ارتباط نسبت انگشت دوم به چهارم با برخی شاخص‌های آنتروپومتریک و مرتبط با سلامتی و عملکرد جسمانی در دانشجویان پسر و دختر فعال و غیرفعال

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دکتری فیزیولوژی ورزشی، دانشکده تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه تبریز، تبریز، ایران

2 دانشجوی کارشناسی تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشکده تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه تبریز، تبریز

چکیده

، هدف مطالعه حاضر بررسی ارتباط نسبت انگشت دوم به چهارم با برخی شاخص‌های مرتبط با سلامتی و عملکرد جسمانی در دانشجویان پسر و دختر فعال و غیرفعال بود. تعداد 98 زن و 120 مرد دانشجوی فعال و غیرفعال (سن: 22-18 سال؛ شاخص توده بدنی: 27-22 کیلوگرم بر متر مربع) به صورت تصادفی انتخاب شدند. ویژگی‌های آنتروپومتری شامل طول انگشت دوم و چهارم، دور کمر، دور شکم و درصد چربی و شاخص‌های عملکردی شامل استقامت عضلات بالاتنه (آزمون بارفیکس)، آمادگی قلبی-عروقی (دو 1600 متر)، استقامت عضلات شکم (دراز و نشست)، توان انفجاری پایین تنه (آزمون پرش سارجنت) و استقامت عضلات پایین تنه (پرش زیگزاگ) اندازه‌گیری شد. صرفنظر از وضعیت تمرینی و جنسیت، همبستگی منفی و معنی‌داری بین عملکرد دو 1600 متر مردان و عملکرد دو 800 متر زنان با نسبت انگشت دو به چهار مشاهده شد. علاوه بر این، نتایج نشان داد که همبستگی منفی و معنی‌داری بین عملکرد آزمون‌های استقامت بالاتنه و پایین تنه با نسبت انگشت دو به چهار وجود دارد. با این حال، همبستگی منفی و ضعیفی بین نسبت انگشت دو به چهار با دور شکم و دور لگن وجود دارد. بر اساس نتایج مطالعه حاضر به نظر می‌رسد نسبت انگشت دوم به چهارم می‌تواند نشانگر مناسبی برای شناسایی عملکرد ورزشی بر اساس ویژگی‌های آنتروپومتریک است .

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Relationship between 2D:4D digit ratio with some of health and anthropometric indicators and physical performance in active and inactive male and female college students

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mostafa Armanfar 1
  • Reza Vahdati 2
  • Zahra Zare Pour 2
  • Hadiseh Eftekhari 2
1 PhD in Exercise Physiology, Exercise Physiology Department, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran.
2 MSc of Physical Education and Sport Science, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran.
چکیده [English]

the purpose of this research was to determine the Relationship between 2D:4D digit ratio with some of health indicators and physical performance in active and inactive male and female college students. Present study investigated this association in male and female young adult students. Participants (82 male and 63 female; age: 18-22 years; body mass index: 22-27 kg/m2) were active and inactive student from the University of Tabriz. Anthropometric characteristics of subjects (Bilateral digit), Waist circumference, abdominal circumference and and performance indicators including upper extremity muscular endurance (modified pull up test), cardiovascular fitness (1600 m running), abdominal muscular endurance (Sit-up test), lower body explosive power (Sargent jump test) and zigzag jump were measured. Regardless of the training status and sex, significant negative correlations were observed between 1,600 m running performance and male digit ratios. Also, significant negative correlations were observed between 800 m running performance and female digit ratios. In addition, the results showed a significant negative correlation for 2D:4D digit ratio with lower and upper body endurance. However, a weak negative correlation between the 2D:4D digit ratio and Waist and abdominal circumference. Based on the present study, digit ratio could be a good indicator in Identification of physical performance based on anthropometric characteristics.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Digit (2D:4D) ratio
  • physical performance
  • students
  • active
  • inactive
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