مقایسه پاسخ یک جلسه فعالیت‌بدنی درمانده‌ساز بر غلظت‌های ایمونوگلوبینA و پروتئین‌تام بزاقی زنان فعال و غیرفعال

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

دانشجوی دکترای فیزیولوژی ورزشی، گروه فیزیولوژی ورزشی، دانشکده علوم تربیتی و روان شناسی، دانشگاه محقق اردبیلی، اردبیل، ایران

10.22049/jassp.2020.26887.1321

چکیده

یکی از عوامل محرک دستگاه ایمنی استرس است و فعالیت بدنی می‌تواند به عنوان عاملی فشارآفرین به تغییراتی در این دستگاه منجر شود. از این رو هدف از مطالعه‌ی حاضر مقایسه پاسخ یک جلسه فعالیت وامانده‌ساز بر غلظت‌های ایمونوگلوبین‌‌A (s-IgA) و پروتئین تام بزاقی بازیکنان زن تیم بسکتبال و زنان غیرفعال بود. در این مطالعه‌ی نیمه تجربی دو گروه از بانوان30-20 ساله به‌عنوان آزمودنی انتخاب شدند، گروه اول15 نفر از زنان بسکتبالیست بودند که حدود 4 سال در تیم بسکتبال فعالیت داشتند، گروه دوم نیز 15 نفر از زنان غیرفعال بودند که سابقه‌ی تمرین منظم نداشتند. پروتکل تمرینی درمانده‌ساز بروس توسط آزمودنی‌ها انجام شد، نمونه‌های بزاقی قبل و بلافاصله بعد از اجرای آزمون از آزمودنی‌ها جمع‌آوری شد. تجزیه و تحلیل داده‌ها با استفاده از آزمون t وابسته و تحلیل کواریانس در سطح معنی‌داری 0/05> Pمورد بررسی قرار گرفت. نتایج نشان داد که یک جلسه فعالیت وامانده‌ساز غلظت s-IgA و پروتئین تام بزاقی را در زنان بسکتبالیست و زنان فعال به‌ترتیب به سطح معناداری (0/001=p)، (P=0/002) افزایش داده است و در مقایسه بین‌گروهی نیز بین غلظت ایمونوگلوبین A و پروتئین تام‌بزاقی تفاوت معناداری وجود داشت (0/002=p)، (P=0/003). در حالی‌که نسبت ایمونوگلوبین A به پروتئین تام‌بزاقی در این دو گروه تغییر معنی داری را نشان نداد (0/05< p). بر اساس نتایج حاصل از تحقیق حاضر می‌توان این‌گونه بیان کرد که اجرای یک جلسه فعالیت وامانده‌ساز باعث اختلال در دستگاه ایمنی مخاطی زنان فعال و غیرفعال نمی‌شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Comparison The Response of an Exhausting Activity Session to The Concentrations of Salivary Immunoglobulin-A (S-Iga) and Salivary Total Protein in The Female Players of The Basketball Team and Inactive Female

نویسندگان [English]

  • Robabeh Mohammadi
  • Mozhdeh Khajehlandi
PhD Student in Exercise Physiology, Faculty of Educational Sciences and Psychology, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran
چکیده [English]

