittent exercise on body composition of overweight young males. Journal of obesity. 2012;2012.
52. Kamal NN, Ragy MM. The effects of exercise on C-reactive protein, insulin, leptin and some cardiometabolic risk factors in Egyptian children with or without metabolic syndrome. Diabetology & metabolic syndrome. 2012;4(1):27.
53. Blundell J, Gibbons C, Caudwell P, Finlayson G, Hopkins M. Appetite control and energy balance: impact of exercise. obesity reviews. 2015;16(S1):67-76.
54. Lin SL, Tarrant M, Hui LL, Kwok MK, Lam TH, Leung GM, et al. The role of dairy products and milk in adolescent obesity: evidence from Hong Kong’s “Children of 1997” birth cohort. PloS one. 2012;7(12):e52575.
55. Phillips SM, Van Loon LJ. Dietary protein for athletes: from requirements to optimum adaptation. Journal of sports sciences. 2011;29(sup1):S29-S38.
56. DeNysschen CA, Burton HW, Horvath PJ, Leddy JJ, Browne RW. Resistance training with soy vs whey protein supplements in hyperlipidemic males. Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition. 2009;6(1):8.