One of the stimulants of the immune system is stress and physical activity can cause changes in this system as a stimulate factor. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to compare the response of an exhausting activity session to the concentrations of immunoglobulin-A (s-IgA) and total protein in the female players of the basketball team and inactive female. Two groups of 20-30 years old female were selected. The first group consists of 15 women of basketball players which have been active for about 4 years in the basketball team and the second group consisted of 15 people of inactive women of this city which had not regular exercises. In equal conditions, examinees performed Broth exhaustive exercise protocol and saliva samples were collected before and immediately after Broth test. Within-group data and between-group data were analyzed with the paired t-test and ANCOVA test, respectively. The results showed that in within-group comparison one session of exhausting activity significantly increased the concentration of s-IgA and total protein in both basketball players (p=0.001) and inactive women (p=0.002), There was also a significant increase in s-IgA and salivary total protein between two groups (p=0.002) (p=0.003). However, the ratio of immunoglobulin A to total salivary protein did not change significantly in these two groups. (p> 0.05).The results of the study indicate that the performance of one session exhaustive activity at the present conditions does not lead into disorder in the mucous immunity system of basketball players and inactive women.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • immune system
  • salivary total protein
  • Woman
  • Athlete
منابع
1. Unal M, Erdem S, Deniz G. The effects of chronic aerobic and anaerobic exercises n lymphocyte subgroups. Acta Physiologica Hungarica 2005; 92(2): 163-71.
2. Moreira A, Franchini E, de Freitas CG, de Arruda AFS, de Moura NR, Costa EC, et al. Salivary cortisol and immunoglobulin A responses to simulated and official Jiu-Jitsu matches. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research 2012; 26(8):21985-91.
3. Rentería I, García Suarez PC, Cantón Martínez E, Grandjean P, Jiménez Maldonado A. Salivary Immunoglobulin A responses to 6-minute walk test in elderly women. 2019.
4. Moreira A, Arsati F, de Oliveira Lima-Arsati YB, de Freitas CG, de Araújo VC. Salivary immunoglobulin A responses in professional top-level futsal players. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research 2011; 25(7): 1932-6.
5. Moreira A, Freitas CG, Nakamura FY, Drago G, Drago M, Aoki MS. Effect of match importance on salivary cortisol and immunoglobulin A responses in elite young volleyball players. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research 2013; 27(1):202-7.
6. Klentrou P, Cieslak T, MacNeil M, Vintinner A, Plyley M. Effect of moderate exercise on salivary immunoglobulin A and infection risk in humans. European journal of applied physiology 2002; 87(2):153-8.
7. Mackinnon LT. Advances in exercise immunology: Human Kinetics. 1999.
8. Freitas CG, Aoki MS, Arruda AF, Franciscon C, Moreira A. Monitoring salivary immunoglobulin a responses to official and simulated matches in elite young soccer players. Journal of Human Kinetics 2016; 53(1):107-15.
9. Tzai-Li L, Benjamin R. The effects of prolonged strenuous exercise on salivary secretion of IgA Subclasses in men.2009.
10. Talebi K, Hejazi SM, Mottaghi MR, Basiry Moqadam M, Irani H, Gholami Koopaie M. Effect of intense exercise on the concentration of immunoglobulin A and salivary cortisol in swimmers. Horizon Med Sci 2013;18(4):191-6. [In Persian]
11. García ET, Suarez PCG, Rentería I, Grandjean PW, Jiménez-Maldonado A. Effect of Short, Strenuous Exercise on Salivary IgA Levels in Obese Males 2018.
12. Engels H-J, Kendall BJ, Fahlman MM, Gothe NP, Bourbeau KC. Salivary immunoglobulin A in healthy adolescent females: effects of maximal exercise, physical activity, body composition and diet. The Journal of sports medicine and physical fitness 2018; 58:1096.
13. Faramarzi M, Gaeini A, Arjomand M. The effect of circadian rhythms on mocusal immunity indices response on single bout of interval swiming exercise. Exerc Physiol 2012; 5: 23-38. [In Persian]
14. Li C-Y, Hsu G-S, Suzuki K, Ko M-H, Fang S-H. Salivary immuno factors, cortisol and testosterone responses in athletes of a competitive 5000 m race. Chinese Journal of Physiology 2015;58(4):263-9.
15. Asadbakhti A, Choobineh C, Kordi M. Effect of single simulated exercise soccer on concentration of salivary IgA, IgG, IgM and cortisol in soccer players. Biologic Exe Sci. 2011;15: 83-96. [In Persian]
16. MORSHEDI, S., et al. Effect of offical soccer competition on concentration of salivary cortisol, testosterone and immunoglubulin a in players men. Exer Physiol 2011; 15: 83-96. [In Persian]
17. Satarifard S, Gaeini A, Choobineh C, ShafieiNeek L, Azami A, Adibfard E, et al. Changes of Salivary IgA of athletes after a single bout of exercise in cold ,warm and natural environments. Hormozgan Medical Journal 2013; 17.3: 229-39. [In Persian]
18. Owen AL, Wong DP, Dunlop G, Groussard C, Kebsi W, Dellal A, et al. High-intensity training and salivary immunoglobulin a responses in professional top-level soccer players: effect of training intensity. Journal of strength and conditioning research 2016; 30.9: 2460-9.
19. Southworth T, Atkins S, Hurst HT, Weeks SP. Changes in salivary IgA and salivary cortisol measurements during ten repeated marathon races. Journal of Athletic Enhancement 2013; 2.3.
20. Koch AJ, Wherry AD, Petersen MC, Johnson JC. Salivary immunoglobulin A response to a collegiate rugby game. Journal of strength and conditioning research 2007; 21(1):86.
21. Rosa L, Teixeira A, Lira F, Tufik S, Mello M, Santos R. Moderate acute exercise (70% VO2peak) induces TGF‐β, α‐amylase and IgA in saliva during recovery. Oral Diseases 2014; 20(2): 186-90.
22. Hosseini, Masoumeh, et al. Effect of resistance and endurance trainings on salivary immunoglobulin a, cortisol and dehydroepiandrosterone concentration in untrained females. 2010.
23. Mackinnon LT. Advances in exercise immunology. 1st ed. Champaign (IL) Human Kinetics Pub 1999: 159-200.
24. Mackinnon LT, Jenkins DG. Decreased salivary immunoglobulin after intense interval exercise before and after training. Med Sci Sports Exerc 1993; 25(6): 678-83.
25. Sari-Sarraf V, Doran D, Clarke N, Atkinson G, Reilly T. Effects of Carbohydrate Beverage Ingestion on the Salivary IgA Response to Intermittent Exercise in the Heat. International journal of sports medicine 2011; 32.09: 659-65.
26. nikooie r, rajabi h, gharakhanlu r, omidfar k. Effects of one session exhaustive aerobic activity on changes of salivary immunoglobulin A and total protein in adolescent recreational athletes. 2013. [In Persian[
27. Steerenberg PA, van Asperen IA, Amerongen AN, Biewenga J, Mol D, Medema G. Salivary levels of immunoglobulin A in triathletes. European journal of oral sciences1997; 105.4: 305-9.
28. Sari-Sarraf V, Reilly T, Doran D, Atkinson G. The effects of single and repeated bouts of soccer-specific exercise on salivary IgA. Archives of oral biology 2007;52.6:526-32.